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Bibliografická citace

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0 (hodnocen0 x )
(4) Půjčeno:4x 
BK
1st ed.
Cambridge : Cambridge University, 1992
x,259 s. : il.

objednat
ISBN 0-521-35770-5 (brož.)
Obsahuje rejstřík
Angličtina - gramatika - učebnice
000028610
Contents // To the student (working without a teacher) viii To the teacher ix Thanks 1 // Unit 1 am/is/are // Unit 2 am/is/are (questions) // Unit 3 I am doing (jnrscnt continuous) // Unit 4 Are you -ing? (j)rcscnt continuous questions) // Unit 5 I do/work/like etc. (/m\s47/f >7//?/?) // Unit 6 I don’t___(j)resent simple ueifiitine) // Unit 7 Do you ...? (j)resent simple questions) // Unit 8 I am doing (jnrsent continuous) and I do (j)resent simple) // Unit 9 l watched/cleaned/went etc. (j)nst simple) // Unit ?) I didn’t — Did you —? (j)iist simple negative ami questions) // Unit 11 was/were // Unit 12 I was doing (jhist continuous) // Unit 13 I was doing (j)ast continuous) and I did (j)ast simple) // Unit 14 have/has (got) // Unit 15 I have done (j)resent perfect I) // Unit 16 Have you ever___? (j)resent perfect 2) // Unit 17 How long have you ...? (j)resent perfect 3) // Unit 18 for since ago // Unit 19 I have done present perfect) and I did (past simple) // Unit 20 it is done / it was done (passive) // Unit 21 What are you doing tomorrow? (present for the future) // Unit 22 I’m going to___ // Unit 23 will/shall (1) // Unit 24 will/shall (2) // Unit 25 can and could Unit 26 may and might Unit 27 must Unit 28 should Unit 29 have to ... // Unit 30 Would you like___? // Unit 31 there is there are // Unit 32 there was / were / has been / will be // Unit 33 it___ // Unit 34 Unit 35 Unit 36 // Unit 37 Unit 38 Unit 39 Unit 40 // Unit 41 Unit 42 Unit 43 Unit 44 Unit 45 Unit
46 // Unit 47 Unit 48 Unit 49 Unit 50 // Unit 51 Unit 52 // Unit 53 Unit 54 Unit 55 Unit 56 Unit 57 Unit 58 // Unit 59 Unit 60 Unit 61 Unit 62 Unit 63 Unit 64 Unit 65 Unit 66 Unit 67 // Unit 68 Unit 69 Unit 70 Unit 71 Unit 72 Unit 73 Unit 74 Unit 75 Unit 76 Unit 77 Unit 78 // go/going work/working play/playing etc. be/have/do in present and past tenses Regular and irregular verbs // I am / I don’t etc. // Have you? / Are you? / Don’t you? etc. too / either so am I / neither do I etc. // Negatives: isn’t/haven’t/don’t etc. // Questions (Í): is it_? have you___? do they___? etc. // Questions (2): Who saw you? Who did you see? // Questions (3): Who is she talking to? What is it like? // What ...? Which ...? How ...? // How long does it take? // Can you tell me where ...? Do you know what ...? etc. // to___(I want to do) and -ing (I enjoy doing) // I want you to___/I told you to — // He said that___/ He told me that ... // I went to the shop to buy ... // get // go // I/me he/him they/them etc. my/his/their etc. // Whose is this? It’s mine I/me/my/mine myself/yourself/himself etc. // -’s (Ann’s camera / my brother’s car etc.) // a/an // flower/flowers (singular and plural) a car / some money (countable/uncountable 1) a car / some money (countable/uncountable 2) // a/an and the the // go home / go to work / go to the cinema I like music I hate examinations // the (names of places) // this/that/these/those // one/ones // some any // not + any no none // not + any
