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Bibliografická citace

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0 (hodnocen0 x )
BK
2nd ed.
Malden : Blackwell Publishing, 2000
xxix, 594 s. : il., grafy ; 24 cm

ISBN 0-631-22140-9 (brož.) ISBN !978-0-631-22140-1 (chyb.)
Information age, economy, society, and culture
Obsahuje tabulky
Obsahuje bibliografii na s. [512]-565, bibliografické odkazy a rejstřík
000075428
Contents // List of Figures xii // List of Tables xiv // Acknowledgments 2000 xvii // Acknowledgments 1996 xxvi // Prologue: the Net and the Self 1 // Technology, Society, and Historical Change 5 // Informationalism, Industrialism, Capitalism, Statism: // Modes of Development and Modes of Production 13 // Informationalism and capitalist perestroika 18 // The Self in the Informational Society 21 // A Word on Method 25 // 1 The Information Technology Revolution 28 // Which Revolution? 28 // Lessons from the Industrial Revolution 33 // The Historical Sequence of the Information Technology // Revolution 38 // Micro-engineering macro-changes: electronics and // information 39 // The creation of the Internet 45 // Network technologies and pervasive computing 51 // // The 1970s’ technological divide 53 // Technologies of life 54 // Social context and the dynamics of technological change 59 Models, Actors, and Sites of the Information Technology // Revolution 61 // The Information Technology Paradigm 69 // 2 The New Economy: Informationalism, Globalization, Networking 77 // Productivity, Competitiveness, and the Informational // Economy 78 // The productivity enigma 78 // Is knowledge-based productivity specific to the // informational economy? 80 // Informationalism and capitalism, productivity and // profitability 94 // The historical specificity of informationalism 99 // The Global Economy: Structure, Dynamics, and Genesis 101 Global financial markets 102 // Globalization
of markets for goods and services: // growth and transformation of international trade 106 Globalization versus regionalization 110 // The internationalization of production: multinational corporations and international production networks 116 // Informational production and selective globalization of // science and technology 124 // Global labor? 130 // The geometry of the global economy: segments and // networks 132 // The political economy of globalization: capitalist restructuring, information technology, and state policies 135 // The New Economy 147 // 3 The Network Enterprise: the Culture, Institutions, and Organizations of the Informational Economy 163 // Organizational Trajectories in the Restructuring of Capitalism and in the Transition from Industrialism to Informationalism 164 // From mass production to flexible production 166 // CONTENTS // ix // Small business and the crisis of the large corporation: myth and reality “Toyotism management-worker cooperation, multifunctional labor, total quality control, and reduction of uncertainty Inter-firm networking Corporate strategic alliances The horizontal corporation and global business networks // The crisis of the vertical corporation model and the rise of business networks Networking the networks: the Cisco model Information Technology and the Network Enterprise Culture, Institutions, and Economic Organization: East Asian Business Networks A typology of East Asian business networks Japan Korea China // Culture, organizations,
and institutions: Asian business networks and the developmental state Multinational Enterprises, Transnational Corporations, and International Networks The Spirit of Informationalism // 4 The Transformation of Work and Employment: Networkers, Jobless, and Flex-timers // The Historical Evolution of Employment and // Occupational Structure in Advanced Capitalist Countries: the G-7, 1920-2005 Post-industrialism, the service economy, and the informational society The transformation of employment structure, 1920-1970 and 1970-1990 The new occupational structure The maturing of the informational society: // employment projections into the twenty-first century // Summing up: the evolution of employment structure and its implications for a comparative analysis of the informational society Is There a Global Labor Force? // The Work Process in the Informational Paradigm 255 // The Effects of Information Technology on Employment: // Toward a Jobless Society? 267 // Work and the Informational Divide: Flex-timers 281 // Information Technology and the Restructuring of Capital-Labor Relations: Social Dualism or Fragmented Societies? 296 // Appendix A: Statistical Tables for Chapter 4 303 // Appendix B: Methodological Note and Statistical // References 338 // 5 The Culture of Real Virtuality: the Integration of Electronic
