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Bibliografická citace

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BK
Harmondsworth : Penguin, 1976
xv, 504 s.

ISBN 0-14-004304-7
000061416
Rekat.
Foreword: On the Completion of The Masks of God V // Prologue: Toward a Natural History of the Gods // and Heroes 3 // L The Lineaments of a New Science 3 // K. The Well of the Past 5 // K. The Dialogue of Scholarship and Romance 8 // part one: The Psychology of Myth // Introduction: The Lesson of the Mask 21 // Chapter 1. The Enigma of the Inherited Image 30 // I. The Innate Releasing Mechanism 30 // II. The Supernormal Sign Stimulus 38 // Chapter 2. The Imprints of Experience 50 // I. Suffering and Rapture 50 // K. The Structuring Force of Life on Earth 57 // K. The Imprints of Early Infancy 61 // IV. The Spontaneous Animism of Childhood 78 // V. The System of Sentiments of the Local Group 88 // VI. The Impact of Old Age 118 // part two: The Mythology of the Primitive Planters Chapter 3. The Culture Province of // the High Civilizations 135 // I. The Proto-Neolithic: c. 7500-5500 B.C. xi 136 // xii CONTENTS // K. The Basal Neolithic: c. 5500-4500 b.c. 138 // KK. The High Neolithic: c. 4500-3500 b.c. 140 // IV. The Hieratic City-State: c. 3500-2500 b.c. 144 // Chapter 4. The Province of the Immolated Kings 151 // і. The Legend of the Destruction of Kash 151 // K. A Night of Shehrzad 161 // ш. The King, and the Virgin of the Vestal Fire 165 // Chapter 5. The Ritual Love-Death 170 // I. The Descent and Return of the Maiden 170 // II. The Mythological Event 176 // III. Persephone 183 // IV. The Monster Eel 190 // V. Parallelism or Diffusion? 202 // VI. The Ritual Love-Death in Pre-Columbian America 216 //
Chapter part three: The Mythology of the Primitive Hunters 6. Shamanism 229 // 1 L The Shaman and the Priest 229 // 1 K. Shamanistic Magic 242 // j in. The Shamanistic Vision 251 // IV. The Fire-Bringer 267 // Chapter 7. The Animal Master 282 // і. The Legend of the Buffalo Dance 282 // K. Paleolithic Mythology 286 // hi. The Ritual of the Returned Blood 295 // Chapter 8. The Paleolithic Caves 299 // і. The Shamans of the Great Hunt 299 // K. Our Lady of the Mammoths 313 // CONTENTS // ш. The Master Bear // IV. The Mythologies of the Two Worlds // 334 // 347 // part four: The Archaeology of Myth // Chapter 9. Mythological Thresholds of // the Paleolithic 357 // I. The Stage of Plesianthropus (<-600,000 b.c.-») 357 // II. The Stage of Pithecanthropus (<-400,000 b.c.-») 360 // III. The Stage of Neanderthal Man (c. 200,000-75,000/25,000 B.C.) 365 // IV. The Stage of Crô-Magnon Man (c. 30,000-10,000 b.c.) s’ 374 // V. The Capsian-Microlithic Style (c. 30,000/10,000-4000 b.c.) 379 // Chapter 10. Mythological Thresholds of the Neolithic 384 // I. The Great Serpent of the Earliest Planters (c. 7500 b.c.?) 384 // II. The Birth of Civilization in the Near East (c. 7500-2500 B.C.) 391// III. The Great Diffusion 418 // Conclusion: The Functioning of Myth 461 // I. The Local Images and the Universal Way 461 // II. The Bondages of Love, Power, and Virtue 464 // III. The Release from Bondage 469 // Reference Notes 473
INDEX :   Aadja, shaman, 258-60, 262 A-bar-gi, 408, 409, 411 Abel, 177, 182 Abortion, 332 Abram, 144 Abstract motifs, 141 Abyssinia, 351-52, 451 Acorn, 172 Actaeon, 62—64 // Adam, 24, 104, 108, 115, 121, 322; Sec-ond, 107, 112, 121 Adena People, 330, 331 Adler, Alfred, 464 Admiralty Islands, 385, 390 Adonis, 143, 300, 368, 412, 425, 427, 440 // Adulthood, and society, 402—403: transformation into, see Initiation rites Aeneas, 70 Aeneid, 69-70 Aeschylus, 279, 417 // Africa, 118-19, 126 ff., 135, 166, 168-69, 172, 190, 276, 296-97, 305, 321, 346-347, 364, 374; Capsian-microlithic // style, 379-83, 399-401; plesianthro-pus, 357-60; wall paintings, 304, 379— 383; as zone of diffusion, 420—22 Africanthropus, 361 Afterworld, 72, 120 Aggjartog, shaman, 245 Aggression, 98, 99 // Agriculture, 135-38, 205, 212 ff., 437 Aine, 432 // Ainu race, 334-39, 343-44, 348, 349, 393, 395, 396 Akaf, 152-60 Alacaloof tribe, 245, 363 Alaska, 362 Albanian language, 9 Albright, W. F., 138 n. // Alchemy, 72 // Alcibiades, 104 // Alexandrians, 10 // Algonquin Indians, 330 // All Comrades Society, 286, 294 // Allah, 12, 463 // Allegory, screening, 96-97 // Alpacas, 137, 212 // Altamira, Spain, 14, 377 // Altars, earliest, 341 // Altjcringa age, 88, 89, 93 ff., 112, 318 // Amaranth, 208, 209, 211 // Amaravati, 148 // Amazon basin, 220 // Ambilyerikirra, 113 ff. // Ambrim, 450-51 Ambrosia, 68, 71 // America, see Indians; Middle America; // New World American Indian Culture Complex, 330 Ameta,
