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Bibliografická citace

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New York : Penguin Books, 1992
xxi, 456 s. ; 20 cm

ISBN 0-14-014435-8 (brož.)
Obsahuje rejstřík
000251039
CONTENTS // PREFACE IX // Part I • The Literature of British America // 1. THE PURITAN LEGACY 3 // 2. AWAKENING AND ENLIGHTENMENT 33 // Part II • From Colonial Outpost to Cultural Province // 3. REVOLUTION AND (IN)DEPENDENCE 6l // 4. AMERICAN NAISSANCE 104 // 5. YEA-SAYING AND NAY-SAYING 139 // Part III • Native and Cosmopolitan Crosscurrents: From Local Color to Realism and Naturalism // 6. SECESSION AND LOYALTY 181 // 7. MUCKRAKERS AND EARLY MODERNS 219 // Part IV • Modernism in the American Grain // 8. OUTLAND DARTS AND HOMEMADE WORLDS 239 // 9. THE SECOND FLOWERING 269 // 10. RADICAL REASSESSMENTS 316 // 11. STRANGE REALITIES, ADEQUATE FICTIONS 369 // INDEX 431 //
INDEX // Abish, Walter, (1931- ), 387; How German Is It, 390 abolitionism, 77, 106, 111, 114, 115, 128, 139, 140, 169, 181-85, 195 Abrams, M. H. (1912- ), 421 absurdism, 375, 381, 389, 391 Acker, Kathy (1948- ): Don Quixote, 393 acmeism, 240 // Adams, Brooks (1848-1927), 231 Adams, Henry (1838-1919), 14, 112, 116, 117, 167, 188, 193, 206, 214, 220, 231, 300, 317, 329, 372, 408, 416; and Wharton, 245; Democracy, 205, 222; The Education of Henry Adams, 214, 218, 220 // Adams, John (1735-1826), 14, 54, 56, 61, 79 // Adams, John Quincy (1767-1848), 14, // 118 // Adams family, 14 // Addison, Joseph (1672-1719), 48, 51, // 417; The Spectator, 44 Adler, Alfred (1870-1937), 324, 328 aestheticism, 212, 217, 225, 233, 235, 250, 319, 333, 344, 352, 365, 367; and existentialism, 367; see also formalism African-Americans, see blacks Agassiz, Louis (1807-73), 110
Agee, James (1909-55), and Evans, Walker: Let Us How Praise Famous Men, 348 // “agitprop” (protest literature), 331, 401 agrarianism, 319-23, 324, 364-65 // Agrarians (Fugitive group), 319-23, 348, 353, 361-62, 397-98; see also New Criticism // Aiken, Conrad (1889-1973), 254, 273, 324; Blue Voyage, 277 Aimard, Gustave (1818-83), 96 Albee, Edward (1928- ), 325; Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?, 327 Alcott, Amos Bronson (1799-1888), 119, 120, 121, 128 Aldington, Richard, 260 Aldrich, Thomas Bailey (1892-1962), 221 Aldridge, John (1922- ): After the Lost Generation, 313 Alexis, Paul (1851-1901), 225 Algren, Nelson (1909-81): The Man with the Golden Arm, 375 allegory, 18, 27, 123, 144-56, 158, 313; Hawthorne’s use of, 146, 151; imagism, 260; “jeremiads,” 11-14, 15, 120; in Melville, 158-59; and Puritan interpretation of settlement, 9, 11; see also romance, American; symbolism; typology Allen, Frederic Lewis (1890-1954): Only Yesterday, 332 American Dream, 4-5, 248, 249, 300, 302, 317, 343, 346, 374, 376; and Puritanism, 9, 12-14 American Indians, see Native Americans American Renaissance, xiv-xv, 103, 104-138, 156, 164, 221, 274 American Review and Literary Journal, 63, 364 // American Revolution, 52, 56-58, 83 // American romance tradition, 84-103, 143, 149, 153-56, 159-60, 189, 191, 203-4, 212, 215-18, 223; see also novel American Writers’ Congress (1935), 333 Ammons, A. R. (1926- ), 397, 399- 400, 405, 411, 413-14;