Communication, the End of the Mass // Audience, and the Rise of Interactive Networks 355 // From the Gutenberg Galaxy to the McLuhan Galaxy: the // Rise of Mass Media Culture 358 // The New Media and the Diversification of Mass Audience 365 Computer-mediated Communication, Institutional // Control, Social Networks, and Virtual Communities 371 The Minitel story: ľétat et ľamour 372 // The Internet constellation 375 // The interactive society 385 // The Grand Fusion: Multimedia as Symbolic Environment 394 The Culture of Real Virtuality 403 // 6 The Space of Flows 407 // Advanced Services, Information Flows, and the Global // City 409 // The New Industrial Space 417 // Everyday Life in the Electronic Cottage: the End of Cities? 424 The Transformation of Urban Form: the Informational // City 429 // America’s last suburban frontier 429 // The fading charm of European cities 431 // Third millennium urbanization: mega-cities 434 // The Social Theory of Space and the Theory of the Space // of Flows 440 // The Architecture of the End of History 448 // Space of Flows and Space of Places 453 // The Edge of Forever: Timeless Time 460 // Time, History, and Society 461 // Time as the Source of Value: the Global Casino 465 // Flex-time and the Network Enterprise 467 // The Shrinking and Twisting of Life Working Time 468 // The Blurring of the Life-cycle: Toward Social Arrhythmia? // 475 // Death Denied 481 // Instant Wars 484 // Virtual Time 491 // Time, Space, and Society: the Edge of Forever 494 // Conclusion: the Network Society 500 // Summary of the Contents of Volumes II and III 510 // Bibliography 512
INDEX :   Abbate, Janet, 38 (K39), 45 (K49) Abegglen, J. C., 191 (K79) // Abeies, Ronald P., 358 (nlO) Abelson, Harold, 72-3 Abolaffia, Michael Y., 188 (K72) Abrahamson, Jeffrey, 391 (ni08) Acorda, 56 // Adam, Barbara, 460, 475 (n45) Adleman, Leonard, 72 Adler, David E., 298 (nl38) // Adler, Gerald, 122 (n86), 129 (nlOl) Adler, Glenn, 301 (nl51) // Adler, Paul S., 257 (n51) // Adobe, 150 // advanced economies: automation, 254; FDI, 121; labor strategies, 254; productivity, 80-1; service employment, 220 Afghanistan War, 485 African countries, 19, 109, 115, 136, 140-1 // age factors: employment, 299-300, 473-5; Internet use, 377 Agence de ľlnformatique, 6 (K7) Aglietta, Michel, 95 (K36) agriculture, 16, 204, 218-19, 238, 267 // Alarcon, Rafael, 129 (nlOl) // Algerian War, 485 Allen, G. C., 12 (K20) // Allen, Jane E., 72 (K93) // Allen, Paul, 43 // alphabet, 355-6 Altair, 42-3 // Alvarado, Manuel, 366 (n44) // Amazon, 151, 158 America On-Line, 152, 370 Amin, Ash, 423 Amsdem, Alice, 193 (n93), 196 (nl06), 198 (nnl 14, 115), 200 (nl 18), 202 (nl21) // Anderson, A. E„ 35 (KKK), 419 (KKK) Anderson, K., 111 Andressen, Marc, 51 Anisimov, Evgenii, 461 (n6) // Aoki, Masahiko, 169 (n24), 171 Aoyama, Yuko, 218 (n3), 294, 419 (n31), 425 (n39) // APEC, 111,112-13 Appelbaum, Eileen, 256 (n46), 265-6 Appelbaum, Richard P., 198
(nll4) Apple Computers, 6 (n6), 42-3, 54, 64 Archibugi, D., 126 (K94) architecture, postmodernism, 448-9, 450-3 // Argentina, 66, 113-14, 144 Aries, Philippe, 481 Arkwright, Sir Richard, 35 Armstrong, David, 391 (nl07) // Aron, Raymond, 20 Aronowitz, Stanley, 271 (n77) // ARPA, 45, 54 // ARPANET, 6-7, 45-6, 47, 48-9, 371, 383 // INDEX // 567 // Arrieta, Carlos G., 444 (K76) // Arthur, Brian, 34, 35 (KKK), 74 (K99), 75, 78 (K4), 80 (KKK), 297 (KKKK), 419 (KKK) artificial intelligence, 74 ASDL technology, 396-7 Ashton, Thomas S., 30 (nl3) // Asian Money Supplement, 466 (n24) Asian Pacific: culture, 195-6; developmental state, 198-9; economic crisis, 134-5; financial markets, 138; manufacturing, 2, 278; networking, 189-90; politics, 143; state intervention, 127; trade, 111-13, 114-15; unemployment, 270; see also individual countries assembly lines, 258, 265 ATMs, 44, 263 ATT, 44, 148 Aum Shinrikyo, 23 automation: advanced economies, 254; assembly line, 258, 265; automobile industry, 264-5, 275; banking, 264; employment, 257, // 273-4, 418; office work, 262-4 automobile industry, 183-4, 261-2, 264-5, 275, 300 Aydalot, Philippe, 35 (KKK), 419 Ayrton, William, 11 Aznar, Guy, 271 (n77) // Bailey, Paul, 251 (KKK), 252 (K37) Baker, Hugh, 195 (nl02) // Balaji, R., 254 (K40) // Ball-Rokeach, Sandra J., 358 (K8) Banegas, Jesus, 69 (K84), 394 (nl23) Bangemann, Mr, 146-7 banking: assets/liabilities, 103; automation, 264; branch office closures, 427; internationalization,
103; offshore, 153; Spain, 264, 275; US, 88, 264 Bar, Francois, 31 (nl5), 68 (n78), 186,212,213 (nl47), 501 (nl) Baran, Barbara, 263 Baran, Paul, 45, 48, 167 Baranano, Ana M., 175 (K41) Barboza, David, 152 (nl25), 155 (n 130) // Barcelona: airport, 450-1; Paseo de Gracia, 456, 457-8 Bardeen, John, 40 Barglow, Raymond, 23 Barlow, John Perry, 386 Barr, Bob, 376 (n71), 428 (n58) Barthes, Roland, 403 Bartlett, Christopher, 208 Basalla, George, 80 (n 13) // Basque Country, 36 Batty, Michael, 376 (n71), 428 (n58) Baudrillard, Jean, 403, 486 Baumgartner, Peter, 76 (n 105) Baumol, W. J., 79 (K8) // Baym, Nancy, 390-1 Beasley, W. G., 11 (nl6), 196 (nl04) // Bell, Alexander Graham, 39 Bell, Daniel, 14,17 (n25), 25, 28, 29 (n4), 79 (n9), 80, 218 (n4) // Bell Laboratories, 40, 44, 48, 68 Belleville, Paris, 453-6 Belussi, Fiorenza, 167, 174 Bendixon, Terence, 426 (n51) Benetton, 168, 174, 265, 468 Beniger, James R., 25 (K43) // Benner, Chris, 288-9 Bennett, A., 175 (n43) // Benson, Rod, 392 (nl 14) // Benveniste, Guy, 178, 468 (n32) Berg, Paul, 54 Berger, J., 475 (K45) // Berger, Peter, 163 (nl) // Berners-Lee, Tim, 50 Bernstein, Jared, 235 (nlO), 252, 298 (nl39) // Bernstein, Michael A., 298 (nl38) Bertazzoni, F., 6 (K7) // Bessant, John, 273 1 Bettinger, Cass, 167 (nl2) // Bianchi, Patrizio, 6 (n7), 167 Bielenski, Harald, 290 (nil6) Biggart, Nicole Woolsey, 163 (n2), 164, 174, 188 (n72), 190, 192 (n85), 194 (n99), 195, 196-7, 206 (nl31) // Bijker, Wiebe E., 5 (K5) // Bina, Eric, 51