173-75, 189 Ammun, 400 Amniotic fluid, 64, 99 Amratian culture, 423 Anansi, 276 // Ancestors, 128, 179-80, 242, 251-52, 343, 447, 467 Andamanese, 319, 353; level of living, 365-67; mythology, 74, 278, 367-71, 385 // Andcrsson, J. C., 441 Andhra period, 439 // Androgyne, imagery of, 103-108, 121, 417 // Andromeda, 187, 211 Angels, 258, 417 Angola, 165, 166 // Animals, behavior, 30-31, 35-36, 39-40, 42—43, 45, 47-48, 58-59; Blackfoot buffalo dance, 282-86, 289—95; cannibalistic culture stratum, 172; and death, 125, 129, 130, 178, 130; and earth as mother, 66; paleolithic age, 300-305, 308-311, 323-24, 347-50, 377-79; retumed-blood ritual, 295-98; and shamanism, 265-66 Animism, 14; of childhood, 78-88 Annapurna, 70 Anodosy 185 Antarctica, 364 Antelope, 271, 296-98, 359 Anthropology, 8, 23, 76, 103, 204, 330, 334-35; discoveries, 12-15 Antisthenes, 27 Anu, 431 Anubis, 426 Anunnaki, 415, 417 Anxiety, 81, 92 Anyang, 441 // Apache Indians, 73, 74-75, 231-40, 428 Apaporis River, 221 Apes, 357-60 // Aphrodite, 328, 368, 388, 412, 425, 427 Apollo, 104, 184 Appetites, instinctive, 47-48 Apuleius, Lucius, 56 Arabia, 162-63, 168 Arabian Nights, 161-64, 165 Arach-ben-Hassul, 151, 152, 161, 162 Aranda tribe, attitude toward death, 126, 349; initiation, see Initiation rites; Karora legend, 106-108, 109; medicine men, 254-55, 263; women in ceremonies, 318 // 490 // INDEX // Archetypes, 32, 35, 240; animals, 66, 292—95; birth trauma, 61—62; cannibal ogress, 68-69; hero, 274-81; land, 199-200;
primal being, 103-111; ritual regicide, 166-68 Argentina, 208 Ariadne, 69 Aristotle, 50, 80 Armenian language, 9 Arpachiya, Iraq, 145 // Art, 40 ff.; female form, 59, 63, 139-40, 141, 211, 287-88, 313-15, 323, 324-330, 374-75, 387 ff„ 396, 403, 422, 435, 437, 451; and filth, 72; history of, 5; labyrinth, see Labyrinth; liturgical, 147, 436; and mythology, 470-472; neolithic pottery, 140—43, 144, 145, 203; paleolithic, see Paleolithic age // Artemis, 63, 328 Arlha, 465-72 Artificialism, 85, 87 Aryans, see Indo-European "As if,” game of, 21-29 Ash, World, 120-21, 257, 281 Ashes, 72 // Ashoka, Emperor, 439 // Asia, 5, 7, 135, 137, 138, 211, 353 // Ass Festival, 274 // Astarte, 425 // Astronomy, 451—52 // Athene, 101 // Atonement, 78, 111 // Attis, 427, 440 // Attributes (upadhis), 55 // Aua, shaman, 52, 53 // AUM, 86 // Aurignacian period, 288, 290, 312, 314, 323, 324, 374-75, 387, 403 Aush tribe, 245 // Australia, 363-64, 372; initiation rites, see Initiation rites; pointing bone rite, 302—304; rock paintings, 46 Austria, 325 Awakening, 67 // Ax, 348, 364-65, 392-93, 441 ff., 451; // double, 142, 143, 428, 435, 441 Azilian period, 312 Azrail, 159 Aztecs, 148, 212, 215 // Babel, Tower of, 280 Baboon, 360, 426 // Babylon, 13, 69, 70, 78, 166, 168; creation epic, 107 Bachler, Emil, 341, 345 Bacon, Francis, 7 Badarian culture, 422-23 Badb, 432 // Baikal, Lake, 257, 323 Baining tribe, 388 Baker Lake, 54 Balsa rafts, 208-209 Bamana tribe, 346 Bambino, 77, 91 Bamboo, 172, 196
// Bananas, 172, 173, 175, 200-201, 203 Bandicoot Totem, origin legend of, 106— 108, 109, 116 Barbosa, Duarte, 165 // Bark, 137 Barley, 138 // Barrows, 429, 444, 445 Base matter, 72 Basque language, 10 // Bastian, Adolf, 14, 15, 32-33, 37, 48, 111, 112, 116, 122. 130, 256, 461-62 Basumbwa tribe, 118—19, 128 Bat Cave, 205 n. // Bataks, 211 // Bear, 277, 308; Ainu myth of, 335-39, 395; cult of, 339-41, 344-47, 349, 373, 375, 378, 379, 394 ff. // Beatitude, 65, 68, 71 Beauvais, cathedral of, 274 Beehive tomb, 143, 428 Bégouen, Count Henri, 306-307, 310, 345, 398 Beirut, 136, 402 Belgian Congo, 296—97 Belief, 24-25 Benedict, Ruth, 230 Bengal Asiatic Society, 9 Bennett, Wendel C., 206-207 Bering Strait, 205 Betel nut, 174, 175 Bethlehem, 299-300 Bhagavad Cila, 293, 439 Bible, 112, 197, 279; and classics, 9; criticism, 8; Ezekiel, 368; Genesis, 10, 64, 103-104, 109, 121, 144, 182, 322; John, 86; Philippians, 256 Bighom, 271 Biliku, 278, 367-68, 369 Biology, 14, 38 // Birds, 137, 142, 178, 232-35, 292, 326, 328, 330, 339, 367-68, 388, 425-26; down of, 99, 101, 108, 113; and shamans, 257-58, 274-75, 290-91, 301, 305 // Birth, children’s questions concerning, 83—84; imprints, see Infant; and initiation rites, 88—89; and moon; 390; prematurity of, 38; and sexual intercourse, 320-21; trauma, 61, 68 Bishop, Carl W., 441 Bison, see Buffalo Biting, 117 // Blackfoot Indians, 271, 324, 330; buffalo dance, legend of, 282-86, 289-95, 389 Blake, William, 72 // "Blind Men and the Elephant,”
parable of, 8 // Bliss, of child in womb, 65; at mother’s breast, 67-71 Blood, 173-74, 175, 223-24, 225; congestion, at birth, 61; and initiation // rites, 97, 99, 102, 103, 108; menstrual, 59, 103; returned, ritual of, 295—98 Blowgun, 210, 220 Boar, see Pig // Boats, 208-209, 408, 423, 440, 442 Bodhi, 470 Bolk, Ludwig, 38-39 Bolt of thunder, 393-94 Bone, 285, 291, 293, 442; pointing, 302-304 // Boomerang, 372, 422 // Bopp, Franz, 9 // Borneo, 211, 373, 385. 394 // INDEX // 491 // Bottle-gourds, 206, 207, 209, 2X3, 443, 444 // Bouchcr de Crévecceur de Perthes, Jacques, 13 Bow and arrow, 137, 379 Brahmanas, 438 // Braidwood, Robert J., 136 K., 138 K. // Brain, 42; rapid growth ol, 39 Brainwashing, 66 // Brasseur de Bourbourg, Abbé Charles Etienne, 14 Brawne, Fanny, 41 Brazil, 209-210, 221, 442, 443 Breadfruit, 199-201 Breasted, James Henry, 401 Breasts, 63, 67, 71, 73, 140, 287, 313, 326 // Br’cr Rabbit, 273, 275-76 Breuil, Abbé H., 287-88, 301, 305 K., 308 K., 327, 374 Brhadaranyaka Upatiisad, 82, 105, 109 Bricks, mud, 144 // Bridges, E. Lucas, 246-50, 260, 315-18, 321 // Bridges, Thomas, 246 Brigit, 431-32 Brinton, Daniel G., 14, 15 Bronze Age, 184, 429, 439 Brown, W. Norman, 435 Brunn, 376 Brux, 376 Bucranium, 142 // Buddha, 10, 233, 435, 436, 439, 452, 463 Buddhism, 11, 71, 82, 148, 233-34, 240, 257, 334, 435-36, 439; parable of “The Blind Men and the Elephant,” 8; Tantric, 64, 85-86, 439 Buffalo, 242; Blackfoot dance, 282—86, 289-95, 324, 389, 470; mythology,