body/any one/any thing nobody/no-one/nothing // some-/any-/no-/ + -body/-one/-thing/-where // every every body/e very thing etc. // all most some no/none any // both either neither // a lot much many // (a) little (a) few // Unit 79 Unit 80 Unit 81 Unit 82 Unit 83 Unit 84 Unit 85 Unit 86 // big/tired/beautiful etc. (adjectives) quickly/badly/suddenly etc. (adverbs) // old/older expensive/more expensive // older than__ more expensive than___ // not as__as // the oldest the most expensive // enough // too // Unit 87 Word order (Í) // Unit 88 Word order (2) // Unit 89 still yet // Unit 90 Give me that book! Give it to me! // Unit 91 Unit 92 Unit 93 Unit 94 Unit 95 Unit 96 Unit 97 Unit 98 Unit 99 Unit 100 // at 10.30 on Monday in April // from___to until since for // before after during while // in at (places) to in at (places) // on under behind etc. (prepositions) up over through etc. (prepositions) // at by with/without about (prepositions) afraid of on holiday etc. (word + preposition) look at___ listen to___etc. (verb 4- preposition) // Unit 101 go in fall off run away etc. (phrasal verbs 1) // Unit 102 put on your shoes put your shoes on (phrasal verbs 2) // Unit 103 and but or so because Unit 104 When ... // Unit 105 If... // Unit 106 a person who ... a thing that/which ... (relative clauses Í) Unit 107 the people we met the hotel you stayed at (relative clauses 2) // Appendix 1 Appendix 2 Appendix 3 Appendix 4 Appendix 5 Appendix 6 // List of irregular verbs 216 Irregular
verbs in groups 217 Short forms (he’s/rd/don’t etc.) 218 Spelling 220 // Phrasal verbs (look out / take off etc.) 222 // Phrasal verbs 4- object (ring up my friend / put out a fire etc.) // 223 // Key 224 Index 254 // vii // INDEX // The numbers are unit numbers, not page numbers. // a/an 59 // a and some 61-2 a/an and the 63 about 98 above 96 across 97 adjectives 79 // adjectives and adverbs (quick/quickly) 80 comparatives (older / more expensive) 81-3 superlatives (the oldest / the most expensive) 84 adjectives + preposition (afraid of etc.) 99 get + adjective (get tired etc.) 51 // possessive adjectives (my/your/her etc.) 54 // adverbs 80 // word order (always/usually/ also etc.) 88 // advise (advise somebody to . . . ) 48 // afraid (of) 99 after 93, 104 ago 18 all // all (of) 75 // all and every etc. 74 word order 88 // along 97 // also (word order) 88 // always // always + present simple 5 word order 88 am/is/are 1-2 // am/is/are -ing (present continuous) 3-4, 34 there is/there are 31 an see a and 103 another 59 any 70-3, 75 any (of) 75 // any and some 70 not + any 71 any and no 71 // anybody/anyone/anything 72-3 anywhere 73 // apostrophe (I’m, it’s etc.) Appendix 3 // apostrophe ’s (my brother’s car) 58 // are see am/is/are around 97 arrive 95 // articles (a/an/the) 59-67 a/an 59, 61-2 a/an and the 63 the 64-7 // as 83 ask // ask somebody to .. . 48 ask somebody for ... 100 // at // at 8 o’clock / at night etc. 91 at the bus-stop / at work etc. 94 at and to
95 at the age of.. . 98 // auxiliary verbs 35, 37-9 away // run away / throw away etc. (phrasal verbs) 101-2, Appendix 6 // back // come back / give back etc. (phrasal verbs) 101-2 bad (at) 99 // be (infinitive of am/is/are) am/is/are 1-2 am/is/are -ing (present continuous) 3-4, 34-5 was/were 11 was/were -ing (past continuous) 12, 34—5 have/has been (present perfect) 15-17, 35 will be 23 because 103 been // have/has been 15-17, 35 // been and gone 16 there has/have been 32 // before 93, 104 // begin (begin to ... or begin -ing) 47 // behind 96 belong (to) 100 below 96 beside 96 best 84 better 81 between 96 // bit (a bit older / a bit bigger etc.) 82 // born 20 both // both (of) 76 word order 88 // but 103 // by 98 // by after the passive (I was bitten by a dog.) 20 by myself / by yourself etc. 57 // can/can’t 25 comparative (older / more expensive etc.) 81-3 conditional (//...) 