Biogen, 55 // 568 // INDEX // BioHybrid Technologies, 56 biology and computing, 73 biotechnology, 54-9, 148; see also genetic engineering Birch, David L., 167 (n 15) // Bird, Jane, 395 (nl24) // Birdzell, L. E., 34 (K25), 78 (nl), 93 (n32) // birth rates, 250, 440, 477, 478; see also infant mortality Bishop, Jenny E., 28 (K2), 56 (K58), 72 (K91) // Bison, I., 299 (nl45) // Black, Joseph, 33 (n22) // Blair, Tony, 144 // Blakely, Edward J., 64 (K70), 431 (K65), 447 (K78) // Blazejczak, Jurgen, 276 Bluestone, Barry, 221 (K8) // Blunder, Jay G., 359 (nl5) // Boden, Deirdre, 460 (nl) body spares, 56 // Bofill, Ricardo, 448, 450-1, 453 (n85) Bolivia, 113-14, 444-5 bonds and equities, 102-3 Booker, Ellis, 396 (n!32) books, 358, 361 Borges, Jorge Luis, 404 Borja, Jordi, 409 (n3), 410 (nl3), 431 (n67), 434 (n71) // Borjas, George F., 249 (K25) Bornstein, Lisa, 263 (K59) // Borrus, Michael, 67, 68 (K80), 122 (K85), 174 (K38), 186,212,213 (nl47), 423 Bosch, Gerhard, 267 (n66), 300 (n 149), 469, 470 (KK34, 36), 472 (K37) // Bosnia, 490 // Botein, Michael, 359 (n 16) // Boureau, Allain, 30 (nil) Bourgeois-Pichet, J., 478 Bouvier, Leon F., 249 (n25) // Bower, J. L., 209 (n 143) // Boyer, Christine, 455 Boyer, Herbert, 54 Boyer, Robert, 78 (n4), 95 (n36), 278-9 Boyett, Joseph H., 185 // Braddock, D. J., 237 (nl2) // Brand, Stewart, 491 (n75), 498 (n83) Brattain, Walter H., 40 Braudel, Fernand, 5 (n3), 101 Braun, Ernest, 38 (K39), 40 (K44) Braverman, Harry, 257, 262 (K56) Brazil,
66,113-14,144, 395 Breeden, Richard C., 465 (nl8) // BRIE, 116 (n77) // Britain: see UK Broad, William J., 68 (K79) broad-band transmissions, 186 Bronson, P., 65 (n72) // Brooks, Harvey, 28, 29 (n4) // Brown, Murphy, 404-5 Brynjolfsson, Erik, 90 Buddhism, 195 // Buitelaar, Wout, 256 (n46), 260 (n53) bulletin boards, 49, 50, 391 Bunker, Ted, 395 (n 124), 398 (nl38) Bunn, J. A., 34 (n24) // Burawoy, Michael, 256 (n46) // Burlen, Katherine, 449 (n81) // Bushnell, P. Timothy, 257 (n52) business centers, 431-2 business networks, 194, 211-12 business services, 86-7, 238-9, 242, 374 // Business Week, 39 (n41), 57 (K59), 58 (K60), 72 (K91), 88 (K24), 176 (K45), 180 (K54), 186 (KK65, 67), 255 (K45), 289 (K114), 375 (K70), 395 (KK127, 128), 396 (K132), 398 (KKK34, 138), 426 (K49), 427 (K54), 468 (KKKK, 31) // cable television, 367 Cailliau, Robert, 50 Calderon, Fernando, 22 Calhoun, Craig, 22 Cali cartel, 445 // California: employment patterns, 286-7, 286-90; Irvine, 457-8; PEN program, 392; San Francisco Bay, 62, 65, 67, 393; see also Silicon Valley // Camagni, Roberto, 35 (KKK), 419 (KKK), 422 Campbell, Duncan, 122 (n85), 131 // INDEX // 569 // (n 103), 133 (nl06), 164 (K4), 248 (n 19), 252 (ii37), 254 (K42) Camphy, J., 93 (KKK) // Campo Vídal, Manuel, 366 (K43), // 368 (K49), 491 (K76) // Canada: Defence Ministry, 488; employment, 224, 235, 316-17, 324, 348-9; industrial classifications, 340-3, 345; // NAFTA, 113; Northern Telecom, 44; occupational
structure, 235, 329; personal services, 230; productivity, 84; self-employment, 236-7 // Canals, Jordi, 102 (n57), 153 (nl27) Canary Wharf development, 414-15 Canby, E. T., 38 (K37) // Cantor, Muriel, 358 (n8) capital: cross-border controls, 102-3, 137-8; financial markets, 106; global, 504; informationalism, 106; internationalization, 96; multinational corporations, 136; restructuring, 256; time, 466-7 capital-labor relations, 19, 297, 300-1, 302, 506 capitalism, 210-11; deregulation, 101; global economy, 95 (n38), 160-1, 505-6; globalization, 140, 160—1, 504-6; industrialism, 14; informational, 14, 18, 20, 94-9; organization, 164-5; production, // 16, 502-3, 506-7; profit-maximizing, 16, 156, 160; restructuring, 1-2, 13, 60, 164-6, 265; Russia, 2, 140, 504; time, 464; see also advanced economies Cappelin, Ricardo, 411 Cappelli, Peter, 297 (n 135) // Capra, Fritjof, 58 (K61), 75 Cardoso, Fernando Henrique, 144, 145,395 Carey, M., 237 (nl2) // Carnoy, Martin, 98 (n46), 120 (n82), 216 (nl), 260 (n53), 269, 270, 271 (n76), 280 (nl03), 283 (nl06), 285, 290 (n 115), 290 (nl 16), 297, 298, 299-300, 301 (nl51), 473 (nn39, 41) // Carre, Jean-Jacques, 79 (n8) // Carreras, Albert, 36 (n34) // Carver, M., 487 (K67) // Case, Donald O., 372 (K53) // Castano, Cecilia, 256 (n47), 264, 275, 427 (n55) // Castells, Manuel, 6 (n7), 7 (n9), 18 (n27), 20 (KKK), 23 (K39), 25 (K45), 35 (KKK), 64 (K66), 66, 68 (K77), 69 (K83), 95 (KK37, 38), 98 (K46), 100 (K54), 111 (K69), 138