“Corson’s Inlet,” 414; "Reflective,” 413-14; Sphere: the Form of Motion, 414; Tape for the Turn of the Year, 414 Amygism, 261 anarchism, 270 // Anderson, Margaret (1886-1973), 269 Anderson, Maxwell (1888-1959), 325, // 330; What Price Glory?, 326; Wintersel, 326 // Anderson, Sherwood (1876-1941), 202, 223, 253, 268, 269, 273, 282, 303, 309, 316; death, 373; and radical issues, 332; and regionalism, 323; Dark Laughter, 276, 309, 314; Poor White, 274; Wines-burg, Ohio, 230, 274, 281, 309 Angelou, Maya (1928- ), 393 anthropology, and Structuralism, 419 antinomianism, 29, 40 apocalyptic fiction, 389 Arendt, Hannah (1906-75), 324 Arensburg, Walter (1878-1954), and Louise, 271 Armory Show (1913), 251, 253, 271, 280 art collection, 250 artist, role of, 64-65, 258-59 Arvin, Newton (1900- 63), 110, 222 Ashbery, John (1927- ), 397, 399-400, 412, 413, 414-16; Houseboat Days, 415; Self-Portrait in a Convex Mirror, 415; Shadow Train, 415; Some Trees, 415; The Tennis Court Oath, 415; Three Poems, 415 “Ashcan School” of painting, 271 Aswcll, Edward C. (1900-58), 340 Atlantic Monthly, 116, 129, 203, 210 Auden, W. H. (1907-73), 265, 375, 403 audience, for early American literature, 8; // and “plaine style,” 15-16 Audubon, John James (1785-1851), 94 Austen, Jane (1775-1817), 323 Auster, Paul (1947- ); New York Trilogy, 393 // author, "death” of (Barthes), 420 autobiography, 17-18, 39, 42 -46, 399, 411-12 // Babbitt, living (1865-1933), 257, 272, 273, 319, 349, 350, 362 Babel,
Isaac (1894-1941?), 335, 376 // Baker, George (1866-1935), 328 Baldwin, James (1924-87), 184, 324, 336, 380; Another Country, 380; The Fire Next Time, 380; Giovanni’s Room, 380; Go Tell it on the Mountain, 380; Nobody Knows My Name, 380; Tell Me How Long the Train’s Been Gone, 380 Balzac, Honoré de (1799-1850), 96, 142 Bancroft, George (1800-91), 96-97, 106 Baraka, Imamu Amiri (Leroi Jones) // (1924- (,380-81,400-1,402,405; Black Magic, 401; Dutchman, 401; “The Myth of a Negro Literature," 401 Barker, James Nelson (1784-1858): The Indian Princess, 78; Tears and Smiles, 78 Barlow, Joel (1754-1812), 61, 84, 92; The Columbiad, 51, 64, 68, 69; The Hasty Pudding, 69; The Vision of Columbus, // 68 // Barnes, Djuna (1892-1982), 334; Night-wood, 342 Barr, Stringfeliow (1897-1982), 364 Barth, John (1930- ), 387, 388-89, 399-400, 413; metafiction, 383; Chimera, 389; The End of the Road, 389; The Floating Opera, 389; “Life-Story,” // 388-89; Lost in the Funhouse, 388; The Sot-Weed Factor, 49, 389 Barthelme, Donald (1931-89), 387, 413; // metafiction, 383; Sixth Stories, 390 Barthes, Roland (1915-80), 211; “Death of the Author,” 420 Bartram, William (1739-1823), Travels, 94 Baudelaire, Charles (1821-67), 138 Bay Psalme Book, 8, 16, 53 Beat Generation, 386-87, 395-97, 399, 412; and Burroughs, 397; and Robert Lowell, 408 Beckett, Samuel (1906-89), 375, 386, 388 Beecher, Lyman (1775-1863), 182 Bell, Alexander Graham (1847-1922), 188 Bell, Daniel (1919- ), 370 Bellamy, Edward (1850-
98), 222; Looking Backward, 208 Bellow, Saul (1915- ), 335, 374, 376, 378-79, 381, 386; and drama, 326; Nobel Prize for Literature, 378; The Aven-tures of Augie March, 378; Dangling Man, 374, 378; The Dean’s December, 379; Flenderson the Rain King, 378; Herzog, 378-79; Humboldt’s Gift, 378, 407; More Die of Heartbreak, 378, 379; Mr. Sammler’s Planet, 378; The Victim, 375, 378 // Berenson, Bernard (1865-1959), 218 // Berger, Thomas (1924- ), 383 Bergson, Henri (1859-1941), 219, 270 Berkeley, George, Bishop (1685-1753), xi, 429;“On . . . Planting Arts Learning in America,” 47-48, 52, 54 Berryman, John (1914-72), 399, 405-7, 413; “Dream Songs,” 406-7; Homage to Mistress Bradstreet, 21, 406 Beveridge, Albert J. (1862-1927), 239 Beverly, Robert, 35 (c. 1673 4-K. 1722); History and Present Stale of Virginia, 33-34 // Bible, 18; Authorized Version, 4; and interpretation of American settlement, // 9, 10; and “plaine style,” 16; and Puritan allegory, 28 Biely, Andrei (1880-1934): Saint Petersburg, 345 // Bierce, Ambrose (1842-1914), 186, 192-193, 235; In the Midst of Life, 227; The Devil’s Dictionary, 193 Bird, Robert Montgomery (1806-54): The Adventures of Robin Day, 102; Nick of the Woods, 101 Bishop, Elizabeth (1911-79), 291, 404, 405, 429; "The Armadillo,” 409 black (gallows) humor, 344, 376, 382, 383, 389 // Black Mountain Poets, 412-14 Black Repertory Theater of Harlem, // 401 // blacks, 184-85, 192, 193, 234-35, 277, 313, 333, 380-81, 419, 428;
black consciousness movement, 336, 400-401; civil rights movement, 403; depiction of, 184-85; desegregation in schools, 400; Harlem Renaissance, 235, 276, // 324, 332, 336, 400; novel in 1930s, 336-37; poetry, 400-403; postwar writers, 400-403; protest literature, 401-403; race riots, 400, 401; and separatism, 380-81; slave narratives, 400, 402; women writers, 381, 393, 403; writing of undervalued, 428 Blake, William (1757-1827), 406 Blast magazine, 262 // Bloom, Harold (1930- ), xvi, 421; The Anxiety of Influence, 426 Bloomsbury group, 259 Bly, Robert (1926- ), 413 Boas, Franz (1858-1942): The Mind of Primitive Man, 372 Bogan, Louise (1897-1970), 348 Bonn, John: 15 Minute Red Review, // 331 // Bontemps, Arna (1902-73), 400 Boone, Daniel (1734-1820), 62, 286, 353-354 // Booth, Wayne (1921- ), 366 Borges, Jorge Luis (1899-1986), 386, 388, 389 // Boston, 106, 110-11, 132, 331, 409; Brah-minism, 111-17; as cultural center, 62, 77, 90; and Henry James, 215, 216; and Howells, 208-9; in The Scarlet Letter, 144-45 bourgeois taste, 62 // Bourne, Randolph (1886-1918), 263, 272, 273, 346 // Boyd, Thomas (1898-1935): Through the Wheat, 296 Boynton, Percy (1875-1946), xv Brackenridge, Hugh Henry (1748-1816), 78; "The Modern Chevalier,” 90; Modern Chivalry, 90 Bradford, William (1590-1657), 14, 15, // 17, 52; Of Plimouth Plantation, 10-14 Bradley, F. H. (1846-1924), 351 Bradstreet, Anne (c. 1612 -72), 21-23, 70, 404, 405, 406; "The Author to Her Book,” 22; The Tenth Muse, Lately Sprung
up in America, 22 Brahminism, 111-17 Brandes, Georg (1842-1927), 355 Brautigan, Richard (1935 - 84): The Hawk-line Monster, 390; Trout Fishing in America, 390 Breslin, Jimmy (1930- ), 382-83 Brook Farm, 121-22, 143, 150 Brooks, Cleanth (1906-90), 313, 366, 367, 397, 398; and Warren, Roben Penn; Understanding Poetry, 322, 323, 365, 366; see also New Criticism Brooks, Gwendolyn (1917- ), 402, 403; Annie Allen, 402; A Street in Bronze-ville, 402 // Brooks, Van Wyck (1886-1963), xiii-xiv, 240, 258, 263, 273, 348, 354, 355-56; America’s Coming of Age, 271-72 , 318, 352; “Makers and Finders” sequence, 272; “On Creating a Usable Past,” 318-19; The Pilgrimage of Henry James, 316 // Brown, Charles Brockden (1771-1810), // 63, 85-90, 102, 132, 137, 152; life of, 81; Arthur Mervyn, 86, 87, 88; Edgar Huntly, 86-87, 88; Ormond, 86, 87, 88; “The Rhapsodist," 85 -86; Wieland (An American Tale), 86, 87, 88 