286-87, 300-301, 304, 377-78, 397-398 // Buffon, Count Georges de, 38 Bulgarian language, 9 Bull, 140, 142, 143, 152, 156, 160, 165, 187, 197, 265-66, 403, 407, 411, 417, 420, 423, 426-27, 438, 444, 449, 451 Bull-roarers, 93, 96, 97, 100, 101, 106, 116, 170, 189, 242 Burial, 65, 66-67, 70; Ainu, 344, 348, 349; ceremonial, 342-44, 373, 394, 395, 405-411, 422, 423, 445; cults, 137; mounds, 65, 70, 428-31; Ur royal tombs, 164, 405-418, 419, 449, 452-453 // Buriat people, 251, 257, 274-75 Burning, 117 Bur-Sin, 412, 413 Bushido, 26-27 Bushmen, 374, 383 Butter of Immortality, 239 Butterflies, and sign stimuli, 43, 75 Byblos, 425 // Caduccus, 416-17 Caesar, Julius, 312 Cain, 177, 182 Cakes, 187 // Calabash, see Bottle-gourds Calderón de la Barca, Pedro, 234 Caldrons, 62 // Calendar, 135, 147, 148, 203, 212, 230, 279, 404, 423, 424, 457 California, 172, 209, 319, 363 Cambodia, 215, 457 Cancer, sign of, 166 // Cannibalism, 18, 68-69, 70, 71, 73, 75, 77, 321, 361, 365, 394, 395, 424, 442, 448—49; culture stratum of, 170—82, 187, 189 // Capsian-microlithic style, 379-83, 386, 423, 438; mythogenctic zone, 399-401 Caribou Eskimo, 52, 241, 243—45, 294, 297, 319, 332, 348, 470 Carmel, Mount, 136, 383, 402 Carnivals, 274 Carpentry, 139, 402 Caso, Alfonso, 205 n. // Cassava, 220 // Castcllón figures, 380, 381 // Casteret, N., 345 // Casting-off places, 119, 129 // Castration, 98; fear of, 73-76, 77, 103 // Catal lluyut, vii // Catamarans, 208—209 // Catharsis, 50 // Cnťs cradle games,
210 // Cattle, 440, 441; breeding, 143 // Cave Bear Age, 13 // Caves, mythogenctic zone of, 396-99; paintings, 14, 66, 140-41, 258, 286-289, 299-312, 374-83; as temples, 397-99 Celibacy, 78 // Celto-Gcrmanic mythology, 7, 239, 431— 434 // Central America, 14 // Central excitatory mechanisms (CEMs), 37, 48 // Ceram, 173-76, 178, 182, 442, 443 Ceremonials, and collective sentiments, 33-34 Ceylon, 9 Chalchihuitzli, 458 Chamberlain, Houston Stewart, 12 Champollion, Jean Francois, 13 Chancelade Man, 374, 378 Chanhu-daro, 434, 435 Chant, 189, 196, 247, 250 Chapellc-aux-Saints cave, see La Chapelle-aux-Saints cave Charcot, Jean Martin, 16 Chartres Cathedral, 107, 299 Chavin culture, 457 Checker motif, 435, 441 Chevsur, 345 Chicken, 172 // Chicks, reactions of, 31, 32, 34, 35, 44, 48 // Chicomecohuatl, 222 Chilcotin Indians, 277 Childbirth, see Birth Childe, V. Gordon, 443 Childhood, 60; fear of dark, 65—66; imprints, 78-88; play, 22-23, 26, 29, 31, 34, 40, 68 Chile, 207, 208 Chimalman, 457—58 Chimera, 437 // Chimpanzee, 358—59, 391, 469 Chimu period, 214—15 // 492 // China, 148, 202, 211, 215, 439; mythology, 7, 105, 109, 149, 233-34, 257-258, 290, 419; Peking Man, 360-01, 392, 394, 395; as zone of diffusion, 440—44, 451-57 Choukoutien Cave, 360—61, 441 Chretien de Troyes, 333-34 Christianity, 7, 9, 10-11, 71, 82, 112, 182—83, 292; see also Roman Catholic Church Church Militant, 82, 240 Cicatrization, 117 Cincalco, 460 Cipriani, Lidio, 368—69 Circe, 373-74, 440 Circe,
Monte, 373 Circle, 141, 146, 441 Circumcision, 93—99, 108, 110 ff., 116, 117, 319-20 Citlallatonac, 457 // City state, hieratic, 144-50, 164, 168, 178, 212 8., 234, 294, 334, 348, 353, 404—105, 411, 437, 439, 451-57, 470 Civet cat, 365, 368 ff., 385 Classic horizon, 213, 215 Classical scholarship, 8, 9 Claustrophobia, 66 Clay, 72-73, 95, 101, 271 Cleanliness, 71 Clitoridectomy, 320 Cloth, 137 Clouds, 86 Clovis Flute, 363 Clowns, 72-73, 238, 239, 274 Cnossus, 427 // Coconut, 171, 173, 189, 191-95, 198-199, 203, 207-208, 209, 211, 231 Cceurdoux, Father, 9 Cohen, Marcel, 11 n. // Collecting, urge for, 72 Collective unconscious, 32, 48 Colombia, 208, 221 Combe Capelle Man, 374 Community, and participation, 82 Conception, questions concerning, 83—84 Conjuring, 196 // Consciousness, 65, 87; continuum of, 67, 81; infantile, 67-68, 78; and seizure, 22-23, 25, 27 Consecration, 23—24, 28 Cook, James, 196 Cook Islands, 198 Coomaraswamy, Ananda K., 199 Coon, Carleton S., vi, 310, 364-65, 374 Corn, origin of, 216-20; see also Maize Cornwall, 430 Cortes, Hernando, 461 Cosmetics, 43, 409, 422 Cosmology, 7, 12, 86, 91 Cosmos, order of, 146—50, 178—83, 404— 405, 453-55, 467-69 Cotton, 206, 207, 209, 211 ff. // Courtet de l’lsle, 12 Courtship, 40, 47-48 Cow, 140, 142, 411,438 Cowdung, 72 // Coyote, 276, 330, 377, 417; influence of moon upon, 58 Crab, Lady, 368 // Creation, children’s questions concerning. // INDEX // 83-84; myths of, 10, 15, 103-111, 231-40, 353; from nothing,