(nl 12), 140 (nl 16), 172 (KKK), 198 (nl 13), 199 (KK16), 202 (K122), 203 (K 123), // 220 (K7), 275 (K91), 382 (K75), 388 (K94), 392 (n 109), 393 (nl 19), 409 (KK), 411 (K14), 416 (KK23, 24, 25), 417 (K27), 419, 421,431 (K67), // 434 (K71), 436 (K72), 441 (K74), 454 (K87), 465 (K17), 473 (K39), 476 (K48), 486 (KKK), 501 (nl) Castillo, Gregory, 462 (K7), 463 (nil) Catalonia, 36-7 // Cats-Baril, William L., 373 (K60) Caves, Roger W., 431 (K64) // Celera Genomics, 57 cellular telephony, 44-5, 495 KKKK, 84, 88 (K23), 89, 90 (K26), 96, 97(K45), 133 (n 107) // Cerent, 181 // Cerf, Vinton, 47, 48, 52, 54, 375, 376 CERN, 50 // Ceruzzi, Paul, 38 (n39) // Cervero, Robert, 426 (n51) // Cetus, 55 // chaebol, 191-3, 201 // Chandler, Alfred D., 206, 209 // chaos theory, 74-5 // chat-lines, 374 // Chatterjee, Anshu, 367 (n46) // Chaudhary, Anja Grover, 361 (K24) // Chechnya, 485 (K61) // Chen, Edward K. Y., 202 (nnl21, // 122) // Chesnais, Frantjois, 96, 101 (n55), // 102 (n57), 106 (n64), 418 (n29), 465 (nl6), 466 Chida, Tomohei, 11 (nl4) // Child, John, 256 (n46) // Chile, 113-14, 144 // 570 // INDEX // Chin, Pei-Hsiung, 204 (nl25) // Chin, S. W., 193 (K92) // China, 8, 13; exports, 112, 114-15; Falun Gong, 7; family firms, 193-5, 204-5, 504; global economy, 143, 144, 185, 438; innovation, 11, 18 (n26); networking, 193-5, 205; // Pearl River Delta, 173, 438; state intervention, 9-10,196,197, // 201-2; technology, 7-10, 30 (nil), 34; television, 368;
trade, 110; WTO, 142; see also Hong Kong; Taiwan chips, 40, 41 // Chizuko, Ueno, 191 (n83) cholular, 495 Christensen, Ward, 49 Chrysler Jefferson North Plant, 261—2 chuki koyo, 255, 291-2, 293, 295, // 336 // Cisco Systems, 65, 180-4 cities, 424-5, 435; commuting, 426; Edge City, 430; European, 431-4; immigrants, 432, 433; informational, 429-34; telecommuters, 426; US, 429-31 citizens, 145, 392 Clark, Colin, 221 Clark, Jim, 51 // Clark, R., 191 (K80), 494 (K78) class relations: employment, 241, 256; occupational structure, 231, 232-7, 432, 433; production, 15 Clegg, Stewart, 163 (n2), 164 (n3), // ’ 167 (nl4), 189 (n73) // Clinton administration, 140, 142, // 144, 153 cloning, 54, 55-6 Clow, Archibald, 30 (nl3) // Clow, Nan L., 30 (nl3) clusters of innovation, 35-6, 54-5, // 59, 60, 64-6 CNN, 367 cocaine trade, 444-5 Cohen, Stanley, 54 Cohen, Stephen, 98, 111-12,112 (n74), 116 (n77), 121 (n83), 167, 170,174 (n38), 220, 252, 423 Cohendet, P., 185 (n61) // Colas, Dominique, 24 (n42) // Cold War, 1, 59-61 Collective Author, 292 (nl22), 292 (nl 25) // collectivism, 13-14, 16, 143 Colombia, 114, 445 Comision de nuevas tecnologias, 382 (n76) // Commission of the European Communities, 267 (n66), 268 commodity chains, producer-/buyer driven, 123 commodity trading, 109 communication, 15, 229; cognitive patterns, 402-3; culture, 357; electronic, 30 (nil), 153, 357; home-based, 408; interactive, // 356-7; networks, 71; real time, 491-2; symbolic, 15; technology, 52, 102, 128; television,
364-5; written, 355-6, 360; see also computer-mediated communication; Internet communitarian logic, 195 community, 387-8, 390-2, 455-6 Compaine, Benjamin, 373 (n55) Compaq, 150 // competitiveness, 98-9; global, 97-8 (n46), 177, 212; productivity, 98 (n47), 165-6,272 complexity thinking, 74-5 computer industry, 92-3, 122, 129, 186 // computer-mediated communication, // 21-2, 371-2, 375, 383-4, 390-4 computer sex, 391 // computers, 38 (n39), 42; and biology, 73; employment, 276-7; integrated circuits, 40; microprocessor, 40-1, 42-3, 54, 60; mouse, 48; networking, 44, 51-3, 186; see also information technologies Confucianism, 1, 193, 195, 201,467 Conn, Henry P., 185 Conseil d’Etat, 46 (n50), 356 (n3) consumerism, 214 // control centers, global economy, 409, 415 // Cooke, Philip, 411-12 // INDEX // 571 // Cooke, William, 38 (K37) // Cooper, Charles, 418 (ri28) cooperation, 172-4,175, 186-7, 207-9, 384 Coriat, Benjamin, 99 (n52), 122 (n85), 165,166, 169 (nn20, 24), 171,256, 257 (n49) // Corning, 150 corporations: see firms corruption, politics, 146 Council of Economic Advisers, 84 (nl6), 88 (n21), 89 (n25), 97 (n44) craft workers, 240 Cray, Seymour, 42 // creative destruction, 42, 99-100, 215 CREC, 150, 151 (n 124) // Crick, Francis, 54, 76 (nl05) crime, global/informational, 2, 150 Crocker, Stephen, 48 Crompton, Samuel, 35 cross-border transactions, 102-3, 137-8 // Croteau, David, 356 (n3), 363 cultural economics, 163-4 culture: Asian Pacific, 195-6; business, 169-70, 209-10; communication,
15, 357; community, 387-8; economic organization, 188-9; elites, 447; eternal/ephemeral, 492-3; localities, 427; mass media, 358-65; material, 28; networking, 214-15; space of flows, 447-8; virtual, 495 Cuneo, Alice, 398 (nl38) currency trading, 104 customer networks, 207 Cusumano, M., 169 (K22), 179 (K50), 184 (K56) // Cyclades program, France, 47 Cyert, Richard M., 267 (K66), 277 (K96) // Daikichi, Tanaka, 11 // Dalloz, Xavier, 374 (n67), 395 (nl24) // Daniel, W., 275 // Daniels, P. W., 116 (K79), 167 (nl2), 220 (K7), 409 (K5), 410 (KK9, 12), 414,416(K24) // Danton de Rouffignac, Peter, 209 (nl42) // Darbon, Pierre, 28 (n2) // DARPA, 6, 68 David, P. A., 80 (nl3) // David, Paul, 34, 85 Davies, Peter N., 11 (nl4) // Davis, Diane, 411 (nl6) // Davis, Mike, 430 day-traders, stock market, 154 De Anne, Julius, 206 (nl34) // De Bandt, J., 220 (K7) // De Conninck, Frederic, 472, 473 (n 3 8) // De Forest, Lee, 39 // De Kerckhove, Derrick, 356 (n3), 384 (n80), 392 Dean, James W., 260 (n53) death, 481-4, 488, 489 (K71); see also infant mortality Deben, Leon, 431 (n67) debt, 136, 140-1 December, John, 392 (n 114) decision-making, 260-1 deindustrialization, 134, 225 Dell Computers, 182-3 Dell-Direct World, 151 Denison, Edward F., 79 (K8) // Dentsu Institute, 398 (nl35), 401 (nl43) // Dentsu Institute/DataFlow International, 361 (n29), 367 (n45) deregulation, 101, 104, 137, 152-3 derivatives, 104, 138 Derriennic, J. P., 488 (n69) deskilling, 295-6 developing countries: FDI,