Brown, John (1800-59), 128 // 434 • Index // Brown, William Hill (1765-93): The Power of Sympathy; or, The Triumph of Nature, 83-84 Brown, William Wells (1816-84), 184-185, 234; Clotel; or, The President’s Daughter, 184 Browne, Charles Farrar (“Artemus Ward”) (1834-67), 192, 195 Browne, Maurice (1881-1955), 270, 271 Browning, Robert (1812-89), 255 Brownson, Orestes (1803-76), 106, 119, 120, 121 // Bryant, Edwin (1805 - 69): What I Saw in California, 140 Bryant, William Cullen (1794-1878), 61, 70-71, 73, 74-78, 94, 117, 122, 181, 221; ‘‘The Death of the Flowers," 75; “Forest
Hymn,” 77; “The Prairies," 76; “Thanatopsis,” 74, 106; “To a Fringed Gentian,” 75; “To a Waterfowl,” 76; "The Yellow Violet,” 75 Bryher, see Ellerman, A. W. // Buffon, Georges Louis Leclerc, Duke of (1707-88), 87 Bunyan, John (1628-88), 18, 26; Pilgrim’s Progress, 28, 43 Burke, Edmund (1729-97), 68; Revolution in France, 57 Burke, Kenneth (1897- ), 274, 366 Burns, Robert (1759-96), 74, 122; The Cotter’s Saturday Night, 115 Burr, Aaron (1756-1836), 353 Burroughs, Williams (1914- ), 386; and Beat Generation, 397; ]unkie, 387, 397; The Naked Lunch, 381, 387, 397; Nova Express, 387; The Soft Machine, 387; The Ticket That Exploded, 387 Bushnell, Horace (1802 -76), 417 Butler, Samuel (1835-1902): Hudibras, 66 Byles, Mather (1707-88), 49-50; Bombastic and Grubstreel Style: A Satire, 50; “To an Ingenious Young Gentleman,” 50 // Byrd, William, II (1674-1744), 35-37, 119; The History of the Dividing Line Betwixt Virginia and North Carolina . . . , 36; A journey to the Land of Eden in the Year 1733, 36; A Progress to the Mines in the Year 1732, 36; Secret Diary, 36-37 Bvron George Gordon, sixth Baron (1788-1824), 73, 91, 113; Don Juan, 62 // Cabell, James Branch (1879-1958): Jurgen, 21 A, 297 // Cable, George Washington (1844-1925), 185, 187; The Grandissimes, 192; Old Creole Days, 192 Cahan, Abraham (1860-1951), 209; The Rise of David Levinsky, 332, 334-35; Yekl: A Tale of the New York Ghetto, 234 // California, 338-39; and regionalism, 192, 324 // California Gold
Rush, 140 Calverton, V. F. (1900-40), 319, 349; The Liberation of American Literature, 321, 359-60, 361 Calvinism, 26, 74, 111-12; see also Puritanism Calvino, Italo (1923- ), 391 Cambridge History of American Literature, 350 // Campbell, Thomas (1777-1844), 91 Camus, Albert (1913—60), 375; L’Etran-ger, 336 // capitalism, and Postmodernism, 392 Capote, Truman (1924- 84), 375; In Cold Blood, 382 // Carlyle,Thomas(1795-1881), 118,121,169 Carman, Bliss (1861-1929), 235 Carnegie, Andrew (1835-1919), 222 Carolina, novels of, 101 Carver, Raymond (1938-88): Cathedral, 393 // Cassirer, Ernst (1824-1945), 418 Cather, Willa (1873-1947), 243, 246-47, 248, 252, 273, 404; and regionalism, 247, 323; Death Comes for the Archbishop, 247, 314; A Lost Lady, 247; My Antonia, 274; My Mortal Enemy, 247; Not Under Forty, 193; K Pioneers!, 247; The Professor’s House, 247, 276; Shadows on the Rock, 247; The Song of the Lark, 247 Catholicism, 33, 67, 408-9 Centennial Exhibition (Philadelphia), // 188 // Cervantes, Miguel de (1547-1616): Don Quixote de la Mancha, 82, 90 Channing, William Ellery (1780-1842), 105, 106 // Channing, William Ellery (1818-1901), 61 Charleston, as cultural center, 90 Chase, Richard (1914- 62), 89, 355; The American Novel and Its Tradition, xiv Chateaubriand, Franqois René (1768— 1848): Atala, 62, 99 Cheever, John (1912-82): Falconer, 384; The Wapshot Chronicle, 384 // Index ■ 435 // Cheney, Harriet V. (1796-?): A Peep at the Puritans, 103 Chesnutt, Charles W. (1858-1932),