105 conjunctions 103-5 and/but/or/so/because 103 when/before/while/after/until 104 // if... 105 // continue (continue to .. r or continue -ing) 47 contractions (short forms -I’m, it’s, you’ve etc.) Appendix 3 could/couldn’t 25 countable and uncountable nouns 61-2 // decide (decide to .. .) 47 depend (depend on) 100 did 34-5, 37 didn’t in negatives 10, 40 did in questions 10, 41 different (from) 99 // 254 // Index // direct speech and reported speech 49 v do/does 34-5, 37 // do/docs in questions 7, 41 don’t/doesn’t in negatives 6, 40 // down 97 // sit down / put down etc. (phrasal verbs) 101-2,
Appendices 5-6 // during 93 // each other 57 either // either (of) 76 either and too 39 embedded questions (Do yon // know what... ? etc.) 46 end (at the end of) 91, 94 enjoy // enjoy-ing 47 // enjoy myself/yourself etc. 57 // enough 85 // enough and too 86 // ever // Have you ever ... ? 16 superlative 4- ever 84 word order 88 every 74 // everybody/everyone/ // everything/everywhere // 74 // expect 47-8 far // How far is it? 33 far—> further 81 fast 80 // fed up (with) 99 few / a few 78 finish (finish -ing) 47 // for // for ten minutes / for three years etc. 18, 92 ’ for, since and ago 18 go for a walk etc. 52 for and to ... (infinitive) 50 forget (to ...) 47 from 92, 97 front (in front of) 96 further 81 future 21-4 // I’m working tomorrow. // (present continuous) 21 // The concert starts at 7.30. // (present simple) 21 am/is/are eoi no to 22 will 23-4 ‘ // shall 23-4 // future after when/while/before etc. 104 // future after if 105 // geographical names with and without the 67 gerund see -ing get // get in/out/on/off 51, 101 get up Appendix 5 // give // give something to somebody / give somebody something 90 give up /give back etc. // (phrasal verbs) 101-2, Appendices 5-6 go 52 // go home /go to work /go to the cinema 65 // go -ing swimming etc.) 52 go in /go back etc. (phrasal verbs) 101 // going to (am/is/aregoing to .. .) 22 // gone and been 16 good // good at 99 good and well 80 // got // past of get 9, 51 have/has got 14 // had // past of have 10, 14 had to 27, 29 happen
(to) 100 hard 80 hate 47 have/has // have/has (got) 14 have done / have been etc. (present perfect) 15-19, // 35 // have/has/had to 29 // help 48 // her 53-4, 56 hers 55, 56 herself 57 him 53, 56 // himself 57 // his 54-6 // holiday (on holiday) 52, 99 // hope (to . . .) 47 // home // go home / be at home etc. 52, 65, 94-5 get home 51 // how 44 // how big? / how old? / how far etc. 44 // How long have you. . . ? // (present perfect) 17 How long does it take? 45 how much? / how many? 77 // I/you/he/she etc. (personal pronouns) 53, 56 // if 105 // // and when 105 Do you know if ... ? 46 // in // in April / in summer etc. 91 in a room / in a park etc. 94 iti five minutes / in three years etc. 91 in and to 95 put something in 97 go in / fill in etc. (phrasal verbs) 101-2, // Appendix 6 // infinitive (do/play/see etc.) do/play/see and to do / to play / to see 34, 48 can/will/should etc. + infinitive 34 // verbs 3- to 3- infinitive (I want to go) 34, 47-8 infinitive and -ino (do/doitw etc.) 34, 47 ‘ // / went to the shop to buy ... 50 infinitive and/or ... 50 adjective H- infinitive (it’s easy to ...) 33 // something to eat / nowhere to go etc.) ‘73 // -ing (doing/play ing/going etc.) am/is/are -ing (present // continuous) 3-4, 21, 34-5 was/were -ing (past continuous) 12, 34-5 verbs + -ing (enjoy -ing etc.) 47 // -ing and infinitive (do/doing etc.) 34, 47 // 255 // Iudex // prepositions + -big 93, 99 go -ing (go swimming etc.) 52 // interested (in) 99 into 97 // irregular verbs