132-4; global economy, 132-5; IMF/World Bank, 143; multinational corporations, 120; trade imbalance, 108-10; see also Third World developmental state, 197-9 Deyo, Frederick, 198 (nll4) // Di Fazio, Williams, 271 (n77) // Dicken, Peter, 120 (n82), 121 (n84) Dickinson, H. W„ 33 (n22) digital switching, 44, 45, 54 distributive services, 223, 229 Dizard, Wilson P., 28 (n2), 31 (nl4) // 572 // INDEX // DNA, 54, 72, 73 Dodgson, M., 184 (K57) // Dohse, K., 169 (K24) // Dolly the sheep, 55 Dondero, George, 29 (n8) // Dordick, Herbert S., 218 (n4) // Dosi, Giovanni, 28 (n2), 36 (n32), 70, 78 (nn3, 4), 80 (nil), 85 (nl8), 124 (n89), 165 (nlO) // Dower, John W., 11 (nl6), 12 (n20) Downs, Anthony, 359 downsizing, 254, 299-300 Doyle, Marc, 367 (n45), 368 (n49) Draper, Roger, 362 Drexler, K. Eric, 29 (n8) // Drucker, Peter F., 176 (K44) drug trade, 444-5 Duarte, Fabio, 133 (n 106) // Dubois, Pierre, 79 (n8) // Duchin, Faye, 276-7 Dunford, M., 416 (K25), 432 (K68) Dunning, John, 120 (K82), 121 (K84), 122 (K85), 174 (K39), 206 (K134) Dupas, Gilberto, 133 (n 106) // Dupuy, G., 432 (K69) // Dürkheim, Émile, 460 (nl) // Durlabhji, Subhash, 169 (K20), 191 (K80) // Dutton, William, 356 (KK), 382 (K77), 393 (nl 16) // DVD technology, 396 Dy, Josefina, 262 (n55) // Dyer, Henry, 11 Dyson, Esther, 391 (nl03) // E-Bay, 151 Ebel, K., 275 (K92) // Eber, Georg, 276 Eckert, J., 42 ECNs, 153 // Eco, Umberto, 363, 364 ecology, 75 // e-commerce, 151, 426-7 economic crisis, 18 (K27), 134-5,
// 140-1 // economic growth, 77-9, 80, 94, 212 economic organization, 188-9, 277-8 Economist, The, 39 (n41), 52 (n56), 102 (n57), 149 (nl20), 157 (nl31), // 248 (n24), 362-3, 368 (n49), 369 (n51), 395 (nl25), 398 (nl38), 465 (n20), 467 (n26), 490 (n72) Edelman, Gerald, 75 Edge City, 430 // EDI (electronic data interchange), 186 Edquist, Charles, 29 (n8) education: multimedia, 399-400; occupations, 240-1; on-line, 391, 428; schools, 428; universities, 139, 391, 428; workers, 257 Egan, Ted, 43 (n48), 64 (n69) // Ei, Wada, 292 // Eichengreen, Barry, 101 (n55) electricity, 33, 37-8 electronic trading, 154-5 electronics: communications, 30 (nil), 153, 357; family care, 401; innovation, 39-40; Japan, 423; locational strategy, 417, 418; molecular, 53; outwork, 426; productivity, 90; Silicon Valley, 62-5; see also micro-electronics elites, 445-7, 497 (n81) // Elkington, John, 38 (n39) Elmer-Dewwit, Philip, 395 (nl28) e-mail, 49, 391 Emilia-Romagna, 167-8 employment, 223, 243-4, 286-90; age, 299-300, 473-5; agriculture, // 218-19, 238, 267; automation, // 257, 273-4, 418; class relations, 241; computers, 276-7; gender, 2, 269-70, 292-3, 335, 472-3, 505; industrialization, 252; by industry, 347-8; information technologies, // 226-7, 268-9, 271-2, 274-6, 278-81, 333; informational society, 217-18,226-7, 237-43; innovation, 274-5, 279; Internet, 151; location, 282; manufacturing, 224-5, 231, 238, 331; microelectronics, 273 1, 275; multinational corporations, 251-2; North/South, 252; by occupation,
241-3, 348-50; OECD, 237; part-time, 283, 292, 425; services, 218, 220, 222-3, 225, 227-8, 230, 238; social contracts, 254, 282-3; status, // INDEX // 573 // 350-1; structuralist, 223; temporary, 254, 283, 284, 286; trade, 252-3; UK, 224, 235, 267, 290, 314-15, 323, 350; women, 2; see also self-employment employment, by country: Canada, 224, 235,316-17, 324, 348-9; France, 224, 236-7, 310-11, 321, 349; Germany, 224-5, 236-7, 308-9, 320, 349; Italy, 224, 236-7, 312-13, 322; Japan, 224-5, 236-7, 241-3, 255, 291-2, 306-7, 319, 349; Spain, 283, 285; UK, 224, // 235, 236-7, 267, 290, 314-15, // 323, 350; US, 224, 226-7, 235, 236-7, 239, 243, 267-8, 269, 276-7, 283, 304-5, 318, 332, 350 employment structure: global economy, 246-7; labor division, 247; post-industrialism, 230-1; transformation, 224-31; see also labor; work process Enderwick, Peter, 206 (nl34), 410 (n8) // energy, 16-17, 37 Engelbart, Douglas, 48 EN1AC, 42 Eno, Brian, 491 // entertainment industry, 360-1, 398 entrepreneurs: ethnicity, 128-9, // 131-2; information technologies, 67-8; innovation, 69; multimedia, 399; US, 148, 152 environmental issues, 3, 482 Epstein, Edward, 391 (nl08) // Ericsson, 52 // Ernst, Dieter, 122 (n85), 174 (n38), 175 (n40), 186-7, 207, 208-9, 423 Esping-Andersen, G., 235 (nlO), 299 Esprit, 394 // Essin, Daniel J., 29 (K8) // Estefania, Joaquin, 101 (n55), 137 (nlll), 152 (n 126) ethics, 57,213-14 ethnicity, 248-50; birth rates, 250; entrepreneurs, 128-9, 131-2; marginalization, 298; Western
societies, 131; see also race E-toys, 151 // E*Trade, 151 EUREKA, 175, 394 Europe, Eastern, 114, 140, 143 European Central Bank, 111 European Commission, 146 European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions, 400-1, 428-9 European Information Society, 395 European Union, 2, 110-11,41 I; armed forces, 486 (n64); Bosnia, 490; business cultures, 209-10; cities, 431-4, 433-4; cooperation, 175; economy, 114; foreign companies, 120-1; immigration, 248-9, 330; information technologies, 67-8; innovation, 66, 279; job creation, 268-9; Joint Research Centre, 73; locational strategies, 418; Maastricht Treaty, 143, 144; migrant labor, 248-9; national champions, 68; racism/ xenophobia, 23 1; Thatcher, 139; unemployment, 144-5, 269, 505; working hours, 470 Evans, Peter, 164 (n3), 193 (n93), 198 (nl 14), 200 (nl 18) exchange rates, 104, 138 exclusion, 126, ’135, 161 experience, 14—15 exports, 106-7, 110, 112, 114-15, 173,413 // face-to-face contact, 415-16, 428 Fager, Gregory, 466 (n24) // Fainstein, Susan S., 431 (n66) // Fairchild Semiconductors, 40, 63 Fajnzylber, Fernand, 100 (n54) // Falun Gong, 7 Fama, Eugene, 157 family: Chinese firms, 193-5, 204-5, 504; electronic caretaking, 401; Japan, 484; transformation, 479 family income, 298 Fassman, H., 330 Fazy, Ian Hamilton, 427 (n56) // FDI: see foreign direct investment Federal Express Corporation, 412, // 414 // 574 // INDEX // Ferguson, Marjorie, 358 (nlO) fertility: see birth rates Feuerwerker, Albert, 196 (nl05)
