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Bibliografická citace

.
0 (hodnocen0 x )
BK
1st publ.
Cambridge : Cambridge University, 1996
x,313 s.

ISBN 0-521-46039-5 (váz.)
Obsahuje rejstříky.
Angličtina - slovesa - učebnice
000115589
Contents // List of contributors page x i // Preface xii // i Introduction: theoretical and descriptive approaches to // the study of the verb in English i // Bas Aarts and Charles F. Meyer // Part i Theoretical approaches to the study of the English verb // 2 Grammatical relations in English 27 Charles F. Meyer // 3 Competence without Comp? 40 Richard Hudson //  4 On the semantics of the object I. M. Schlesinger // 54 // 5 Secondary predicates in English Bas Aarts // 75 // 6 The English perfect as a secondary past tense Rodney Huddleston // 102 // ‘How does this sentence interpret?’ The semantics of English mediopassives Andrew Rosta // 123 // 8 The expression of Root and Epistemic Possibility in English 145 Jennifer Coates // x // CONTENTS // Part 2 Descriptive approaches to the study of the English verb // & Find and want: a corpus-based case study in verb complementation Jan Aarts and Flor Aarts B9 // @ Indeterminacy between Noun Phrases and Adjective Phrases as complements of the English verb Geoffrey Leech and Lu Li 1—1 00 ?» // © Having a look at the expanded predicate John Algeo 203 // ‘This scheme is badly needed’: some aspects of verb-adverb combinations Stig Johansson 218 // V That and zero complementisers in Late Modern English: exploring ARCHER from 1650-1990 Edward Finegan and DouglasBiber 241 // 4 Changing patterns of complementation, and concomitant grammaticalisation, of the verb help in present-day British English Christian Mair N OO // 15 Verbs
in public and private speaking Jan Svartvik and Olof Ekedahl 27? // 16 Some remarks on comment clauses Anna-Brita Stenström 29O // Index of names 3°3 // Subject index 3°7 // Index of names // Aarts, B., i,7, io, ii, 20,29,38,51,52,71,75, 76, 81, 88, 90, 94, 95, 97, 99,112, 119, 139, 141 // Aarts, R, 15, 20, 86,98,159 // Aarts, J., 15, 20, 21, 23, 24,159, 255,256 // Adams, V, 98 // Aijmer, ?., 13, 20, zi, 23, 24, 217, 256, 257, 288 // Alderson, R R., 275, 289 Aigeo, A. S., 216 Aigeo, J., 16, 203, 259, 261, 271 Allén, S.,74,143,156,160,182,197, 216 Allerton, D. J., i, 2, 4, 20,196, 202 Altenberg, ?., 13,14,20,21,23,24,217,256, 257, 274, 276, 280, 287, 288 Andersson, E., 2,14,21,31,38,167,168,182 Andrews, A., 88,99,123,142 Antonopoulou, E., 142 Atkinson, D., zi, 256 Atkinson. M., 98 Atwell, E., 240, 289 Authier, J.-M., 49,52 // Bach, E., io, zi, 22, 202 Bache, C, 119,121 Bäcklund, U., 234, 239 Barber, C, 259, 260, 271 Beale, A., 234, 239 Beck, A., 21 Benson, E., 233, 239 Benson, M., 233, 239 Biber, D., 18,19, 21, 241, 249, 256, 286, 287, 288 // Binnick, R.L, 119,121 Black, E., 85, 200, 201, 202 // Blake, ?., 139,142 // Bolinger, D., ii, 15, 21, 141, 142, 186, 199, 202, 238, 239 Booij, G.,72,73 Bosworth, J., 205, 216 Bowie, J., 119 Breivik, L. E., 300 // Bresnan, J., io, 21, 47,52,123,137,142,143 // Brody, M., 85,99 // Brown, ?., io, 21,97,98,130 // Bryant, M. M., 242, 257 // Burges, D., 21 // Burges, J., 21 // Burton-Roberts, N., 21 // Burzio, L., 99 // Butcher, C. A., 216