9, 36, // Appendices 1-2 is see am/is/are // it 33, 53 // it is and there is 31, 33 it’s and its 54 // its 54 // just (word order) 88 // kind (kind to somebody / kind of somebody) 99 // know (Do you know where. . . ?) 46 // learn (to ... ) 47 left (on the left) 96 lend (lend something to somebody) 90 // less 82 let 48 // like ( What is it like?) 43 like (verb) like -ing 47 would like 30, 47 do you like? and would you like? 30 listen (to) 100 little / a little 78 look // look + adjective (look tired etc.) 79 // look at/for/after 100 lot (a lot) 11 // love 47 // make (make somebody do something) 48 // many // many and much 77 not as many (as) 83 too many 86 married (to) 99 may 26 // me/you/him etc. (personal pronouns) 53, // 56 // middle (in the middle of) 96 // might 26 // mind (I don’t mind -ing) 47 mine/yours/hers etc. // (possessive pronouns) // 55-6 // modal verbs (will/can/might etc.) 23-30, 34 more 81-2 most // most (of) 75 // the most expensive / the most difficult etc.. 84 // much // much and many 77 much bigger / much more expensive etc. 82 not as much (as) 83 too much 86 must 27 mustn’t 27 must and should 28 must and have to 29 my/your/his etc. // (possessive adjectives) 54, 56 // myself/yourself etc. (reflexive pronouns) 57 // need // need to .. . 47 needn’t 27 // negatives 40 neither // Neither am I / Neither do I etc. 39 // neither (of) 76 // never // / never go (never + present simple) 5 // I have never .. . (present perfect + never) 16 word order 88 // next
to 96 // nice (nice to somebody / nice of somebody) 99 no (no money / no friends etc.) 71, 75 // nobody/no-one/nothing // 72-3 // none (of) 71, 75 nor (Nor am I / Nor do I etc.) 39 //  nouns (countable and uncountable) 61-2 // nowhere 73 // of // the roof of the building etc. 58 the ... of... 67 off 97 // get off / turn off etc. (phrasal verbs) 101-2, Appendices 5-6 // offer (to .. .) 47 // often // I often go (often + present simple) 5 word order 88 // on // on Monday / on 25 April etc. 91 // on the table / on the wall etc. 96-7 // on holiday / on television / on fire etc. 99 // go on holiday / a trip etc. 52 get on / put on etc. (phrasal verbs) 101-2, Appendices 5-6 // one/ones 69 opposite 96 or 103 ought to 28 our 54, 56 ours 55-6 ourselves 57 out // out of 97 // go out / put out etc. (phrasal verbs) 101-2, Appendices 5-6 // over 97 // climb over / knock over etc. (phrasal verbs) 101-2, Appendix 6 // pair (a pair of.. .) 60 // passive 20, 35 past (preposition) 97 past continuous (was/were -ing) 12, 34-5 // past continuous (I was doing) and past simple (I did) 13 past participle // (cleaned/done/spoken etc.) 36 // present perfect (I have cleaned) 15, 35 passive (the room was cleaned) 20, 35 // 256 // Index // regular (cleaned) and irregular (spoken) 36, Appendices 1-2 // past simple (did/watched/saw etc.) 9-10 // negative (didn’t) 10, 40 questions (did. . . ?) 10, 41 regular and irregular verbs 9, 36, Appendices 1-2 was/were 11 past simple 4- ago 18 past simple (I did) and
