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Bibliografická citace

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0 (hodnocen0 x )
(4.7) Půjčeno:14x 
BK
1st pub.
London : Routledge, c1991
x, 254 s. : il. ; 22 cm

objednat
ISBN 0-415-01419-0 (brož.)
ISBN 978-0-415-01419-9 (dotisk ; brož.)
Popsáno dle dotisku vydaného v roce 2007
Obsahuje bibliografii na s. 235-250 a rejstřík
000055304
Acknowledgements xi // 1 Introduction: the importance of language in the // news 1 // 2 The social construction of news 10 // Bias or representation 10 // News values 12 // Stereotypes 17 // Social and economic factors in news selection 19 // Language and representation 25 // The linguistic background 26 // Anthropological linguistics: language, culture and thought 28 // Functional linguistics, variation, social semiotic 32 // Social semiotic in news discourse: an example 38 // Discourse and the reader 41 // 4 Conversation and consensus 46 // The ‘public idiom’ and the formation of consensus 46 // Consensus and contradiction 48 // Categorization and conversation 54 // Oral models in the Press 59 // 5 Analytic tools: critical linguistics 66 // Linguistic tools 68 // Transitivity 70 // Some syntactic transformations of the clause 76 // Lexical structure 80 // Interpersonal elements: modality 85 // Interpersonal elements: speech acts 87 // x Contents // 6 Discrimination in discourse: gender and power // Personalization Discrimination Discrimination and power // 7 Terms of abuse and of endearment // Rambo and the mad dog Postscript // 8 Attitudes to power // Ideological roles of the Press // The dominance of the status quo: hospital patients as powerless Law and order // 9 A Press scare: the salmonella-in-eggs affair // Press hysteria // Participants // Chronology // Some aspects of hysterical style // 10 The salmonella-in-eggs affair: Pandora’s box // What am I?
// Pandora’s box: generating and equating new instances ’What am I?’ revisited // Closing Pandora’s box: what are you going to do about it? // Blame the housewife The persistence of paradigms // 11 Leading the people: editorial authority // 12 Conclusion: prospects for critical news analysis // Notes
INDEX :   access, accessed voice 22-3, 56, 229 action 71, 72, 73, 132, 143 active voice 77 actor 71 // address terms 63, 68, 96 addressee 210, 219, 232 affected participant 75-6 agent 72, 75, 76, 77, 78, 98, 108, 132, 138, 140, 143, 144 allusion 227-8 Austin, J. L. 88 auxiliary verb 63 // Bakhtin, M. 223 Barthes, R. 3, 223, 229 basic-level terms 55-6, 84 beneficiary 76, 98, 140 Berger, P. 2, 57-8 bias 8, 10-12, 208-9 Birmingham University Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies 2, 10 Blom, J.-P. 34 Bloomfield, L. 26 Booth, W. C. 224 Brown, R. 35, 36 // categorization 54—8, 84, 92-3, // 97-8, 138 Chibnall, S. 52 Chomsky, N. 5, 26-7, 28 circumstance 72, 76, 97 code 3 // code-switching 34 // Cohen, S. 20, 222 cohesion 173-4 collocation 177 // consensus 13, 16-17, 48-54, 56-7, 124, 144, 188, 212, 214; and conflict 6-7; and contradiction 48-54; ‘us and them’ 49, 52-3, 140, 144, 212, 214, 220 contrastive stress 62 conversation 54-8 cue, cueing 40, 44, 45, 61, 174, 201, 203, 219, 227 //
deconstruction 232 defamiliarization 31, 45, 126, 224 definite article 171-2 deixis 63-4 deletion 78 // depersonalization 128-9 diachronic 225-6 dialect 35, 59, 61 // dialogic 40, 211, 214, 217, 218, 223 diglossia 35 diminutive 96, 99, 117 discourse 38-45, 54, 104-5, 120, 208-9, 222; authoritarian 127; bureaucratic, institutional, official 47, 59, 79-80, 127-8, 131; leader discourse ch. 11 passim; pedagogic 56, 57 discourse analysis 170, 223 discrimination 85, ch. 6 passim discursive competence 44, 84, 103 dissociation 99-100 // 252 Index // elision 63 euphemism 96 experiencer 76, 132, 133 // Ferguson, C. 35 field 35 force 75 // foregrounding 45, 224 formula 164, 173-5, 177-8, 203, // 205 // Foucault, M. 42, 223 Fowler, R. 6 // frame 17, 43, 195, 205, 224 // Galtung, J. 13-17, 19, 53 Gaskell, E. 62 gatekeeping 13 general proposition 17, 214 generalization 175-7 generic statement 211, 214 genre 227 Gilman, A. 35, 36 Glasgow University Media Group 2, 8, 10, 222 Gombrich, K. H. 43 group 93-4, 105-6, 108, 120, 129, 144, 193 Gumperz, J. 34 // Hall, S. 12, 21, 40, 47-8, 49, 124, 222 // Halliday, M. A. K. 4, 5, 30-1, 32, 35-7, 57-8, 61, 62, 66, 68ff., 80, 84, 85, 223 Hartley, J. 2, 8, 22, 49, 124, 223 head of noun phrase 172, 178 hierarchy 13, 22 Hodge, R. 6 // homocentrism see news values Hudson, R. A. 61 Hymes, D. H. 36 hypercorrection 33-4, 96 hysteria in the Press 146-51, 160-9 // idealization 27 // ideational function of language 69, 70, 80, 85 ideology 4, 10, 24, 35, 41-3, 46-7, 49, 84, 182-3, 228, 232 //