Bybee, J., 152,154,155 // Carrier, J., 8o, 93, 95,98,99,143,194 // Chafe, W., 20, 21, 230 // Chomsky, N., $,7,9,10, 20, 21,39,48,52,53 // Christophersen, R, 262, 268, 271 // Claudi, U., 271 // Coates, J., 12, 21,145,146,151, // 154-156 // Collins, R, 280, 288 // Comrie, B., 2,12, 21,102, m—117,120—122 // Cowper, E., 22 // Coulthard, M., 300 // Crystal, D., 291, 292, 295,300 // Curme, G., 13, 22, 29, 39 // Davy, D, 291, 295, 300 Declerck, R., 188,121 Demonte, V, 87,94,95,98,99 // ??? // 304 // INDEX OF NAMES // Dixon, R. M.W., II, 22,57,58,59,73,86,99, 132, 135, 143, 263, 268, 271, 280, 283, 284, 288 // Doron, E.,71 // Dowry, D., 54,56,57,60,63,73,97,99,141, 145 . // Du Bois, J., 20, 21 // Duffley, R, 2, ii, 22, 262, 268, 269, 271 Dyscolus, A., i Dzierzanowska, H., 233 // Edmondson,W., 291, 300 Edwards, J., 13, 22 // Ek, J. A. van, 2, 22,167,168,182, 263, 264, 271 // Ekedahl, Q, 19, 273, 290 Elsness, J., 242, 247, 254, 257 Emonds, J., 9, 22,96,100 Erades, R, 140,143 Erman, B., 291, 295, 300 // Fabb, N., 97,100 // Fagan, S., 127,133,135,136,141,143 Fellbaum, G, 127,136 Fillmore, C. J., 186 Finegan, E., 18, 21, 241, 249, 256 Firth, J. R., 16, 22 Fleischmann, S., 155 // Francis, W. N., 13,23,208,216,238,239,275, 288 // Fraser, B., 11, 22 // Fries, C. C, 29, 39, 242, 248, 249, 256, 257 Fries, U., 256 // Garside, R., 13, 22, 200, 202, 239, 240 Gisborne, N., 46,52,71,139 Givón, X, 55,65,73,155? 263> 27I Goldberg, A. E., 98 Goodluck, H., 208, 216 Grady, M., 139,143 Green, G. M.,
80,96,97,100 Greenbaum, S., 16, 232, 233, 255, 259 Guo, J., 154,155 // Haan, P. de, 13, 23 // Haegeman, L., 10,12,22,24,40,45,52,145, // 155 // Haiman, J.,73>74 // Hale, K., 124,143 // Halliday, M. A. K.,78,124 // Hasegawa, H., 98 // Haugland, ?. E., 300 // Heine, B., 146,147,148,154,155,258,271, 272 // Henry, A., 44,52,100,142 // Heyer, G, 141,143 // Hill, L. A., 61,74 // Hoekstra,T, 94 // Hofland, ?., 2i8, 219, 234, 238, 240, 275, 289 // Hopper, P. J., 112,122 Hornstein, N., 94,95,100 Horrocks, G, 5, 22 // Huddleston, R. D, 9, 27-32, 36, 38, 102, n9 // Hudson, R. A., i, 3,22,31,38,39,40,45,52, 65.68,71,73,74, 99,123,139,140,143 Hünnemeyer, E, 271 Hurst, D. A., 73,74 // Ilson, R., 216, 239 Ivanic, R., 194, 202 // Jackendoff, R., 1, 3, 9, 11, 20, 22, 23, 140, // 4h 143 // Jacobson, S., 58,59,74, 234, 239 Jacobsson, B., 202 Jakobson, R., 58,59,74 Jefferson, G, 18, 24 Jennings, E., i, 22 // Jespersen, O., 10,13,14,17,22,29,39,54,55, 58, 60, 73, 74, 94, 123, 143, 146, 148, 156, 204, 216 // Johansson, S., 17, 202, 208, 216, 218, 219, // 234> 235, 238> 24°> 275> 288> 2g9 Johnson, M. R., 117,122 // Kachru, ?. B., 100,142 Kayne, R. S., 11,23, 44 Kennedy, G, 16, 23 Keyser, S. J., 124,133,136,137,143 Kimball, J., 143 Kjellmer, G, 16, 23, 261, 271 Klein, E., 52,117,121,122 Knowles, G, 19, 23, 275, 289 // Index of names 3 ? 5 // König, E., 258, 272 Koster, J., 82,100 Kozlowska, C. D., 233, 239, 240 Kruisinga, E., 13, 23 // Kucera, H., 13, 23, 208, 216, 238, 239, 275, 288 // Kytô, M.,