400; The Conjure "Woman, 234; The Marrow of Tradition, 234; The Wife of His Youth, 234 Chicago, 223, 224, 229, 235, 241, 242, // 243, 260, 269, 271, 281, 324, 336; see also city // Chicago Haymarket Riots (1886), 209 Chicago Renaissance, 282 Chicago World’s Columbian Exposition (1893), 188, 223, 235, 279 Chopin, Kate (1851-1904), 194, 404; At Fault, 193; The Awakening, 192, 193, 233-34 Ciardi, John (1916-86), 412 cinema, 134, 325-26, 329, 330, 331, 345, 382; Hollywood, 301-2, 309, 325, 343-344; see also drama city: and blacks, 381; as new frontier, 188, 221; and sense of fragmentation, 325; as subject of novel, 87-88, 208, 223-24, 229, 345, 375; as subject of poetry, 281, 288; see also specific cities civil rights movement, 380, 403 Civil War, American, 77, 117, 155, 163, 166, 169, 181-82, 184- 87, 211, 246, 309, 409; and Dickinson, 174; secession issue, 182 // Clemens, Samuel Langhorne, see Twain, Mark codes, structural, 423 Cold War, 371, 375, 408, 429 Cole, Nathan (1711?—65?): Spiritual Travels, 17 // Cole, Thomas (1801-48), 98 Coleridge, Samuel Taylor (1772-1834), // 75, 91, 118, 293; Biographia Literaria, 123 // collage technique, 346 collectivism, K62-63 Collins, Seward (1889-1952), 364 Colonial period, 3-58 Columbian Exposition, see Chicago World’s Columbian Exposition Columbus, Christopher (1451-1506), 4 -5, 68, 286 // communications revolution, xviii, 370, // 429 // Communism, see Marxism confessional poetry, 405-11 Congregationalism, 183; see also Puritanism Congreve,
William (1670-1729), 35 // Connecticut (or Hartford) Wits, 51-52, 66-69 // Conrad, Joseph (1857-1924), 299; and Crane, 227 Conroy, Jack (1899- ), 333; The Disinherited, 337 consciousness raising, 399, 419 Constitution, U.S., 55, 56 constructivism, 240 // Cooke, Ebenezer (1672 ?—1730): “The Sot-Weed Factor,” 49 Coolidge, Calvin (1872-1933), 276, 317 Cooper, James Fenimore (1789-1851), 64, 74, 95-103, 122, 149, 152, 196, 197, 221, 352, 356; Afloat and Ashore, 103; The American Democrat, 100; The Bravo, 100; The Chainbearers, 100; The Deerslayer, 97, 100-101; The Headsman, 100; The Heidenmauer, 100; // Home As Found, 100; Homeward Bound, 100; The Last of the Mohicans, 97, 98-99; The Leatherstocking Tales, 97; "Littlepage Trilogy,” 100, 101; // Miles Wallingford, 103; The Monikins, 100; Notions of the Americans, 96; The Pathfinder, 97, 100; The Pilot, 98; The Pioneers, 97-98; The Prairie, 77, 97, 99; Precaution, 97; The Redskins, 100; Sa-tanstoe, 100; The Spy, 97; The Wept of Wish-ton-Wish, 98 Coover, Robert (1932- ): metafiction, 383; Gerald’s Party, 390; A Night at the Movies, 390; Pricksongs and Descants, // 389-90; The Public Burning, 382, 390 Copley, John (1738-1815), 53 copyright agreements, 62, 191, 197-98 Corbiěre, Tristan (1845 -75), 256, 279 Corso, Gregory (1930- ), 396 Cortés, Hernan (1485-1547), 5, 286 cosmopolitanism, 258, 267, 272, 285 Cotton, John (1584-1652), 16-17, 356; // preface to Bay Psalme Book, 16 Cowley, Malcolm (1898-1989), 50, 274, 320, 332; on