fiber-optics, 53 Fidonet, 49 // financial markets, 2, 502-4; Asian Pacific, 138; capital flows, 106; crisis, 134; deregulation, 104, 153; gambling, 467; global economy, 102-6, 153; globalization, 20, 106, 136, 153,410-11,503; high-technology firms, 96; information technologies, 102, 153, 465-6; new products, 104-5; telecommunications, 102, 104-5, 137; transformation, 136, 152-3; volatility, 155 FIRF. services, 238-9 firms: Anglo-Saxon model, 189, 205, 209-10, 230; Chinese family-based, 193-5, 204-5, 504; globalization, // 115-16; hollowed-out, 176; horizontal, 176,178; ownership/ control, 504; profitability, 95; vertical, 178-80; see also high-technology fiirms; multinational corporations; small and medium firms // First Direct, 427 // Fischer, Claude, 6 (n8), 28 (n3), 388 (n94), 393 flex-timers, 281-9, 495 flexibility: information technologies, 71; labor, 280-1, 285-6, 288-9, 290, 302, 467-8; management, // 123, 467-8; organization, 258-9; production, 166-7, 178; society, 290-1; work process, 282-3 Fluitman, Fred, 297 Flynn, P. M., 274-5 Fontana, Josep, 36 (n34) // Foray, Dominique, 124 (n89), 126 (n93) // Forbes, R. J., 37, 38 Fordism, 180 foreign companies, 120-1 foreign direct investment, 95-6, // 116-20; advanced economies, 121; developing countries, 132-4; // globalization, 101-2, 251; internationalization, 106-7; multinational corporations, // 118-19, 177; OECD countries, // 117-18, 132-4 Forester, Tom, 12 (nl9), 28 (n2), 29 (n8), 31 (n 14), 38 (n39), 42 (n47), 61(n63)
// Forrester Research, 149 Foucault, Michel, 15 Fouquin, Michel, 254 (n41) fragmentation, 3-4 France, 310-11, 349; Cyclades program, 47; devaluation, 139; employment, 224, 236-7, 321; futures exchange, 138, 155; GDP/ exports, 107; globalization, 145; industry classifications, 340-3, 345; Internet, 387; Minitel, 371, 372-5, 393, 408; multimedia, 394; occupational structure, 328; Paris, 416, 444, 453-6; producer services, // 227-8; productivity, 89, 90; R&D, 124-5; self-employment, 236-7; skill levels, 235; television watching, 361-2 Frankel, J. A., 111-12 Franklin, J. C., 237 (nl2) free markets, 144 Freeman, Christopher, 6 (n7), 68 (n77), 69-70, 78 (n2), 79 (n8), 85 (n 18), 124 (n89), 267 (n65), 270 (n75), 290 (nl 17), 296 (nl31) Freeman, Richard, 467 (n28) // French, Kenneth, 157 French, W. Howard, 281 (n 104), 295 (nl28) // French Telecom, 373 Freud, Sigmund, 23, 489 (n71) Friedland, Roger, 460 (nl) // Friedman, D., 168, 170 (K25) Friedman, Milton, 96 (n37) Friedmann, Georges, 256, 257 (n49) Friedmann, Thomas L., 101 (K55), // 152 (n 126) // Fulk, J., 186 (K65) fundamentalism, 3, 24 Furen, Dong, 13 (K22) futures markets, 138, 155, 410 // INDEX // 575 // Gaillie, D., 283 (nl06) gambling, 467 // Ganley, Gladys D., 392 (nllO) // Gap, 468 Garcia, Alan, 141 Garratt, G. R. M., 38 (n37) // Garreau, Joel, 430 Gates, Bill, 43, 64 GATT, 96 (n40), 114 GDP: exports, 106-7; honte/global markets, 97-8, 115-16; information technologies, 148-9; investment, 103-4; world trade, 96 Gelb, Joyce,
192 (n89), 293 (nl26) Gelernter, David, 73 (n97) gender: employment, 2-3, 269-70, 292-3, 335, 472-3, 505; Internet use, 377, 390 Genentech, 55, 56 genetic engineering, 29, 38 (n39); centers for, 62, 64-5, 69; computing power, 72-3; ethics, 57; gene-cloning, 54; reproduction, 480 genetic therapy, 58 Gereffi, Gary, 122 (n85), 123, 168 (nl9), 173 (n32), 300 (nl50) Gerlach, Michael L., 174 (K38), 190 (K77), 199 (nl 17) // Germany: cross-border capital controls, 138; employment, 224-5, 236-7, 308-9, 320, 349; Eurex, 154-5; GDP/exports, 107; industry classifications, 340-3, 345; labor relations, 300; Meta Study, 274, 276 (n94); occupational structure, 234, 328; producer services, 227-8; productivity, 89, 90; R&D, 124-5, 276; Schroeder, 144; self-employment, 236-7; skill levels, // 235 // Geroski, P., 126 (n95) // Gershuny, J. I., 220 (n7) ghettos, 433 Ghosh, Alo, 102 (n57) // Ghoshal, Sumantra, 206 (nl35), 208 Gibson, David G., 68 (K80) // Giddens, Anthony, 101 (K55), 102 (K57), 139, 460 (nl), 463,465 (nl7), 466 (K21) // Gille, Bertrand, 35 (KKK) // Gitlin, Todd, 385 (K83) // Glasgall, William, 465 (nl7) // Gleick, James, 74 (n99), 464 global city, 410—1 I, 417, 443 1 global economy, 77, 101—2; capitalism, 95 (n38), 160-1, 505-6; China, 143, 144, 185, 438; control centers, 409, 410-11, 415; currency trading, 104; developing countries, // 132-5; employment, 246-7; exclusion, 135; financial markets, 102-6, 153; G-7 countries, 137, 246; institutions, 137; Internet, // 137;