17,18, 21, 23, 256, 257 // Lakoff, G., 128-130,135,140,143 Lampert, M., 13, 22 Larson, R., ii, 22, 23, 44,61,74 Lasnik, H., 5,7, 21 // Leech, G., 13,15, 16, 22, 24, 39,53,74, 144, 151, 154, 155, 156, 182, 183, 200, 202, 208, 216, 217, 239, 240, 256, 257, 272, 289, 300 Lehmann, G, 258, 271 Levin, B., 12,23,83-85,91,98,100,101,123, 124,127,139,143,144 Levinson, S., 19, 23 Li, L., 183, 200 // Lightfoot, D. W., 10, 23,94,95,100 // Lind, A., 261, 262, 271 // Live, A. H., 204, 216 // Lyons, J., i, 12, 23, in, 122,149,156 // Mair, G, 2, ii, 14,18, 23,167,182, 258 // Mallén, E., 88,93,98,100 // Manzini, M. R., 85, 99 // Marantz, A., 5, 23 // Massam, D., 140,142,144 // Matthews, P. H., 1,3,6,10,14,15,20,23,27, // 29> Ji. 32, 33. 34, 36, 38, 39 // May, R., 82,100 // McCawley, J. D., 97,100,119,122,143,144 McCoard, R. W., n9,122 McDavid,V, 242, 248, 257 Mervis, C. B., 199, 202 Meyer, G E, 1, 3,6, 23, 27, 33,38, 39,71,98, 99,112,119,139 Michaels, L., 258, 271, 272 Mittwoch, A., 71 Montgomery, M., 300 Moravcsik, E. A., 63,64,72,74 Mulac, A., 243, 247, 250, 257 // Napoli, D. J., 88, 91,98,100 Nesfield, J. G, 123,137,144 // Ni, Y, 139,141,144 Nickel, G, 204, 217 Ninio, A.,71 // Olsson, Y, 204, 217 Oostdijk, N., 13, 21, 23, 24,182 Oosten, J. van, 128,129,135,139,140,144 Ostman, J.-O., 295, 300 // Pagliucca,W., 152,155 Palmer, E R., 1,7,9,12,23,112,121,122,145, 47,156 // Pinker, S., 60,68,74,124,144 Pollock, J.-Y, 9, 23 Postal, R, 10, 21, 23 Poutsma, H., 13, 23, 204, 217 Prince, E. E, 204, 210,
217 Pullum, G, 9, 23,52 // Quinn, A., 13, 24 // Quirk, R., 6,7, 8,9,10,13,14,15, 24, 27, 28, // 29, 3b 32> 37, 38, 39, 40, 43, 46, 48, 53, 54, 63, 74, 139, I44, 156, 159, l66> l67, 182, 183, 186, I9I, I93, 201, 202, 204, 205, 211, 216,217,219,226,240,256,257,261,272, 278, 289, 290, 291, 292, 295, 296, 297, 299> 300,301 // Radford, A., 5, 24, 39, 47,53,98 Randall, J. H., 80,93,95,98, 99,143 Ransom, E. 3, 24, 39 Rapoport,T, 124,139,143 Rappaport, M., 83-85,91,98,100,101,143, 144 // Reichenbach, H., 115,122 Renouf, A., 16, 24 Renský, M., 196, 202, 204, 217 Ricks, G, 258, 271, 272 Rissanen, M., 17, 21, 24, 243, 248, 249, 255, 256 // Roberts, L, 10, 21, 88, 89, 93, 98, 100, 131, 132,136,144 Robins, R. H., 20, 24 Roca, L M., 73,100,143 Roeper,T., 133,136,137,143 Rohdenburg, G., 266, 272 Rosch, E., 199, 202 // }0? INDEX OF NAMES // Rosenbaum, R, 21, 41,53 Ross, J.,9, 24,199, 202 Rosta, A., 12, 20,65,71,98,99,123,140,144, 229 // Rothstein, S., 5, 24,76, 83, 93,96-98,100 // Sacks, H., 18, 24 // Sampson, G., 13, 22, 239 // Sandved, A., 262, 268, 271 // Sato, H., 98,100 // Schegloff, E. A., 18, 24 // Schiffrin, D., 291, 294, 295, 300 // Schlesinger, I. M., 2,5,24,54,58,69,71,74, // 139 . // Schneider, R, 256 // Shapiro, F. R., 258, 272 // Simpson, J., 83,98,101 // Sinclair, J., 16, 24,160,182 // Smith, N. V, 12, 24, 28,121,122,135,144 // Spencer, A., 98, 232 // Stein, G, 204, 208, 217 // Stenström, A.-B., 19, 290 // Stephany, U., 154,156 // Stowell,T., 10, 24, 29,39 // Stroik,T., 140,144