86-87 Creative mythology, 7 Creek Indians, 277 Crescent, 446, 449 // Crete, 13, 14, 69, 70, 143, 148, 184, 202, 215, 449; ritual regicide, 427-29, 431 Crisis, shamanistic, 252-53, 265 Crocodile*worship, 137 Cro-Magnon man, 6, 14, 374; Aurigna-cian stage, 374—75; Magdalenian stage, 377—79; Solutrean stage, 376—77 Cross, 111, 141, 142, 147, 428 Crow Indians, 229, 289 Cuckoo, reactions of, 35 Culture, and old age, 123—24 Culture area theory, 15 Curtin, Jeremiah, 162 Curtis, Natalie, 242-43 Cycladic Isles, 429 Cylinder seals, 408, 411 // Dakota Indians, 463 // Damu (Damuzi-absu), 412, 413, 425, 426 Dances, 189, 366, 436 Dancing ground, 66, 95-96, 171, 173-175, 242, 253, 304, 311, 397, 471 Dante, 148 Danu, 431 // Darfur, 151, 152, 153, 161 Darkness, 57, 62; fear of, 65-66 Darnuba, 151 // Dart, Raymond, 359—60, 392 Darwin, Charles, 13, 361 Dawn, 57 // Death, 3, 15, 60; anthropology of, 125— 128; “dead following,’’ 419; descent and return of maiden, 170—76, 186; and hunters, 125-26, 128, 129, 180; monster eel, 190-202; mythological event, 176-83; and old age, 118-23, 128—31; and Persephone myth, 183— 190; and planters, 126-28, 129, 176-183, 350—53; pre-Columbian America, 216—25, 457—60; psychology of, 124— 125; questions concerning, 342—43, 349; and rebirth, 66—67; and resurrection: 15, 55, 101, 143, 212, 254, 368, 461; of king, see Kingship; of moon, 58, 180, 390 Decimal system, 147 Deer, 330 // Defecation, 71, 269-70, 301, 302 Defloration, 320 Deluge,
3 // Dema, 170, 173, 176-77, 180 ff., 186, 188, 211, 220, 230-31, 411 Demeter, 101, 183-85, 189, 287, 425, 440 // Desí, 462, 464, 470 Desmond, Earl of, 432 Destruction, bodily, 68 Devi, 437 // Devil, the, 12, 72, 79-80, 273-74 Dharma, 149, 438, 464-68 Diamond-Cutter Sutra, The, 234 Diana, 62-64, 432 // Differences, and innate releasing mechanisms, 45-46 Diffusion, 15, 16, 135, 138, 233, 348, // INDEX // 493 // 353, 365, 375, 381, 386, 390, 392, 396, 418-20; northeastward, 439-60; northwestward, 427—34; vs. parallel’ ism, 202-215; southeastward, 434—39; southwestward, 420—27 Diodorus Siculus, 161, 164 Dionysos, 101, 183, 189 Doctrine of the Mean, 453 Dogs, 138, 172, 173, 255, 266, 379, 402, 423, 439, 441; Eskimo, maturation of, 36, 467; influence of moon upon, 58; in initiation rites, 95 Doh, Great Shaman, 275 Dolmens, 447 Domestication, 401 Dong-son, 215, 457 // Dordogne, 299-300, 312, 342, 343, 348-349 // Dove, 142, 143, 258, 328, 368, 398-99 Drachenloch cave, 341, 347 Dravidian culture sphere, 168 Dream time (Altjeringa), 88, 89, 93 ff., 112, 318 // Dreams, 57, 73, 75, 116, 130, 180, 236, 377-78; of childhood, 79-80; shamanistic, 243-44 Druids, 433 // Drums, 137, 170, 186, 189, 196, 211, 220, 321 Dubois, Eugéne, 14 Duckling, reactions of, 35, 36 Ducks, 330 Dungi, 412, 413 Duruthy, Grotto of, 378 Duty (dharma), 438, 465—72 Dwarfs, 239 Dyaks, 211 // Eagle, 120, 212, 298, 404 Earth, influence of moon upon, 58; as mother, 66—67; value of materials derived from, 72; see
also World Earth-diver theme, 274—75 Easter Island, 137, 138, 190, 201-202, 204-205, 208, 209 Eating, conception through, 83-84; of filth, 72; and initiation rites, 98 Eckholm, Gordon F., 215 Eclipse, 394 Ecstasy, 257, 263, 437 Eddas, 10, 107, 120-21, 276, 281 Edith Range, 255 Education, aim of, 467—68 Eel, monster, myths of, 190-202, 301 Ego, expansion of concept, 89; infantile, 467; masculine, 389; sense of, 82, 109-110 // Egypt, 13, 70, 78, 148, 202, 212, 215, 274, 403; Egyptology, 8; mythology, 7, 149, 161, 163, 400, 410, 424-27; as zone of diffusion, 422—27 Ehringsdorf, 373, 394 Einstein, Albert, 179 Ekur, 416 El Obeid, 151 Electra, legend of, 77 Elementary ideas, 32, 34, 37, 48, 111, 112, 116, 122, 130, 256, 264, 461, 472 Elements, 212, 452—53 Elephant, 8, 328, 334 // Eleusis, mysteries of, 184, 185 Eliade, Mircea, 252, 257 Eliphaz the Temanite, 41 Ellis, William, 13 Emily Gap, 318 Empedocles, 452 Engram, 32, 465 Engwura ceremony, 113 Enki, 416, 417 Enlil, 416, 417 Ephesus, 63 Erech, 144 Ereshkigal, 413 ff. // Ergamenes, 161, 162 Eridu, 144 Erintja, 98 // Eritrean Culture Zone, 421—22 Eskimo dogs, maturation of, 36, 468 Eskimos, 52-54, 231, 241, 243-45, 294, 297, 319, 332-33, 348, 471 Esthonian language, 9 Estrogen, 37 Ethiopia, 151, 152 // Ethnic ideas, 32-33, 37-38, 111, 130, 264, 462-63, 473 Ethnology, 5, 23, 33 Ethology, 38 Euboulcus, 184 // Eucharist, 23-24, 80, 182, 185-86 // Europe, 135 // Evans, Sir Arthur, 14 // Eve, 24, 104, 115, 116, 121, 191 // Evil,
73 // Evolution, 357, 361, 362, 393 Excrement, 174; fascination with, 71-73 Experience, imprints of, see Imprints Ezekiel, Book of, 368 // Face, of God, 51; infant’s reaction to appearance of, 46; mobility of, 39 Fagatu, 195 Fairies, 431-32, 440 Fairservis, Walter A., Jr., 136 n. // Fairy tales, 11, 68, 75, 161-64 // Familiars, 266 // Family romance, 77—78, 86 // Fantasy, 68, 92, 255 // Fariua-a-Makitua, 195-96 // Far-li-mas, 153-60, 163, 187, 428 // Fasting, 117, 229, 241, 243-44 // Father, and Oedipus complex, 77-78 // Fay urn, 422 // Female, see Women // Fenris-Wolf, 281 // Fertile Crescent, 401, 422 // Festivals, 21, 23, 25, 28, 147, 196 // Fezzan, 304 // Fianna, 162 // Fighting, 47 // Fiji, 207 // Filth, 71-73 // Finger sacrifices, 117, 229-30, 289, 375 Finnish language, 9 // Fire, bringer of, 267-81, 368, 369, 384-385; first use of, 360-61, 371, 392-93, 395; goddess of, 336, 338-39, 342-43, 393-94, 396, 431, 441; new, 152 ff., 157, 160, 168-69, 395, 450-51; // -sticks, 94, 98, 116, 169, 272, 277, 417; -theft, 3, 191, 279-81, 368, 390 // 494 // INDEX // First-fruits, 221 Fish, 201, 326, 388 Five, as ritual number, 147—48, 176 Flight from danger, 47 Flour, 186—89 Flowers, 140 Flutes, 221 Folklore, 5, 8, 68, 137 Folktales, 75, 432-34 Folsom Point, 363 Fontéehevade skull, 362 Food, of cannibalistic culture stratum, 172—73; forbidden, 98; gathering, 136, 203; and goddesses, 185-90, 222-25; origin of, 173-76, 180, 186, 191-202, 216—20; seeking, 47—48; see also Eating