present perfect (I have done) 19 past simple (I did) and past continuous (I was doing) 13 past simple passive (the room was cleaned) 20, 35 had (past of have) 14 // people 60 // personal pronouns (I/me/you etc.) 53, 56 // persuade (persuade somebody to ...) 48 // phrasal verbs (get up / put on etc.) 101-2, Appendices 5-6 // plural (cup —> cups / man —> men etc.) 60 // police 60 // possessive adjectives // (my/your/his etc.) 54, 56 // possessive pronouns // (mine/yours/his etc.) 55-6 // prefer 47 // prepositions 91-100 at/on/in (time) 91 for/since 18, 92 until 92 // before/duri ng/after/wh i le 93 in/at (places) 94 to/in/at (places) 95 on 91, 96-7, 99 at 91, 94-5, 98 prepositions of position (on/under/behind etc.) 96 prepositions of movement (up/? ver/through etc.) 97 by 98 // with/without 98-9 about 98 // words 4- preposition (afraid of etc.) 99 // verbs 4- preposition (listen to / wait for etc.) 100 // prepositions + -ing (in -ing / without -ing etc.) 99 prepositions at the end (Who is she talking to?) 43 prepositions in relative clauses (the man she is talking to) 107 // present continuous (am/is/are -ing) 3-4, 34-5 negative (I’m not -ing) 3 questions (are you -ing?) 4 present continuous (I am doing) and present simple (I do) 8 // present continuous for the future (What are you doing tomorrow?) 21 // present perfect (I have done) 15-19, 35 Have you ever. . . ? 16 gone and been 16 How long have you. . . ? 17 present perfect + for/since 17-18 present perfect (I have done)
and past simple (I did) // 19 // present perfect continuous (I have been -ing) 17 present perfect + yet 89 regular and irregular // verbs 15, 36, Appendices 1-2 // present simple (I do / I watch / I like etc.) 5-7 negative (don’t/doesn’t) 6, 40 questions (do .. . ? / does ...?) 7, 41 present simple + // always/usually/never etc. // 5 // present simple (I do) and present continuous (I am doing) 8 // present simple passive (the room is cleaned) 20, 35 present simple for the future (The concert begins at 7.30.) 21 // present simple after when and if 104-5 // pronouns // personal pronouns (I/me/you etc.) 53, 56 // possessive pronouns (mine/yours etc.) 55-6 reflexive pronouns // (myself/yourself etc.) 57 relative pronouns // (who/that/wh ich) 106-7 one/ones 69 put // put something in ... 97 put on / put out etc. (phrasal verbs) 102, Appendix 6 // questions 41-6 // am/is/are. . . 2 do ... ? / does ... ? (present simple) 7, 41 // did ... ? (past simple) 10, 41 Who saw you? / Who did you see? 42 // preposition at the end (Who is she talking to?) 43 What . . . ? / Which . . . ? / How ... ? 44 Why don’t ... ? / Why isn’t ... ? etc. 41 // How long does it take? 45 reply questions (Have you? / Are you? etc.) 38 question tags (. . . do you? / // . . . isn’t it? etc.) 38 Do you know where ... ? (embedded questions) 46 // reflexive pronouns // (my self/? ours elf etc.) 57 // regular and irregular // verbs 9, 36, Appendices 1-2 // relative clauses 106-7 relative pronouns // (who/which/that)
106-7 // reply questions (Have you? / Are you? etc.) 38 reported speech (He said that . . . / He told me that. . . ) 49 right (on the right) 96 round 97 // turn round / show round etc. (phrasal verbs) 101-2, Appendix 6 // ’s (apostrophe ’s) 58, // Appendix 3 // 257 // Index // same 64, 83 say/said // he said that . . . (reported speech) 49 say and tell 49 shall 23-4 // short forms (I’m / it’s / you’ve etc.) Appendix 3 // should 28 // simple past / simple present see past simple / present simple since 18, 92 // singular and plural (a flower —» some flowers) 60 so // so am I / so do