// Svartvik, J., 13, 19, 20, 22-24, 39> 53, 74, 144, 156, 182, 202, 217, 238, 240, 257, 271, 272, 273, 274, 28o, 289, 290,300,301 // Sweet, H., 13, 24, 29,39,139,144 // Tal my, L., 128,144,155 Tenny, C.,73,76 Tesničre, L., 4, 20, 24 Thompson, S. A., 20, 21, 243, 247, 250, 257 Thrax, D., i Toller,T N., 205, 216 Tottie, G, 256 Trask, R. L., 139,144 Traugott, E. C, 112, 122, 152, 154, 156, 256, 257, 258, 271, 272 // Wekker, H., 10, 24 Wichmann, A., 275, 289 Wierzbicka, A., 204, 217 Williams, E. S., 10, 24,76,101 Wilson, D., 9, 23,140 Wood, ET, 137,144, 261, 262, 269, 272 Wright, D., 280, 289 Wunderlich, D.,72,74 // Yamada,Y, 98,101 Yule, G., 294,300 // Žegarac,V, 137,139,142,144 Ziv,Y.,7i // Subject index // Ability 151 // absolute comparative 85 abstract non-count nouns see noun Accomplishment 63 see also Completion, feat actant 20 activo-passive 123 // see also mediopassive, middle (voice) Adjective Phrase (AP) 10-11,15, 29, 31,75,76,77,79,80,81,85,164 complement 11,15,16, 28, 29, 31,97, 183,185,186,197 // adjunct 3,10, 33,34, 36, 46, 48,79, 81, 89.96» 97. Io8> n7> 132,133,14°> 163, 166, 220 // adverb 16,17, 33-34, 46, 87,175,189, 200, 218—239 // adverb combinations 17, 218, 227, 228, 234 // degree adverb 229, 231 manner adverb 89, 260 Affect verbs see verb affected 57,59,66,73,129,140 agent 5,56, 87,125-128,135,139,140, // 142,145,146,147,162, 229, 265 agent-oriented 145,147,148,155 implicit agent 127 Agonist 128 // see also Antagonist, Archagonist, er argument // Agreement
Phrase (AgrP) 9 ambiguous/ambiguity 61,62,64,114, 115,120,121,141,151, 238 American English (AmE) 13,16-18, 20, 21, 23,151-155,184,186, 201, 209, // 212, 216, 239, 257, 259, 267, 268, 275, 289 // Antagonist 128 // Agonist, Archagonist, er argument // APC see Associated Press Corpus apposition 6, 23, 33, 39 Archagonist 128 // jwtf/ro Agonist, Antagonist, er argument // ARCHER 18, 21, 24if argument // er argument 125 // Agonist, Antagonist, Archagonist external argument 5 internal argument 5 aspect taf, 113,119 // Neo-Reichenbachian aspect ir/f aspectuality 102,119 Associated Press Corpus (APC) 184-198, 201 as though 46 ‘attention’ verb see verb auxiliary 9,17, 38, 48,120,125,132,133, 140,148,154,155,163,167,172,179, 278, 280, 286 // auxiliary as main verb 9,120 modal auxiliary see modals semi-auxiliary 18,172, 265, 266 // backshift 104,109 // badly 218, 220, 221-233, 238, 239 // ?07 // 308 SUBJECT INDEX // bare // bare infinitive ?, 12,51,163, // 165-168,171,179, 261, 262, 264-271 bare infinitival complement 268, // because 46 before 46 // ‘beginning’ verb see verb Beneficiary 54-56,67-69 blends 225,229 // British English (BrE) 13,14,18,19, 22, 150,153-155,184, 201, 209, 213, 216, 244, 245, 258, 259, 260, 261, 263, 264, 267, 270, 271, 274, 275 Brown Corpus 13, 212, 221, 242, 267, 27b 275 // C see Comp c-selection 5 // jwrfZrös-selection, selectional restrictions, subcategorisation can 145—155 // Canadian Hansard 184, 201 categories 3, 4,12,14,15, 40,54,78-79, 113,119,121,123,181,192-195,