// Formative Horizon, 213 Formosa, 202 Four, as ritual number, 77 Fowl, 138 // Foi, 277-78, 330; influence of moon upon, 58 // France, 14, 66, 140, 258, 286-89, 299-302, 305-312, 324-26, 342, 362, 378-379, 393 Franco-Cantabrian zone, 397—98 Frankfort, Henri, 400, 401, 411, 412 n., 416 // Franklin, Benjamin, 40 Frazer, Sir James George, 14, 15, 17, 164, 183, 184, 187, 221-25, 353, 427-28, 431 Freud, Sigmund, 16-17, 32, 36, 65, 72, 73-74, 80, 86, 123, 256, 464; school of, 58-59, 62, 64-65, 76-78, 99-100, 108 // Frobenius, Leo, 15, 22-23, 125-28, 130, 151, 161, 163-64, 166-68, 171, 204-205, 220, 296-97, 304, 313-14, 331, 340, 345-46, 351-52, 372, 377, 421, 422, 451 Fuhlrott, Johann Karl, 13 Fuji, fire-goddess, 336, 338—39, 393 Fuji, Mount, 338-39, 393 Funerals, Ainu, 343-44 // Gabs, A., 345 Gaia, 183 // Gandharva Tantra, 24 Garden of Eden, 24, 191, 278, 385 Garrod, Dorothy, 136 Gate, 140 // Gazelle, 142, 359-60, 400, 435 Geb, 424 Geese, 257, 330 // Genesis, Book of, 64, 103-104, 109, 121, 144, 182, 322 Geometrical motifs, 141, 328, 376, 381, 402, 423 Germanic language, 9 Germanic mythology, 11, 120, 239, 258, 276 // Germany, 13, 339, 341, 347, 362, 378, 393 // Gertrude of Helfta, St., 82 Gestation, and initiation rites, 89; length of, 39; mystery of, 59 Ghosts, 126, 129, 344, 370-71, 379 Giant graves, 429 // Ciants, 239 Gibbon, 358 // Gibraltar, straits of, 399, 428 Gifts, giving and receiving, 72 Giles, Peter, 11 n. // Gillen, F. J., 94, 103, 113, 114-15, 126, 254-55 Gimil-Sin,
412, 413 Gladwin, Harold S., 363 Goat, 136, 138, 140, 142-13, 172 Gobineau, Count Arthur de, 12 Goddess, cannibal, 68—69, 70, 71; figures of, see Art, female form; fire, 336, 338-39, 342-43, 393-94, 396, 441; and food, 173-76, 185-90, 222-25; mother-goddess, see Nlother.goddess; water, 62, 64 Gods, and game of “as if,” 21, 24—27; masked, 230 ff., 241; names of, 85-86; Sorcerer of Trois Frěres, 309—311; as supernormal sign stimuli, 43 Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, 17, 95 Gold, 72, 430, 448 Gold Coast, 346-47 Goldi people, 314 Golgotha, 107, 111 Good, 73 Gorgon, 211 GoriUa, 358 // Gorodcov, V. A., 327, 328 Gourds, 196, 206, 207, 209, 213, 443, 444 // Grain, 160, 172, 401-102; agriculture, 135—38, 437; and earth as mother, 66; and ritual, 185—88 Graves, see Burial; Tombs Gravity, force of, 57 Grayling, and sign stimuli, 43, 75 Great Spirit, 217, 218, 240, 244, 274-275, 298 // Greece, 14, 161, 162, 438; comedy, 196; language, 9; mythology, 7, 9 ff., 32, 101-102, 108, 110, 143, 183-90, 197, 239, 276, 278-80; tragedy, 50-51, 196 Gregory of Nyssa, 398-99 Grimaldi, Grottes de, 325-27 Grimaldi Man, 374 // Grimm, Jacob and Wilhelm, 11, 34, 162 Grinnell, George Bird, 282—83, 294 Group affiliation, 36, 241-12, 291 Guanaco, 249—50 // Guardians, and play, 25; threshold, 68-69, 137, 393, 445-48, 450-51 Guattari, grotto of, 373 Gugalanna, 414 Guilt, 178, 181 Guinevere, Lady, 333 GuUs, variations in, 45 GunZ’Mindcl interglacial, 361 Gupta period, 439 // KKсKKK, vii // Hactcin,
232, 234-40, 281, 292 Haddon, A. C., 335 Hades, 183, 185, 188 Hadramaut, 163—64, 190 Haeckel, Ernst Heinrich, 361 Hain, 315-17, 321 // Hainuwele, myth of, 173-76, 182. 183, 188-89, 190, 197, 211, 426, 443 // index // 495 // Hairlessncss, human, 38—39 Halaf ware, viii, 141, 142-43, 402, 403, 428, 449, 4SI HallowcU, A. J., 345 Hamlet, 78 Hancar, Franz, 314 Han Empire, 215, 457 Harappa, 434-35, 436, 455 Harmony, Chinese view of, 453—55 Harp, 406, 407, 411, 452-53 Harpoon, 378 Harrison, Jane E., 184 Harvest festivals, 187 Hauptmann, Gerhart, 55 Hawaii, 119-20, 128, 129, 190, 199-201, 202, 205, 209, 393 Hawks, 31, 32, 34, 35, 44, 48, 426, 447, 450 // Head, rapid growth of, 39 Headhunting, 77, 170, 177-78, 210, 321, 373, 385, 394, 442, 444 Hearth, 338, 393, 395 Heaven, 71, 212, 454-55 Hebrews, mythology, 107 K-; names, 85; // religion, 9, 10, 291, 322, 353 Heidelberg Man, 361, 392 Hcine-Geldern, Robert, 148, 203, 211— 212, 385, 386, 440, 442 ff., 456-57 Hekate, 183 ff. // KKї, goddess, 68, 276, 281 Helen of Troy, 258 Hell, 71, 72, 212 Helwan, Egypt, 136, 402 Hephaistos, 280 Hera, 101 Herakles, 9, 191 Herbs, 272 Hermes, 276, 416-17 Hero, 3, 274-81, 290-91; death and resurrection of, see Kingship, ritual regicide Herodotus, 70 // Hertz, Heinrich Rudolph, 40 Heyerdahl, Thor, 209 Hieroglyphs, 13, 201, 423 Hina, myth of, 191-97 Hinduism, 25, 71, 80, 148, 234, 239, 293, 435 ff., 439, 462, 464 Hippolytus, Bishop, 185 Historic horizon, 214, 215 History, and mythology, 3—5; and