formalism, 366; on war writing, 374; The Literary Situation, // 373; The Second Flowering, 278 Crane, Han (1899-1932), 265 - 66, 274; and cultural nationalism, 317; and radical issues, 332; The Bridge, 68, 172, // 267, 277, 288, 345; White Buildings, // 277 // Crane, R. S. (1886-1967), 366 Crane, Stephen (1871-1900), 192 - 93, // 209, 218, 226-229, 235; The Black Rider and Other Lines, 226; “The Blue // 436 • Index // Crane, Stephen (coul.) // Hotel,” 227; George’s Mother, 227; Maggie: A Girl of the Streets, 224, 227; ’The Open Boat,” 224-25, 227; The Red Badge of Courage, 186, 227-29 Crashaw, Richard (1612?—49), 23 Greeley, Robert (1926- ), 412 Crěvecoeur, J. Hector St. Jean de (1735— 1813): Letters from an American Farmer, xyii, 37, 41, 78, 352 critic, role of, 366 // criticism, feminist, xviii, 183, 403-4, 426; // see also New Criticism cubism, 240, 250, 262, 266, 271, 276, 292, 324-25, 414 Cullen, Countee (1903-46), 324, 400, 402 Culler, Jonathan (1944- ), 424, 425-26 cultural nationalism, xii, xvii, 46-52, 61-KK, 104-7, 119-20, 155, 316-24, 349-350; see also Europe, cultural influence of; tradition culture, popular, 330-31 culture, American, pervasiveness of, 370 cummings, e. e. (1894-1962), 274, 407; and drama, 326; and World War I, // 295; The Enormous Room, 296, 314; Tulips and Chimneys, 275; XLI Poems, 276 // cybernetic fiction, 344, 391 // dadaism, 271, 342, 391; see also surrealism Dahlberg, Edward (1900-77): Bottom Dogs, 333, 337 Daily Eagle (Brooklyn),
169 Dana, Charles Anderson (1819-97), 352 Dana, Richard Henry, Jr. (1815 —82), 106; // Two Years Before the Mast, 102, 103 Dante Alighieri (1265-1321), 169; Divine Comedy, 109-10 Daudet, Alphonse (1840-97), 212 Davidson, Donald (1893-1968), 322, 323, 362 - 64 // Davis, Rebecca Harding (1831-1910), 222 De Forest, John William (1826-1906), 182-83; “The Great American Novel,” 190; Miss Ravenel’s Conversion, 185, 186, 187 // Debs, Eugene V. (1855-1926), 270 Decadence, 254, 255-56, 258, 292, 309 Declaration of Independence, 42, 51, 55, 56, 188 // Deconstructionism, 387, 392, 419, 425, 426-27; see also Derrida, Jacques Defoe, Daniel (1660?—1731), 45; Colonel Jack, 82; Moll Flanders, 28, 82 // Deism, 48, 65, 67, 68, 71-72, 74 Dell, Floyd (1887-1969), 269-70, 271, 319, 359 de Man, Paul, 421, 425, 426 democracy, 166,208-9; in Whitman, 166, 167 // Depression, see Great Depression Derrida, Jacques (1930- ), 423, 425, // 426; “Structure, Sign, and Play in the Discourse of the Human Sciences,” 426 desegregation in schools, 400 determinism, 201-3, 208-9, 224, 229, // 230, 328; see also naturalism Dewey, John (1859-1952), 250; and pragmatist tradition, 420; see also pragmatism Dial, The, 122, 141, 290 dialect, see regionalism diaries, see journals Dickens, Charles (1812 -70), 107, 142, // 163, 181, 203; Martin Chuzzlewit, 197 Dickey, James (1923- ), 375, 394, 412 Dickinson, Emily (1830- 86), 22, 26, 129, 173-77, 185, 204, 404, 405; compared to Whitman, 172-73; influence of, 413;
and Moore, 290-91; poetic style, 174-175; “I dwell in possibility,” 174; “I heard a Fly buzz when I died,” 175; "Renunciation—is a piercing Virtue,” 174; "The Soul selects her own Society,” 174 Didion, Joan (1934- ), 382 -83 “dirty” realism, 393 discourse theory (Foucault), 420, 425 Döblin, Alfred: Berlin Alexanderplatz, 345 Doctorow, E. L. (1931- ), 376; documentary writing, 287, 332, 333, 382; domestic life, 35; Puritan accounts of, 17— 18; Billy Bathgate, 382; The Book of Daniel, 377, 382, 390; Ragtime, 382 Donne, John (1572-1631), 6, 23, 174, // 