I97_I99» 234> 270, 276, 277, 285, 286 catenative verb see verb clause function 3, 28-31, 33 cline 112,199, 206, 265 see also gradient, squish Cobuild 51,169,170,177,178,179,182, 256, 257 // cognate object see object collective-distributive 135 collective noun see noun collocations 14,16,17, 22, i32f, 161,165, 209, 218, 220, 233, 234, 239, 240, 276 comment clause 290, 291, 294, 296—299 // type i comment clause 290, 300 type 2 comment clause 300 Comp 3, 4of, 47-50 Comp position 47f Comp-trace effects 49 empty Comp 4yf filled Comp 48f see also complementiser // complement/complementation 2,3, 6-n, 14-16,18, 27-39, 41-42, 45, 45-46, 47, 49.50,51,52,54,76, 81, 82, 96,97,98, io4, ”9, I24, HO, 141,159. 160,161,164-169,172-177,178,179, ISO, 182, 183-202, 204, 212, 219, 243, 245, 247, 252, 253, 254, 258-271, 291 complementiser 40-44, 46, 48-51,99, 246,249,252,254,255,257 Complementiser Phrase (CP) 41, 49, 82,99 // / /-complementiser 3, 4of, 254 see also Comp // Completion 5,63-68,71,73 complex transitive vzthsee transitive complex verb see verb conditional attribute 78 context 36, 37,65, 86,91,97,104, no, in, 119,130,131,132-133,139,147, // 150, ??, 155,173, J?6,177,194,195, 202, 206, 210, 218, 220, 231, 261, 283, 284, 290, 294, 299 // conversion 187,188, 204, 205, 297, 298 copular verb see verb corpus (linguistics) 13-15,159-ißo, 184, 218, 241-243, 258, 260-261, 270 Corpus of Spoken American English 20 macroscopic view 160 miscoscopic view 160 see also entries under corpus names
could 148,153 countability 200 current relevance 115,121 // Defining Participant (DP) 58f, 71,72 multiple DP 59f definite article 4,188-189, 259 degree adverb see also adverb Deontic modality see modality dependency relation 35 depictive 76-82, 84, 87-90,92-94, // 96-99 // see also conditional attribute, predicate, resultative direct objects object direct object restriction 83,93 // Subject index 309 // disassimilation 33-37 discord 191,195 f // Plur-sing discord 191-192 Sing-plur discord 192 subject-complement discord 196 discourse // discourse factors 253, 255, 256 discourse markers 291, 300 discourse signals 291, 300 discourse-specific 290 disjuncts 106, 219, 291, 292, 296, 299 distributional lexicon 218-220, 233, 234, 239 // ditransitive transitive dummy noun see noun dynamic view of language 173, 287 dynamicky 134,137,141,142 // Epistemic modality see modality er argument see argument ergative construction 84, 85,139,143 eventive objects object EVPjw Extended Verb Phrase Existential modality see modality expanded predicate see predicate Experiencer 56 extended predicates predicate Extended Verb Phrase 8 see also verb // extraction 47, 49,99 // Feat 5,64-68,71,73, 201 find 159,160,161-169,179 for 3,4if // prepositional complementiser for 51 fumbles 291 // functions 3,5,10, 27-38,172,173,175, 180—181,190 // Garden-path Constraint 6,68,69,71 generic // generic quantifier 127,141 generic terms 193 genericity 134,136,142 German 4,72,74,146,148,155, 269 Gift 57, 207, 210 // ‘giving’
verb see verb Goal 56,129, 245 Government-Binding Theory (GB) 20, 49, 82 gradable noun see noun gradient 6,16,35,130,136,140,199 see also cline, squish grammatical // grammatical functions 5 grammatical relations 3,6, 23, 2yf, // 73» 74,142,143 // grammaticalisation 18, in—113,142, // 258, 263, 265-270 // hammrflat-consxxucúon 95 f Hansard see Canadian Hansard head 4,7, 37, 40, 43,50, 89,95,96,97, // 98,119,140,164,189-191,193-195, 198,199-200, 226, 233, 234 Hebrew 72 hedge 153,155, 295 help 258,261-271 // Helsinki Diachronic Corpus 17-18, 243, 244, 249-253, 255, 256 how come 50 