investment/GDP, 103-4; Latin America, 144; mega-cities, 434-9; multinational corporations, 206-7; politics, 147; volatility, 105-6, 134-5 // globalization, 1; capitalism, 140, 160-1, 504-5; deregulation, 137; European Union, 143, 145; FD1, 101-2, 251; financial markets, 20, 106, 136, 153, 410-11, 466, 503; firms, 115-16; information technologies, 161; labor, 130-2, 247-55; liberalization, 137; media, 367-8; misery, 2, 131; national governments, 140; politics, 135-47; production, 126-7; productivity, // 99; regionalization, 411-12; socialism, 145; state, 137-8, 140 GM-Saturn Complex, 261-2 Godard, Francis, 454 (n88) // Gold, Thomas, 173 (n31), 198 (nll4, 115), 202 (n 121) // Goldsmith, William W., 431 (K65) Gonzalez, Felipe, 139, 144,145 Goodman, P. S., 176 (n46) goods and services, 221 Gopinath, Padmanabha, 216 (nl) Gorbachev, Mikhail, 18 Gordon, Richard, 129 (nl02), 423-4 Gordon, Robert, 92 Gore, Albert, 394 Gorner, Peter, 29 (n8), 58 Gottdiener, Marc, 431 (n66) // Gould, Stephen J., 28 Gourevitch, Peter A., 301 (n!51) // 576 // INDEX // government: see state Graham, E., 120 (K82) // Graham, Stephen, 408 (n2), 409 (n3), 410 (n7), 425 (n39), 428 (n58) Granovetter, M., 164 (KK) // Grant, Kate, 101 (n55) // Grant, Lindsay, 249 (n25) // Great Northern Telegraph Co., 12 Greenhalgh, S., 193 (n97) // Greenspan, Alan, 91-2, 297 (nl34) Greenwich Mean Time, 463 GREMI, 419 (KKK), 422-3 Griliches, Z., 79 (K8) // G-7 countries: distributive services, 229; employment by industry, 318-24,338-9,
344-5; employment by sector, 304-17; employment evolution, 244-5; employment structure, 217-18, // 224; global economy, 137, 246; high-technology, 133-4; information society, 394-05; manufacturing/services, 231; productivity, 81 Guarnizo, Luis E., 132 Guerrieri, Paolo, 111-12, 112 (n74) Guile, Bruce R., 6 (K7) // Guillemard, Anne Marie, 473-4, 476 Gulf War, 486-7 // Gulia, Milena, 387 (n93), 388 (n95), 389 (n97) // Gurr, T. R., 485 (K60) // Gurstein, Penny, 263 (K59), 390, 426 <K46) // Gutner, Todi, 154 (nl29) // hacker culture, 45 (n49), 49, 50 Hafner, Katie, 45 (n49), 375 (n70) Hall, Carl, 53 (n57), 72 (n92) // Hall, Nina, 74 (n99) // Hall, Peter, 31 (n 14), 35, 38 (n37), 39 (n42), 41 (n46), 64 (n70), 66, 67 (n76), 93 (n32), 203 (nl23), 347-8, 409 (nn3, 4), 419, 421, 431 (n67) Hall, Stephen S., 29 (n6), 56 (n58) Hamilton, Gary G., 163 (K2), 188 (K71), 190, 193 (KK94, 96), 194 (K99), 195, 196-7, 204 (K127), 206 (n 131) // Hammer, M., 93 (KKK) // Handy, Susan, 425 (K44) // Hanson, Stephen E., 462 (K7) // Harff, K., 485 (K60) // Harmon, Amy, 384 (K81) // Harper-Anderson, Elsie, 298 (nl40) Harrington, Jon, 184 (n58) // Harris, Nigel, 100 (n53) // Harrison, Bennett, 164, 167-8, 172, 174, 207 (nl38), 209 (nl43), 221 (n8), 296 (n 132) // Hart, Jeffrey A., 45 (n49), 376 (n71) Hartman, Amir, 180 (n54) // Hartmann, Heidi, 260 (n53) // Harvey, David, 25, 441, 448, 449 (n82), 463, 464 (n 13), 465, 492-3 Haseltine, William, 57 Havelock, Eric A., 355 (nl) // Hawaii University,
55 Haynes, William, 356 (n3), 363 Health, James, 53 health services, 238, 239, 242, // 427-8 // healthy living industry, 482 Heavey, Laurie, 102 (n57), 466 (n21) hedge funds, 105,153 Held, David, 101 (n55), 102, 104 (n58), 106 (n66). 111, 119, 120 (n82), 126, 127 (n97), 465 (nl6) Henderson, Bruce E., 260 (K53) Henderson, Jeffrey, 122 (n85), 198 (n 114), 417 (nn26, 27) // Herman, Robin, 29 (n8) // Herther, Nancy K., 395 (nl24) Heskett, James L., 184 (K58) // Hewitt, P., 290, 473 (n40) // Hewlett, William, 62 Hewlett Packard, 62, 183 high-technology firms: ethnic entrepreneurs, 128-9; financial capital, 504; financial markets, 96; G-7 countries, 133-4; labor division, 135-6, 444; location, 417-18; Nasdaq, 157; networking, 210; state intervention, 127; US, 128-9, 149 Higuchi, Yoshio, 291 (n 121), 293 (n 127) // Hill, Christopher, 137 (nil 1) // NDEX // 577 // Hillis, Daniel, 498 // Hiltz, Starr Roxanne, 390 (K99) // Hiltzik, Michael, 64 (K69) // Himannen, Pekka, 45 (n49), 385 (n82) // Hinrichs, Karl, 267 (n66), 464 (n 14), 470 (n35) // Hirschhorn, Larry, 167 (nl2), 184 (K59), 256 (K48), 257, 264 history, 34-5, 461, 508-9 Hockman, E., 106 (K66) // Hoff, Ted, 40-1, 60 Hoffman, Abbie, 180 (K54) Hohenberg, Paul, 99 (n51) holism, 8-9 Holl, Steven, 452-3 Holsti, K. J., 487 (K67) // Home Brew Computer Club, 64 homeworking, 408, 426 Hong Kong: cadets, 203-4; public housing, 204; restructuring, 438; small and medium firms, 172-3 Hong Kong megalopolis, 416-17, 434, 436-9 ‘ // Honigsbaum,
Mark, 374 (n63) Hoogvelt, Ankie, 101 (n55), 133 (nl06), 137 (nlll), 140 Horn, Gustav A., 276 Howell, David, 297-8 Howell, J., 121 (K84) // Hsia Chu-joe, 450 Hsiao, M., 163 (nl) // Hsing, You-tien, 13 (n22), 173 (KKK), 185 (KKK), 193 (K96), 204, 436 (K73), 467 (K27) // HTML, 51 HTTP, 51 // human beings/machines, 31-3 human-computer interaction, 73 human genome, 56-8 Human Genome Project, 57 Human Organ Sciences, 56 Hutton, Will, 101 (n55), 102 (n57), 137 (nlll), 299 (n 143), 465 (n 17), 466 (n21) // Huws, U., 425 (n43) // Hyman, Richard, 260 (n53) hyperspace, 407, 459 hypertext, 50-1 // IBM, 6 (n6), 42, 43 IBNs, 44 // identity, 3, 4, 23-4; collective, 15; informational society, 22-3; national, 24, 214; on-/off-line, 391; society, 449-50; see also community identity politics, 22 Ikle, Fred C., 486 (KKK) // ILO, 216 (nl), 247, 251 (K29), 252, 260 (K53), 273, 275, 296 (nl32), 297 // ILO study, working time, 470, 472 Imai, Ken’ichi, 121 (n84), 174 (n38), 177, 190 (n77), 208 (nnl39, 141) IMF, 19, 20, 101 (n55), 102, 118 (n80), 137, 140-1, 143, 297 (nl34) immigration, 130-1; cities, 432, 433; ethnic diversity, 248-50; Europe, 330; illegal, 248-9 imperialism, 34 // income distribution, 235, 241, 298-9 India: exports, 112, 114-15; global economy, 143, 144 individualization: bargaining, 302; Internet, 385; labor, 282, 506, 507; labor division, 502; media, 364, 365; multimedia, 400-1; subcontracting, 426 Indonesia, 134 // industrial revolutions, 30, 32, 33-4, // 35 // industrialism,