shaman, ism, 263—65 Hittites, 330 // Hokan language group, 209 Holidays and holy days, 25, 147 Holmbcrg, Uno, 345 Homer, 427 Homeric hymns, 10 // Hominization, zone of, 357—58, 386, 392 // Homosexuality, 78 // Homunculus, 95 // Hophrat-en-Nahas, 152 // KKрі Indians, 230 // Hörmann, Konrad, 341 // Hormones, and sexual appetite, 37 // Horns, 300, 303, 304, 309, 316, 436 // Horoscope, 212 // Horse, 136, 197 // Horus, 70, 423, 426 // Housebuilding, 139, 402 // Houshken, shaman, 246-48 // Housman, A. E., 40-42 // Hrdlicka, Ales, 363 // Hrozny, Bedřich, 427 // Huaca Prieta, 205-206, 209, 443, 444 // Huang Kі, 451-52, 454 // Hudson Bay, 52, 53-54, 245 // Hugershof, Dr., 346 // Huitzilopoclitli, 223 // Huizinga, Johan, 23, 26-27, 130, 418-419 Hula, 196 Humanism, 11, 15 // Hunters, 59, 136, 138-39, 141, 204-205, 400-401; bear cult, see Bear; and death, 125-26, 128, 129, 180; magic, 66, 126, 301—312, 375; mythology, 66, 286-95, 300-301, 331, 347-350, 377-79, 389; Neanderthal, 371-372; rites, 77, 319-22, 325, 360; shamans, 229 ff., 240-12, 249-51, 253, 275, 470 // “I,” concept of, 109-110 Ibis, 426 Ibi-Sin, 412, 413 Ibsen, Henrik, 17, 115 Iceland, 10, 107, 108 Idea, Platonic, 292, 378  Siu6ariu*c* shaman, 52, 54, 55, 231, 241, 243—45, 294, 297, 332, 348, 470 Igorots, 211 Ikat weaving, 210 I-kun-uh’-kah-tsi society, 286, 294 Ilabrat, 416 Ilbalintja Soak, 106 Image, inherited, see Inherited image Imbclloni, José, 363 Immaturity, 39-40 Immolation, 164—69 // Immortality,
180, 239, 291, 447; and labyrinth, 69 Imprints, 36, 47, 387, 388, 396-97, 465; childhood, 78-88; force of life on earth, 57—61; infancy, see Infant; old age, 118—31; suffering and rapture, 50-57; transformation of child into adult, see Initiation rites Ina, 198-99 // Inanna, 413-18, 425 ff., 436 lncas, 208, 215 Incest, 78 // India, 117, 148, 202, 208, 212, 215; and birth imagery, 62—63; love, power, and virtue, 465-72; mythology, 7, 10, 11, 70, 105, 107 ff., 149, 165, 334, 452; religion, 24, 25, 72, 82, 85-86, 234, 258, 291-92, 435-36, 438-39, 454, 461-69; as zone of diffusion, 434-39, 455 // Indians, North American: buffalo dance, 282-86, 289-95, 389; mythology, 13, 73, 74-75, 77, 216-20, 227, 229, 231-40, 241, 249, 271, 277, 324, 330, 394, 428, 462; shamanism, see Shamans Indissociation, 25, 80-81, 85, 305 Individual, and cosmos, 179; in hunting and planting societies, 240 ff.; and needs of society, 33—34, 90, 370—71; // 496 // INDEX // Individual (continued) // as seat of deity, 24; and sign stimulus, 30-31, 37-38; and thresholds of life, 60-01 // Individuality, and fear of the dark, 65 Individuation, 81 Indo-Aryan mythology, 10 Indo-China, 137, 215 // Indo-European (Indo-Cermanic, Aryan), mythology, 11; philology, 9; tribes, 13, 434, 438 // Indonesia, 137, 165, 183, 186, 189-90, 197, 202, 230, 442-43 Indra, 393 // Infant, adult reaction to, 47; maturation of, 36-37; reactions of, 46; imprints on: birth, 59, 61-67, 122; bliss at mother’s breast, 67—71; castration
fear, 73—76; fascination with excrement, 71— 73; Oedipus complex, 76—78 Inherited image, innate releasing mechanism, 30-38, 42-45, 48, 59, 66, 75, 292, 465; supernormal sign stimulus; 38-49 // Initiation rites, 66, 121, 183, 253, 289-290, 311; Andamanese, 370; circumcision, 93-99, 108, 110 ff., 116, 117, 319-20; and local group, 88-93; and plant world, 170-71, 178, 242; return to community, 112—16; as stage of primitive society, 319-22; subincision, // 102-103, 180, 115 ff.; transference of birth image, 88—90 Innate releasing mechanism (IRM), 30— 38, 42-45, 48, 66, 75, 292, 465 Inquisition, 10 Insanity, 255 Instinct, 36-37 Instinct crossing, 58—59 Inlichiuma ceremony, 318 Intoxication, 189, 459 Introversion, 256 Iran, 435, 437, 455 Iraq, 136, 142, 163, 402 Ireland, mythology of, 10, 162. 431—34, 440; New Grange, 65, 70, 430-31 Ishtar, 70, 143, 166, 368, 369, 385, 388, 412, 425 // Isis, 62, 70, 143; and Osiris, 424-27; // and suffering, 56 Islam, 7, 71 // Isomorphs, 35, 40, 58, 59, 76 Isyach Festival, 262 Ivan, Alexeyev, 267 Ivan, Popov, 261-63 lyonumde festival, 336 // Jack the Giant Killer, 77 Jackal, 377, 426; influence of moon upon, 58 // Jackbean, 208 James, William, 253 // Japan, mythology, 7, 334—39, 343—44, 348, 349, 393; play, 26-27, 418; religion, 82 Java, 14, 172, 215, 443, 444 Java man, 361, 372, 392, 394 Jayavarman VII, 457 Jebel Bes Seba, 400 Jehovah, 12 // Jensen, Adolf, 171, 172-78, 181, 190 264, 440 Jericho, vii, 138 n. // Jerusalem, Temple
of, 368 Jesse, Tree of, 107 // Jesus Christ, 9, 23-24, 80, 107, 111 112, 121, 143, 182, 273-74, 299, 41A 463 Jicnma, 208 // Jicarilla Apache, 73, 74—75, 231—40, 249 Job, 279 // John, Gospel according to, 86 Jones, Sir William, 9 Joshua, 9 // Joyce, James, v, 50, 388, 470-71 Judaism, 7, 11 // Jung, C. G., 16, 31-32, 48, 123-25, 274; // school of, 65 Jupiter, planet, 146, 166, 404, 405, 452 // Kabbala, 85 Kaila, E., 46 Kali, 68, 70 Kama, 464-71 Kamake, 196 Kangaroo, 89, 92, 95, 116 Kanishka, Emperor, 439 Kant, Immanuel, 28 Kapila, 452 Kapiton, Pavlov, 266 Karora, legend of, 106—108 Kash, destruction of, 152-61, 162, 164, 186, 187 Kaska Indians, 277, 339 Kassites, 161 Katha Vpanishad, 333 Kathodos, 185 Keats, John, 41 Kena Upanishad, 51 Kerényi, Carl, 190 // Key-tumbler structures, 35, 37, 39, 44 // Kicking Monster, 74, 77 // Kidder, A. V., quoted, 204 // Kierkegaard, Siiren, 17 // Kiev, 141, 257 // Kilauea, 393 // Küdare. 431-32 // Killcr-of-Enemies, 74—75, 77 // Killing, 177-78 // Kinalik, shaman, 244 // King William Land, 53 // Kingfisher, 278, 368 // Kingship, 135, 144, 147 ff., 212, 404-405, 431; New Grange burial mound, 65, 70, 430-31; ritual regicide, 152-169, 395, 405-418, 419, 420-21, 424-429, 438, 449 Kish, 144 // Kitchener, Lord, 151 Klein, Melanie, 68 Knife edge, 333-34 Knight, W. F. Jackson, 69 Knock an Ar, 432 Knockainy, 432 // Koch-Grunberg, Theodor, 220—21 Koenigswald, Ralph von, 361 Kohler, Wolfgang, 35, 358-59, 366, 391, 469 // Konnor, shaman, 265—66