illocutionary act see speech act imperative 189, 190, 201, 219 information structure 62, 218 instrument 76 // interpersonal function of language 69, 70, 85 intertextuality 23, 118, 127, 165-6, 214, 227ff. intonation 62 Iser, W. 224 // Jakobson, R. 224 // Kress, G. 6, 41-2, 44 // Labov, W. 32-3, 61 Lakoff, R. 96 Lawrence, D. H. 62 Leach, E. 29, 82 legitimation 51 levelling 175 // lexicon, lexis 54—6, 63, 80-85, 94, 210-11 // linguistic competence 26-7 linguistic determinism 30-2, 66 linguistic relativity 29-30 linguistics: // critical 5, 26, 43, chapter 5 passim 89-90, 99, 170, 223, 225, 231-4; functional 32-7, 69-70, 223; structural 26-8 Luckmann, T. 2, 57-8 // marginalization 53, 108, 133, 216 // markedness 94, 96 // Marshall, T. 230 // mass media 122 // material process 74 // medium 25-6 // mental action 74 // mental model 40, 44, 67, 92 // mental process 71, 74, 133 // mental state 74 // modality 64, 85-7, 107, 127-8, // 138, 190, 201, 211, 214 mode 36, 59-60 mode of address 47-8 modifier in noun phrase 172, 178 monologic 223 // Index 253 // morphology 63 Mukařovský, J. 45, 224 mystification 80, 128 // naming 63, 68, 99-101 naturalization 57 news as practice 2 news sources 21-2 news values 12-17, 53, 180; homocentrism 16, 17, 50, 53; personalization 15-16, 22, 90-2, 230 // nominal, nominalization 77, 79-80, 128 noun phrase 97, 103, 129, 171-4 // object 75, 98 objectification 58 oral model 47, 59-65, 217-18 orthography 62 Orwell, G. 30 //
over-lexicalization 85, 103, 109, 144 // paradigm 17, 18, 42, 93, 95, 97, 103, 117, 118, 135, 141, 145, 158, 165-6, 178, 201-7, 224-5, 226 // paralanguage 62 participant 73, 78, 97 passive voice 72, 76, 77-9, 132 patient 72, 75, 76, 98, 108, 132, 133, 140, 144 performative 88 personal pronouns see pronoun personalization see news values Philo, G. 12, 13, 20 phoneme 62 poststructuralism 60 power 35, 36-7, 98, 99, 105-9, ch. // 8 passim, 212 predicate 73, 78, 79, 97, 132, 138, 168 // Press as industry 19-21 presupposition 85 process 73 // pronoun 35, 77, 99; ‘we’ 53, 63, 189, 212, 214 proposition 76, 78; general // proposition 95; implied proposition 85 prototype 44, 204 psycholinguistics 44 public idiom 40, 48 // quantification 166-9 // reader 41-5, 232 reality-maintenance 57-8 reference, referent 81, 210 register 35-6, 37, 41, 59-60, 63; // lexical register 84 reification 80 re-lexicalization 84 representation 25ff., 36-7, 54—6, // 66, 70-1, 82, 85, 120, 206-7, 208-9, 222-3 Riffaterre, M. 224 Ruge, M. 13-17, 19, 53 // Sapir, E. 4, 28, 30, 82 Saussure, F. de 3, 26, 81, 223 schema 17, 43-4, 60-1, 67, 78, 224 script 43, 188, 194, 224 Searle, J. R. 88 // selection of news stories 11, 12ff., 19 // semantics 81-2 // semiotics 3, 223; social semiotic, language as 37, 38-41 sense (in semantics) 81-2 sexism in language 95ff. // Shklovsky, V. 224 sociolinguistics 4, 32-6, 61, 66, 67 solidarity 35, 36-7, 40, 99, 212 source 210, 214 speech 230-1 // speech act 64—5, 75, 87-9, 133 speech and writing 59, 62, 64 //
state 71, 73 // stereotype 14, 17-19, 43, 92-4, // 101, 103, 105, 135, 141, 158, // 182, 188, 224; gender, housewife 191-202; in sociolinguistics 61 style 227 subject 75, 77, 98 syntax 63, 76-80, 94-5, 171-4, // 201, 215 // 254 Index // tenor 35 text 60 // textual function of language 69 title 96, 100-1 // transformation, linguistic 76-80 transformation of news stories 11, 19, 226 // transitivity 70-6, 78, 108, 120, 128, 142-4 Trew, T. 6 // Trudgill, P. 32, 34, 61, 96 typography 62 // ‘us and them’ see consensus Uspensky, B. A. 224 // valeur 81-2 verb 97, 98 verbal action 74 verbal process 74 vocabulary see lexicon // Whitaker, B. 21 // Whorf, B. L. 28-32, 66, 223 // Young, J. 20, 222

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