human // human referent 174 human subject 179,180 Hungarian 72 // I see inflection // IBM/Lancaster Spoken English Corpus (SEC) i84f, 274f if 5,4of // INFL see inflection // imperfective 102,108,118,119,176,180 // implicit agents agent // implicit objects object // Incremental Themes Theme // indirect objects object // infinitival // infinitival complement 23,182, 264, 268, 271 // infinitival to 41,51 infinitive 2, ii, 12, 22, 29, 31, 40,51, 163-168,171,172,174,179, 261-271, 276 // 3? // SUBJECT INDEX // inflection 8,20 // Inflection Phrase (IP) 8, 20, 41 Instrument 54-56,59,60,72,139 International Corpus of English (ICE) 13,20 // interrogative pronoun see pronoun intransitive resultative see resultative // Lancaster-Oslo-Bergen Corpus // (LOB) 13,16,17,18,19, 216, 240, 275 // latency 36,38 // letters 17-19,125, 201, 242, 244-251, 253-256 // jwrf/j-tf ARCHER, Helsinki Diachronic Corpus // lexeme 51,
85,112,123,124, 288 Lexical-Conceptual Structure 124 lexicalisation hi lexical selection (of secondary predicate) 95-98 linker 42, 43, 47,51 LLC see London-Lund Corpus LOB see Lancaster-Oslo-Bergen Corpus // Location 55,56,61,71, no, 113,115-117, 129 // locative 54,60—62,64,65,72 London-Lund Corpus (LLC) 13,14, 19-20, 24, 221 // Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English (LDOCE) 169,170,177,178,179 // manner adverb see adverb matrix clause 10,77,82, 88,174, 242, 243, 254, 291, 294, 296, 297, 299 may 145-155 // medicine (texts) 18,181, 245-250, 255 see ab ARCHER, Helsinki Diachronic Corpus mediopassive 12,123-133,136-142,144 see also activo-passive, middle (voice) mental verbs see verb merger 13,146,151,152,154,155 middle (voice) 123 // see also activo-passive, mediopassive might 148,153 // mistake editor 295 modal remoteness 104 modality i2f, 145 f // Deontic modality 145,154 Epistemic modality 12,13,145—156, 243 // Existential modality 147-148,149, 150 // Root modality 12,13, 43,145-152, // 154 ... see also modals, Root/Epistemic // distinction // modals 9,12,13, 23,106,124,146,148, 155,156,163, 278, 280, 288 see also modality, Root/Epistemic distinction // modification 6, 27, 28, 32-38,190, 205, 208, 294 // monotransitive see transitive motion verb verb must 145,146,147 // Necessity 28, 37,145,146,148,150, 280, 288 // negation, scope of, 88-89 Negative Phrase (NegP) 9 nice properties 112 nominal //w/-clause 290, 291, 294, 296, 298 // non-volitional 87,177-180 Noun 4, 32,
34, 37, 44, 45, 46,51,56, 98, 123,139,171,198, 203-204, 205, 206, 208, 212, 213, 24I, 243, 260, 267 abstract noun 33,189,193,194,195, 196,199 // (abstract) non-count noun 187,193, 200 // collective noun 192 dummy noun 190,191,198 gradable noun 186,189,190,198, // 199 // partitive noun 193 relational noun 194,196 singular count noun 187,189,197, 218 // Subject index 311 // Noun Phrase (NP) 4,15,16, 28, 29, 31, // 37> 42, 44,5? 