Kon-Tiki Expedition, 208-209 // INDEX // 497 // Kordofan, 151, 152 Kore, 183, 186 Kostyenki, 329, 338 Kramer, S. N., 412 n. // Krapina, 373, 394 Krickeberg, W., 362-63 Krieger, Alex D., 205 K., 206 Krishna, 80 // Kroeber, A. L., 205, 209-210, 335 Kronos, 102 Ksar Amur, 304 // Ksenofontov, G. V., 251-52, 256-57, 258-60, 261-63, 265-67 Kuhn, Herbert, 307-308, 310, 329, 344-345, 374 Kulluballi tribe, 346 Kurgans, 429, 438, 444 Kurnai tribe, 319 Kyane, spring of, 101 // Labyrinth, 65, 68-70, 74, 119, 122, 129, 137, 189, 196, 197, 211, 328, 330, 331, 388, 428, 445 La Chapelle-aux-Saints cave, 342, 343, 348, 349 Ladies of the Lake, 62 La Ferrassie cave, 342, 348, 349 Lagash, 144 Lakshmi, 328, 334 Lalanne, G., 287 Lancelot, Sir, 333 // Land of the dead, 3, 68-69, 70, 137, 183, 373, 423, 445 Land of Youth, 433-34 Land-ndma, 199, 347, 369 Languages, see Philology Lapouge, Count Georges Vacher de, 12 Lapp language, 9 Lartet, Edouard, 14 // Lascaux cave, 258, 286—87, 300—301, 302, 304-312, 345-46, 378, 379, 397-398 // Latin language, 9 Laussel, Venus of, 287—88, 324 Layard, Sir Austen Henry, 13 Layard, John, 444-45, 446 Leakey, L. S. B., vi, 364 “Legend of the Destruction of Kash, The,” 152-61, 162, 164, 186, 187 Le-hev-hev, 450-51 Le Moustier cave, 342, 348-49 Leopard, 346-47 Lcs Hoteaux, Grotto of, 378 Lespugue, Venus of, 326, 327 Light, 57, 62, 66, 86 Lima bean, 208 Lime, 210 Lingam, 437, 438 Linton, Ralph, 49 // Lion, 140, 298, 330, 340, 346, 368, 378, 379 // Litany of Loreto,
139—40 Little Hawk totem group, 94 Liturgical arts, 147, 436 Lizard, 199 Llamas, 137, 212 // Local group, system of sentiments of, 88— 105, 116-18, 461-64, 467 Lohengrin, legend of, 258 Loki, 11, 276, 281 // Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, 216 Lorenz, Konrad, 40, 47 Love, 465-72 Lowie, Robert H., 289 Lozenge, 435 // Luebo Pygmies, 296-97, 304 Lungshan culture level, 441, 455-56 Luritja tribe, 302 Luther, Martin, 10 Lyre, 417 // Ma’at, 149 // MacCool, Finn, 432, 433 MacCulloch, J. A., 431—32 Macha, 432 // Madagascar. 137, 138, 202 Madonna, 68, 71, 73, 77 Magdalenian period, 312, 323, 377-79 Magic, 139, 196, 449; Blackfoot buffalo dance, 282—86, 289—95; and death, 126, 128; and fecundity, 59; hunting, 66, 301—312, 375; psychological base of, 80-81; shamanistic, 242-51, 263 Magpie, 285, 286, 290-91 Magyar language, 9 Mahabharala, 438 // Maiden, descent and return of, 170—76, 4SI; and serpent, 384-91, 401, 446 Maize, viii, 137, 138, 205 K., 208, 230-231; origin of, 216-20,221-25,289,457 Make-believe, 22-23, 359 Maki ceremonials, 445—51 Malabar, 165, 190 Malay Peninsula, 442 // Malayo-Polynesian linguistic complex, 137, 201-202, 203 Male, see Man // Malekula, 68-69, 70, 129, 137, 393, 444-51 Malinowski, Bronislaw, 76 Mal’ta, 257, 329-31, 349, 376, 387-88 MaUtanas, 449 Maltese cross, 141, 142, 428 Mammoth, 324, 327, 328 ff., 363, 376, 377 // Mammoth and Woolly Rhinoceros Age, 13, 14 // Man, fear of woman, 59—60; and instinct crossing, 58—59; in Jicarilla Anache myth,
235—36; and Oedipus complex, 77-78 Mangaia, 198 Mangareva, 208 Mangelsdorf, Paul C., 205 n. // Mangulagura, 318 // Manhood, transformation into, see Initiation rites Manioc, 220 // Mann, Thomas, 5-6, 8, 17, 18, 21 // Manu, 12 // Marble, 72 // Marett, R. R., 23 // Marga, 462, 464, 471 // Mariana Islands, 206 // Marind-anim, 170-71, 182, 184 // Market towns, 143-46 // Maro festival, 174—75 // Marquesas, 117 // Marriage, 395; ritual, 146, 186 // Mars, planet, 146, 404, 452 // 498 // Mary, Virgin, 63, 140, 143, 258, 274 Mary Magdalene, 418 Masks, 21, 28, 301, 321; infant’s reaction to, 46; Pueblo gods, 230 ff., 241 Mass, 23-24, 80, 182, 185-86, 224, 274 Mas’udi, ’K1K Abul Hasan ul-, 162-63 Materi*i prímu, 95 Mathematics, 135, 148, 203, 404 Mating, 47-48 // Matriarchy, 164, 165, 320, 322, 441 Matto Grosso, 363 // Maturation, mutations inhibiting, 38—39; stages of, 36-37, 60-61, 128-29; variation in rates of, 45—46 Maturity, 60, 124 Maugham, W. Somerset, 333 Maui, myth of, 191-95, 275, 301 Maurya period, 439 Max Muller, Friedrich, 17 Mayapan, League of, 214 Mayas, 212-14 Maze, 69 // Mean, Doctrine of, 453 Meander design, 326, 328, 429, 435, 441, 456 // Meditation, 55, 62-63, 65, 91, 139 Medusa, 187, 211 Megaliths, 70 // Meganthropus palacojavanicus, 361 Megara, 185, 186 Meiji-tcnno, Mikado, 419 Meillet, A., 11 n. // Melanesia, 209-210, 211, 242, 290, 321, 363 Melgart, 425 Melville, Herman, 17-18 Memory images, 31—32 Menghin, Oswald, 314, 331, 344-Í5, 386, 440 // Menstruation,