14, 16-17, 21 (n31), 80-1, 85-7 industrialization, 196, 252 industry: centers, 418; classifications, 339, 340-7; employment, 347-8; location, 417-24 inequality: access to technology, 33; income, 235, 241,298-9; informational society, 236; Internet, 377; North/South, 252, 253; society, 302 infant mortality, 477, 495, 496-7 inflation, 18-19, 92, 95 (n37) information, 12, 17 (n25); flows, 409-10, 412, 414; multimedia, 399 100; raw material, 70; US exports, 413 // 578 // INDEX // information processing, 17, 31, 44, 124, 165, 225-6 information society, 21 (n31), 25 (n43), 217-18, 237-43, 394-5 information technologies, 69-76, 147-8; capital-labor relations, 302; capitalism, 13, 140; clusters, 59, 60; convergence, 29, 71-2; diffusion, 6 (n7), 32-3, 70, 127-8, 165; employment, 226-7, 268-9, 271-2, // 274-6, 278-81,333; entrepreneurial model, 67-8; Europe, 67-8; financial markets, 102, 153, 465-6; flexibility, 71; GDP, 148-9; globalization, 161; Japan, 61,127-8; job creation, // 296; latecomers, 127—8; networking, 70-1, 127-8, 177, // 185, 500; occupational categories, 296; organizational change, 90, 184-5; process-oriented, 30; profitability, 95; revolution, 1, 5-6, 38-9, 244; spatial patterns, 420, 424; state intervention, 67-8, 95; stock market, 157-8; time, 460-1, 464, 467-8; transport, 137; unemployment, 272-3, 280, 333; US, 59, 61, 62-6, 147, 148-9, // 226-7; work process, 256-7, 259 informational economy, 77, 79, // 163-4, 467-8 informational society, 3-4, 21 (n31); capitalism,
20-1; employment, // 217-18, 226-7, 237-43; identity, // 22-3; self-employment, 236-7; social structure, 222; time, 460-1, 464, 467-8 informationalism, 25 (n43), 99-100, // 219-20, 245; capital flows, 106; capitalism, 14, 18, 20, 94-9; cities, 429-34; ethics, 213-14; exclusion, 135; global, 101; institutions, 100; occupations, 234; perestroika, 18-21; socio-technical paradigm, 17-18, 244; spirit of, 210-15; work process, 255-67 Innis, Harold, 460-1, 495 (n80) innovation: see technological innovation // innovation milieux, 419, 421-3 Inoki, Takenori, 291 (nl21) // Instinet, 154 // institutions: global economy, 137; informational economy, 163 1; informationalism, 100; job creation/ destruction, 281-2; labor, 254-5, 300; productivity, 80 insurance industry, 238-9, 265-6, // 483 // Integra Life Sciences, 56 integrated circuits, 40 Intel, 39 (n40) // intellectual property rights, 114, 120 interactivity: communication, 356-7; face-to-face contact, 415-16, 428; Internet/sociability, 386-7, 388-9; places, 429; virtual community, // 386, 387, 389, 393-4 internal combustion engine, 33, 37 International Institute of Labour Studies, 216 (nl) // International Labour Office: see ILO International Monetary Fund: see IMF international trade, 96, 106—10, 1 11, // 141-2 // internationalization: banking, 103; // capital, 96; FDI, 106-7 Internet: computer sex, 391; cooperation, 384; diffusion, 375-6, // 382-3; employment, 151; gender, 377, 390; hosts by country, 334, 376, 378-81; individualization,
// 385; inequalities, 377; infrastructure, 150; innovation, // 152; labor, 390; and Minitel, 372, 375; origins, 6-7, 38 (n39), 45-9, 383; privatized, 65; R&D, 125; sociability, 386-9; TCP/IP, 44, // 47-8, 54; television signals, 396; users, 375-7, 382, 383; see also computer-mediated communication Internet companies, 149-51, 156-7 Internet service providers, 400 Internet Society, 46 Intranet, 182 // investment, 97, 103 1; see also foreign direct investment Ionesco, Eugene, 481 // INDEX // 579 // Iran, 487, 490 Iraq, 487, 490 ISDN, 44 // isolationism, 8, 10-11, 195 Israel, 122, 129 Italy: Emilia-Romagna, 167-8; employment, 224, 236-7, 312-13, 322; industry classifications, 340-3, 346; self-employment, 236-7; small and medium firms, 168, 174 Ito, Youichi, 11 (nl5), 12 (nl9), 25(n43), 368 // Jacobs, Allan, 456, 457-8 Jacobs, N„ 200 (nil8) // Jacobsson, Stefan, 29 (n8) // Jacoby, S., 191 (n82) // Janelli, Roger, 163 (n2), 201 (nl20) Japan, 10-11, 20; chuki koyo, 255, // 291-2,293,295,336; communitarian logic, 195; competitiveness, 177; electronics, 423; employment, 224-5, 241-3, 255,291-2,306-7,319, 349; family, 484; foreign companies, // 121; GDP/exports, 107; immigration, 249-50; industry classifications, 340-3, 346; information technologies, 61, 127-8; innovation, 11, 66; Institute of Labour, 257 (n51), 274; intra-Asian trade, 112; job creation, // 268-9; kan-ban, 169, 179, 184, 419; karaoke, 401; keiretsu, 67, 170, 190-1; labor market, 294, 295, 296; labor practices, 191, 290-1; .... ....

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