54, 57, 5 , 59» 6o> 6l> 64, 65,66,67,68,71,72,79-80, 81,164, 172,174,175,177,178,183,185-200, 201, 253, 254, 261, 266, 267, 277 Noun Phrase complement 15,16, 28, 29, 31,51,54,174,175,177,183,187, 196,197, 253, 254 // object 54f // affected object 59 object attribute 76 cognate object 72, 208 direct object 4,5,7,9-11,14, 29, 31, 32, 33,54-73,75,76,77,80, 82, 83-87, 88,91,93,94,95,164,173, 224, 290 object complement 14, 29,76,164, T72,173,176, i85, 187,197,198 eventive object 204, 208, 211, 212, 214, 216 // implicit object 54,67-69,73,85 indirect object 4,14, 33,164, 243 object-related secondary predicate 77,80,93,94 see also conditional attribute, depictive, resultative Obligation 105, no, 145, 280, 288 OED see Oxford English Dictionary operator 27 // Oxford Advanced Eeamer’s Dictionary (OALD) 169,170,177,178,179 Oxford English Dictionary (OED) 218, 228-233, 27° // paradigm, verbal 7 part of speech 1 see also word class participant 20 partitive noun see noun passive construction 162 past participle 102,114,115, 220, 225-228, 232, 233, 238 past tense see
tense Path 6,68,69,71,129 Patient 5,54-57, 85,126,127,129,130, // 139,140,162, 229-231, 239 Percept 54,59 // see also Stimulus, Theme perfect 12,102,105-122,161 perfective 12,102,103,107,119,121,175, 176,180 peripheral // peripheral dependent 3 peripheral elements 3, 34, 36-38 Permission 55,57,145,154,155, 206, 207 Plur-sing discord see discord polysemy 145 // position 7,9,10,18, 20,40,46-51,60, 61,79, 88, 89,92,93, 98,120,185,187, 189,190,196, 204, 219-221, 224, 225, 24I, 262, 285, 291, 292, 294, 295, // 297-299 // Possibility 46,59, 86,107, no, 134,138, 142,145-154,167, 252, 280 pragmatic function 294 predicate // expanded predicate 16, 203-214 extended predicate 216 secondary predicate 75 f stretched predicate 216 predication // Predication Theory 76,93,100 thematically governed predication 76 // preposition 4, 20, 42, 44-46,51, 52, 54, 61-63,65,69,71-73, 81, 200, 259, 265, 266 // prepositional // prepositional complement 172,176 prepositional complementiser 51 prepositional object 54,56,60,63, 65,66,68,124 // Prepositional Phrase (PP) 59,60, 63,79» 80,190 present tense see tense preterite 102-112,115-121 see also (past) tense primary past tense see tense promoted subjects subject pronoun // interrogative pronoun 2,40, 44, 45, // 47. 49- 50,51, i76> 294 Proto Roles 56,57,73 prototype 129,199, 200 // 312 // SUBJECT INDEX // Pseudoclefting 88,92 // Raising-to-Object 10 Recipient 57,67,68 Recoverability Constraint 6,61,62, // 69.71.73 // relational noun see noun ‘rest’ verbs
see verb resultative 76—81, 83-87, 89,92-94, 96—101,163 // see also conditional attribute, depictive, predicate intransitive resultative 93 reversal of syntactic roles see syntactic roles // rhetoric 128,205 Root modality see modality Root/Epistemic distinction 12,145, 146,150,151,154 see also modality, modals // s-selection 5 // see also c-selection, selectional restrictions, subcategorisation saliency 57,58 scope of negation see negation SEC IBM/Lancaster Spoken English Corpus secondary past tense see tense secondary predicate see predicate selectional restrictions 5 // see also c-selection, s-selection, subcategorisation semantic // semantic roles 2,5,12,54-58,61, 296 // semantic verb types 283, 284 semi-auxiliary see auxiliary sermons 17,18, 244-252, 255, 256 ARCHER, Helsinki Diachronic Corpus shared knowledge 295 Sing-plur discord see discord singular count noun see noun skeleton parsing 