370, 372; fear of, 59, 103; // and moon, 58, 390 Mercury, god, 416 Mercury, planet, 146, 404, 452 Merimde, 422—23 Mermaids, 62 Meroe-Napata, 161 // Mesopotamia, 7, 9, 13, 143-50, 202, 212, 215, 411, 437 Metallurgy, vii, 204, 212 ff., 434, 437, 457 Metaphor, 42, 48, 54 Metaphysics, 28, 31, 439 Mexico, viii, 137, 208, 457-60 Mezin, 257, 326, 328, 376 Microlith, 381, 399 Mictlan, Lord of, 460 Middens, kitchen, 319, 368—69 Middle Ages, 71, 72, 95, 107, 162, 274, 299 // Middle America, 148; agriculture, 137, 138, 206, 212 ff.; mythology, 7, 290 Middle World, 261-62 Midgard Serpent, 281 Midsummer Eve, 432 Milesians, 431 Milomaki, legend of, 220—21 Mindel glaciation, 361 Mindel-Riss interglacial, 361 Ming, Emperor, 455 Minos, 427 // Minotaur, 65, 427-28, 449 // INDEX // Mirror, 101, 140, 458 Miss Muffett, 74 Missing Link» 14, 361 Missionaries, 54 Mixcoatl, 214 Moche period, 213 Mohcnjo-daro, 434, 435 Moksa, 470 Mokuola, 201 Monasticism, 73, 78 Money, collecting, 72 Monitor lizard, 365, 368 ff., 385 Monophyletists, 357 Monsoons, 367-68 Montesquieu-Avantes, 306 Mo’o, 200 // Moon, 143, 155, 157, 164 ff., 176, 180, 186, 191, 212, 236-37, 281, 315, 321, 367-68, 390, 420, 445, 446, 449-50; and city state, 146-47, 149, 404-405, 409, 411, 452, 453; and fire, 393-94; influence of, 58—59 Morocco, 347 Morrigan, 432 Mortality, 181 Moses, 9 // Mother-goddess, vii, 139-40, 143, 144, 314, 321, 328, 331-34, 375, 376, 387-388. 421, 437, 451; Ireland, 431-32; mythogenetic zone, 396-97; representations
of, see Art, female form; Ur, 413-18 // Mound burial, 65, 70, 428-31, 444 // Mount Carmel caves, 136, 383, 402 // Mountain, world, 148, 238, 239, 359, 438 // Mousterian period, 312 // Mouth, and central nervous structure, 46 // Mozambique, 165, 166 // Murder, 177-78 // Music, 147, 209-210, 211, 220-21, 222 ff., 411; Chinese pcntatonic scale, 453—54 Mycenae, 8, 143 // Mysticism, 52, 54, 82, 128, 256, 26 -64, 463 // Mythogenetic zones, 387, 435, 439, 451, 472; Capsian-microlithic, 399-401; goddess and temple-caves, 396-99; Neanderthal Man, 394—96; Near East, 401-418, 437; pithecanthropus, 392— 394; plesianthropus, 391—92 Mythology, archetypes, 32, 35; and cultural history of man, 3—5; death, see Death; hunters, see Hunters; and infancy, 61—78; initiation rites, 88—89, 92, 100-116, 170-71; and moon, 58; mother-goddess, see Mother-goddess; Oriental, Occidental, and creative, 7; origin myths, 10, 15, 74-75, 85-88, // 103-111, 173-76, 180, 186, 191-202, 216-25, 231-40, 315-17, 368; paleo-lithic, see Paleolithic age; planting, see Planters; play clement, 21—29; ritual regicide, see Kingship; scientific approach to, 8—18; serpent, see Snakes; and shamanism, see Shamans; and sign stimuli, 41, 42, 48; suffering and rapture, 50—57; and thresholds of life, 60-61; toothed vagina, 73-75, 77; universal order, see Universe, order of; woman and the world, 59—60 // INDEX // 499 // Naga, 436 Nagaijuna, 439 // Najagneq, shaman, 52-54, 97, 123, 241, 245, 249, 350, 470 Na-mbat,
450 // Names, new, 450; and reality, 85—86, 87 Nanna, 405, 416, 417 Napata, 422; Nap of, 152-61, 163 NatuSans, 136, 230, 383, 401-402 Navaho Indians, 231, 233 Nazca period, 213 // Neanderthal man, 13, 14, 67, 84, 88, 325, 339—12, 344, 388; mythogenetic zone, 394-96; Stage of, 365-74 Near East, 135, 190, 202-203, 212, 291, 314, 368; basal neolithic era, 138-40; hieratic city state, 144—50; high neolithic era, 140—14; mythogenetic zone, 401-418; proto-neolithic era, 136-38, 173 // Negroes, 32, 273 Neman, 432 // Neolithic Age, vi—vii, 43, 136-44, 173, 202-203, 211 ff., 233, 234, 401-404; zones of diffusion, 439—51 Nephthys, 424, 426 Neptune, god, 436 // Nervous system, 61; inherited structure in, 30-31, 34, 35-37, 46-17, 75-76 Neti, 414 // Neurosis, 32, 64-65, 73, 81, 253 New Britain, 388 New Grange, 65, 70, 430-31 New Guinea, 170-71, 211, 321 New Ireland, 211 New Mexico, 73, 205 n. // New Testament, see Bible New World, 203-215, 362-65, 372, 442-444, 456-57 New World Formative Period, 206—207, 213-15, 354 New Year Festival, 168 New Zealand, 190, 191, 202 Ngandong Man, 372, 385, 394 Ngatatara tribe, 98 Nicholas of Cusa, 51, 52, 54, 55 Nietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm, 17, 38, 40, 240, 274, 278-79, 281, 390, 466 Night, 57, 86, 377-78 Night hawks, 95 Nightmares, 75 // Nikitin, Michail Sawitch, 266—67 // Nine, as ritual number, 176, 189 // Nineveh, 13, 145 // Ninshubur, 415-16, 417 // Nirvana, 470 // Nixies, water, 62 // Noah, 9 // Nogi, Count and Countess, 419 Nomadism,
324 Nome, 52, 53 No-mind, state of, 470 Novalis (Baron Friedrich von Hardenberg), 17 Nubia, 151, 152, 428 Nubian desert, 304 Nuclear America, 207 Nucleus, of maze, 69, 70 Nukahiva, 18 Numbakulla, 113 // Numbers, Malayo-Polynesian, 202; ritual, 77, 147—48, 176, 189; systems of, 147 Nut, 424 Nyakang, 165 // Obeid ware, viii, 144, 402 Oberkassel skeletons, 378-79 Occidental mythology, 7 Ocher, 429, 438 Octavia, porticus of, 140 Odin, see Wotan Odysseus, 373, 440 // Oedipus complex, 76-78, 86, 91, 98, 99, 117 Oengus, 430 // Oglalla Sioux Indians, 242—43 O’Grady, Standish H., 163 Ogresses, cannibal, 68-69, 70, 71, 73, 75, 77 // Oisin, 432-34 // Ojibway Indians, 216-20, 230-31, 241, 289, 330 Okeanos, 183, 188 // Old age, 60; mythology, 118-23; psychology, 123—25 Old Man, legend of, 267-72, 323 Old Stone Age, 13 Old Testament, See Bible Olduvai Gorge, vi, 364 Olympus, 10, 71, 102, 148, 184-85, 189, 280 // Omar Khayyam, 82 // Ona tribe, 245-50, 260, 315-17, 321-22, 325 // One Blue Bead, 229 One Reed, 460 // Open structures, 36, 44, 47, 48, 75 Oracles, 420 Orangutan ... ...

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