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Bibliografická citace

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BK
2nd ed.
Edinburgh : Churchill Livingstone, 1974
251 s. : il.

objednat
ISBN 0-443-01209-1 (brož.)
Dalčí údaje z titulního list: 1 The Vertebral Column taken as a whole -- 2 The Bony Pelvis and the Sacro-Iliac Join -- 3 The Lumbar Vertebral Column -- 4 The Thoracic Vertebral Column and Respiration -- 5 The Cervical Vertebral Column
Obsahuje 397 autorových ilustrací, předmluvu
Páteř - fyziologie - učebnice vysokošk.
Ústrojí pohybové - fyziologie - učebnice vysokošk.
000078702
CONTENTS // ¦  // THE VERTEBRAL COLUMN AS A WHOLE 8 // The vertebral column: a stabilised axis 10 // The vertebral column: axis of the body and protector of the neuraxis 12 // The curvatures of the vertebral column 14 // The development of the curvatures of the vertebral column 16 // Structure of a typical vertebra 18 // The curvatures of the vertebral column 20 // Structure of the vertebral body 22 // Functional components of the vertebral column 24 // The elements of linkage between vertebrae 26 // Structure of the intervertebral disc 28 // The nucleus pulposus likened to a swivel 30 // The ‘preloaded’ state of the disc and the self-stabilisation of the // intervertebral joint 32 // Water imbibition by the nucleus 34 // Compression forces applied to the disc 36 // Variations in disc structure related to cord level 38 // Disc behaviour during simple movements 40 // Automatic rotation of the vertebral column during flexion 42 // Flexion and extension of the vertebral column : range of movement 44 // Range of lateral flexion of the whole vertebral column 46 // Range of axial rotation of the whole vertebral column 48 // Clinical assessment of the range of movements of the vertebral column 50 // THE BONY PELVIS AND THE SACRO-ILIAC JOINTS 52 // The bony pelvis in the two sexes 54 // Structure of the bony pelvis 56 // The articular surfaces of the sacro-iliac joint 58 // The articular facet of the sacrum 60 // The sacro-iliac ligament 62 // Nutation and counter-nutation 64
The various theories of nutation 66 // The pubic symphysis and the sacro-coccygeal joint 68 // Effect of posture on the joints of the bony pelvis 70 // THE LUMBAR VERTEBRAL COLUMN 72 // The lumbar vertebral column viewed as a whole 74 // Structure of the lumbar vertebrae 76 // The ligaments of the lumbar vertebral column 78 // Flexion and extension and lateral flexion of the lumbar vertebral column 80 // Rotation of the lumbar vertebral column 82 // The lumbo-sacral joint and spondylo-olisthesis 84 // Iliolumbar ligaments and movements of the lumbo-sacral joint 86 // The trunk muscles seen in horizontal section 88 // Posterior muscles of the trunk 90 // Role of the third lumbar and twelfth thoracic vertebrae 92 // The lateral muscles of the trunk 94 // The muscles of the abdominal wall : the rectus abdominis and the // transversus abdominis 96 // The muscles of the abdominal wall : the obliquus internus abdominis and // the obliquus externus abdominis 98 // The muscles of the abdominal wall: the curve of the waist 100 // The muscles of the abdominal wall: the rotation of the trunk 102 // The muscles of the abdominal wall: flexion of the trunk 104 // The muscles of the abdominal wall : the flattening of the lumbar curvature 106 // The trunk as an inflatable structure 108 // The vertical column while standing at rest 110 // Sitting and lying positions 112 // Range of flexion and extension of the lumbar vertebral column 114 // Range of lateral flexion of the lumbar vertebral column 116
// Range of rotation of the thoracolumbar vertebral column 118 // The intervertebral foramen and the radicular orifice 120 // The various types of intervertebral disc prolapse 122 // Disc prolapse and the mechanism of nerve root compression 124 // Lasčgue’s sign 126 // THE THORACIC VERTEBRAL COLUMN AND RESPIRATION 128 // The typical thoracic vertebra and T12 130 // Flexion, extension and lateral flexion of the thoracic vertebral column 132 // Axial rotation of the thoracic vertebral column 134 // The costovertebral joints 136 // Movements of the ribs at the costovertebral joints 138 // Movements of the costal cartilages and of the sternum 140 // The shape changes of the thorax in the sagittal plane during inspiration 142 // Mode of action of the intercostal muscles and the sternocostalis 144 // The diaphragm and its mode of action 146 // The respiratory muscles 148 // Antagonism and synergism of the diaphragm and the abdominal muscles 150 // Air movement in the respiratory airways 152 // Respiratory volumes 154 // The pathophysiology of respiration 156 // The dead space 158 // Compliance of the thoracic cage 160 // The elasticity of the costal cartilages 162 // The mechanism of coughing: the closure of the glottis 164 // The muscles of the larynx and the protection of the airways during // swallowing 166 // THE CERVICAL VERTEBRAL COLUMN // The cervical vertebral column taken as a whole 170 // Diagrammatic representation of the structure of the first three cervical // vertebrae 172
// The atlanto-axial joint 174 // Flexion and extension in the atlanto-axial and the atlanto-odontoid joints 176 // Rotation at the atlanto-axial and the atlanto-odontoid joints 178 // The articular surfaces of the atlanto-occipital joints 180 // Rotation at the atlanto-occipital joints 182 // Lateral flexion, flexion and extension at the atlanto-occipital joint 184 // The suboccipital vertebral ligaments 186 // The suboccipital ligaments of the neck 188 // The suboccipital ligaments of the neck (continued) 190 // The structure of a typical cervical vertebra 192 // The ligaments of the lower cervical vertebral column 194 // Flexion and extension of the lower cervical vertebral column 196 // Movements at the unco-vertebral joint 198 // The orientation of the articular facets : the composite axis of combined // rotation and lateral flexion 200 // Combined lateral flexion and rotation in the lower cervical vertebral column 202 Geometrical analysis of the components of lateral flexion and rotation 204 // Mechanical model of the cervical vertebral column 206 // Lateral flexion and rotation on the mechanical model 208 // Comparison of the model and the cervical column during lateral flexion // and rotation 210 // Compensations in the suboccipital vertebral column 210 // Compensations in the suboccipital vertebral column (continued) 212 // Range of movements of the cervical vertebral column 214 // The balancing of the head on the cervical vertebral column 216 // Structure and action
of the sterno-mastoid 218 // The prevertebral muscles : the longus cervicis 220 // The prevertebral muscles : the anterior and lateral rectus muscles of the neck 222 // The prevertebral muscles : the scalene muscles 224 // The prevertebral muscles viewed as a whole 226 // Flexion of the head and neck 228 // The posterior muscles of the neck 230 // The suboccipital muscles 232 // Action of the suboccipital muscles : lateral flexion and extension 234 // Rotatory action of the suboccipital muscles 236 // The posterior muscles of the neck : the deep and superficial planes 238 // The posterior muscles of the neck : the intermediate planes 240 // Extension of the cervical column by the posterior neck muscles 242 // Synergism and antagonism of prevertebral muscles and the sterno-mastoid 244 // The range of movements of the cervical column as a whole 246 // Relationship of the neuraxis to the cervical column 248 // Relationship of the cervical nerve roots to the cervical column 250

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