I etc. 39 so (I was tired, so I went to bed.) 103 // some // some (of) 75 some and a/an 61-2 some and any 70 somebody/someone/something/ somewhere 73 sometimes // sometimes + present simple 5 word order 88 sorry (sorry about and sorry for) 99 // speak (to) 100 spelling Appendix 4 start (start to do or start -ing) 47 still 89 // word order 88 stop (stop -ing) 47 suggest (suŁ8esf -dig) 47 superlative (the biggest / the most expensive etc.) 84 // tags (question tags) 38 take (It takes . . . / How long does it take?) 45 talk (to) 100 tell/told // He told me to . . . 48 He told me that... 49 tell and say 49 // Can you tell me where ... ? 46 // b tenses // present continuous (I am doing) 3-5, 34-35 present simple (I do) 5-8, 35 // past simple (/d/d) 9-10, 13, 19, 35 // past continuous (I was doing) 12-13, 34—35 present perfect (I have done) 15-19, 35 than 82-3 that // that and this 68 He said
that .../ He told me that . . . (reported speech) 49 // a thing that . . . (relative clauses) 106-7 the 63-7 the and a/an 63 the sun / the sky etc. 64 the top of / the end of etc. 64 the same 64 // the cinema / the theatre / the bank etc. 65 flowers / the flowers 66 the in names of places 67 the biggest / the most expensive etc. 84 their 54, 56 theirs 55-6 them 53, 56 themselves 57 there // there is / there are 31 there was / there were 32 there has / have been 32 there will be 32 there is and it is 31, 33 these 68 // think (think about / think of) 100 this 68 those 68 through 97 till (= until) 92 to 92, 95, 97 get to .. . 51 go to .. . 52 // to + infinitive (togo / to be etc.) // see infinitive too 86 // too and either 39 turn (turn round / turn on etc.) (phrasal verbs) 101-2, Appendix 6 try (to .. .) 47 // uncountable nouns // (salt/water/music etc.) 61-2 under 96-7 until 92, 104 up 97 // get up / pick up etc. (phrasal verbs) 101-2, Appendices 5-6 // us 53, 56 // usually // usually + present simple 5 word order 88 // verbs // present tenses 3-8, 35 past tenses 9-13, 35 present perfect 15-19 modal verbs (will/can/should etc.) 23-30, 34 regular and irregular verbs 9, 36, Appendices 1-2 passive 20, 35 future 21-4 reported speech 49 negatives 40 questions 41-2 verbs -I- -ing 47 verbs + to . . . (infinitive) 34, 47 // verbs + preposition (look at / speak to etc.) 100 phrasal verbs (get up / put on etc.) 101-2, Appendices 5-6 // wait (for) 50, 100 want 47-8 was/were 11 // was/were
-ing (past continuous) 12, 34—5 was/were done (passive) 20, 35 there was/were 32 well 80 were see was what 42, 44 // What... ? 42, 44 What. . . like? 43 What ... ? and Which ... ? 44 when 104 // when . . . and if.. . 105 // whether 46 which // Which ... ? 44 // 258 // Index // which one/ones? 69 Which ... ? and What ... ? 44 a thing which . . . (relative clauses) 106-7 while 93, 104 who // Who. ..? 42 // a person who . . . (relative clauses) 106-7 whose 55 will 23-4 will and shall 23 won’t 23 there will he 32 // with 98 without 98-9 won’t (= will not) 23 word order // in questions 41-3 in present continuous questions 4 // in present simple questions 7 in past simple questions 10 Can you tell me where ... ? // (embedded questions) 46 verb + object 87 place and time 87 always/usually/also etc. 88 // after give/lend/pass/send/ show 90 // worse 81 worst 84 would // I’d like / would you like? 30, 47 would like/love/hate/prefer 47 // yet 89 you 53, 56 your 54, 56 yours 55-6 // yourself/yourselves 57 // 259

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