183, 200, 201 Small Clause (SC) 10, 29,51,76, 81, 85, 94,100 // softeners 291 // Source 23,56,129,141,142,146,159, // 241, 257, 260 Spanish 73,74,87,1Ó0 ‘speaking’ verb see verb Spearman rank-order 71 Split INFL Hypothesis 9 spoken corpora 284 squish 199,202 // see also dine, gradient stallers 294,295 Stimulus 54-56,59 see also Percept, Theme stretched predicates predicate subcategorisation 4 // see also c-selection, s-selection, selectional restrictions subject // subject complement 15, 29-33,176, 184,185,187,191-193,197 subject-complement discord 196 subject demotion 125 subject-predicate
relationship 81 promoted subject 125,139 subject-related secondary predicate 83 subjectivity 148,148,154 subjunctive 43, 44,51,121, 259 subordinate clause 10, 42, 43, 48, 49, 192, 296 // subordinator 40, 46,50,166, 259, 296, 300 // subordinating conjunction 40, 46, // 296 // Survey of English Usage (SEU) 14, // 71,150,155, 216 // synoptic view of language 273, 387 syntactic roles, reversal of, 296 // tense i2f // deictic use of 103,120 past tense 12,102,106,108-111,113, 114,119-121,161,162,171, 238 present tense 102,104-106,108-110, 112,114-116,120,161,171, 238, 286 primary past tense 12,102-106,108, // in // Subject index 313 // secondary past tense 12, lozf Tense Phrase (TP) 9 see also preterite complementiser see complementiser // thematically governed predication see predication // Theme 54-57,76, 85, 87,100,126,127, ?? // Incremental Theme 57 Percept, Stimulus ’ ‘thinking’ verb see verb Tte -Movement 88,92 time // deictic time 103 time of orientation 102 time of situation 102 time referred to 102 time sector/sphere 118 to see infinitival // TOSCA Corpus 161,167,168,181,182 total accountability 159,160 Tö -movement 131,142 transitive 4 // complex transitive 14,164,173,185 ditransitive 6,11,14,15, 32, 80,164, 168-170,179,180, 205 monotransitive 14,15,164—167,169, 170,173-176,178-180, 205 // unaccusative 91 Universal Grammar 23, 40 // valency a, 4, 20, 42, 43, 45,52,59 verb // affect verb 86 ‘attention’ verb 284 ‘beginning’ verb 283, 286 catenative verb 265 verb
collocations 14-15, 2i8f complex transitive verb 14 complex verb 7,9,94 copular verb 14,185,191,195,196 // ditransitive verb 14 ergative 85 ‘giving’ verb 32,57 historical studies of verbs 17-18 intransitive verb 14 mental verb 54,59,72,73 monotransitive verb 14 motion verb 283 ‘rest’ verb 283 ‘speaking’ verb 57 ‘thinking’ verb 283, 284, 286 verb-adverb combinations 17, 218, 227, 228 // verb complementation 2,3,6,11, 14,15, 21, 30-34, 38,159,182; see also complement/complementation Verb Phrase 6f, 20,79, 80, 8if, 88f, 92f // Verb Phrase Preposing 88,92 verbs in speech 18-20 ‘wanting’ verb 283, 286 verbal complex 20 voice i2f // see also mediopassive volitional 87,129,177-180 W see verb // VP-Preposing see verb // want 159,160,161,171-178,179,180 ‘wanting’ verb see verb Wh-interrogative 49 where 47-48 whether 3,4of word class i, 3,4, 275f Word Grammar (WG) 12, 22, 39,52, 123,139,143 // X-Bar Theory 1, 3, 20 // zero 14,18, 46,118,120,172,173, // 187-189,194,197,201,241-257,268, 296 // zero complementiser 24if

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