256, 306, 367, 398, 408 Donnelly, Ignatius (1831-1901), 222; Caesar’s Column, 208 Doolittle, Hilda (H. D.) (1886-1961), // 254, 256, 259, 261, 273, 284-85, 289, 290, 404; and Poetry magazine, 279; Collected Poems, 276; Sea Garden, 256 Dos Passos, John (1886-1970), 262, 273-274, 333, 344-347; and American speech, 286; and film, 325; and Marxism, 319, 321, 359; and radical issues, 332; and World War I, 295; The Big Money, 344; The 42nd Parallel, 277, // 344; Manhattan Transfer, 276, 314, 345; // Index • 437 // Mid-Century, 347; 1919, 344; One Man’s Initiation—1917, 274, 296, 345; Three Soldiers, 275, 296, 345; U.S.A., 277, 334, 344-47, 382, 394-95 Dostoyevsky, F. (1821-81), 142, 270; // Notes from the Underground, 162 Douglas, Stephen (1813-61), 55 Douglass, Frederick (1817-95), 400; The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, 184, 234 Dove, Rita (1952- ), 402 Dowson, Ernest (1867-1900), 254 Drake, Joseph
Rodman (1795-1820), 73; // “Culprit Fay,” 73 drama, 18-19, 20, 78-81, 268, 271, 325-331, 354, 374; black, 401; and improvisation, 387; local groups, 331; and propaganda, 331; “total theater,” 387; see also cinema Drayton, Michael (1563-1631), 6, 34 Dreiser, Theodore (1871-1945), 223, 230, 235, 241-43, 282, 337, 338, 378; and Marxism, 319; and radical issues, 332; An American Tragedy, 248, 249, 276, 299, 336; The Financier, 247; Jennie Gerhardt, 224, 247; Sister Carrie, 223, 224, 225, 241-43, 247; The Stoic, 247; The Titan, 247 drug use, 395-97 // Du Bartas, Guillaume (1544-90), 22 DuBois, W. E. B. (1868-1963), 324, 400; // The Souls of Black Folk, 235 Dunbar, Paul Laurence (1872-1906), 400; Lyrics of the Lowly Life, 234; The Sport of the Gods, 234; The Uncalled, 234 Duncan, Robert (1919-88), 396, 412 Dunlap, William (1766-1839): André, 81; History of the American Theatre, 81; History of the Rise and Progress of the Arts of Design in the United States, 81; The Life of Charles Brockden Brown, 81 Dürer, Albrecht (1471-1528), 5 Duyckinck, Evert (1816-78), 164 Dwight, Timothy (1752-1817), 51, 67-68, 83; The Conquest of Canaan, 64, 67; Greenfield Hill, 67-68; Travels in New England and New York 1769-1819, 94; The Triumph of Infidelity, 67 // Eastman, Max (1883-1969), 359 Eberhardt, Richard (1904- ), 412 Eby, Edwin Harold (1900—88), 357 Eco, Umberto (1932- ), 391 Edinburgh Review, 74 Edison, Thomas A. (1847-1931), 188 // Edwards, Jonathan (1703-58), 34, 38-40, 41, 84, 120,
356; A Careful and Strict Enquiry, 39; History of the Work of Redemption (planned), 39; Images or Shadows of Divine Things, 40; “Of Insects,” 39; “Of the Rainbow," 39; Personal Narrative, 18, 39, 46; “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God,” 17; Treatise Concerning Religious Affections, 39 Eggleston, Edward (1837-1902): The Hoosier Schoolmaster, 191 Einstein, Albert (1879-1955), 324, 376 Eliot, George (Marv Ann Evans) (1819— 80), 183, 206, 215; Adam Bede, 190 Eliot, T. S. (1888-1965), 53, 203. 241, 254, 256, 257, 258, 259, 261, 263, 268, 272, 273, 291, 373; and autonomy of literature, 366; and Barnes, 342; declining influence of, 397, 398, 399; doctrine of poetic impersonality, 284; expatriation, 316; and Fitzgerald, 276, 299; formal devices, 412; and formalist tradition, 420; influence, 398, 399; literary criticism, 349-52, 397, 418; literary education, 350-51; and Robert Lowell, 408; and Moore, 290, 291; and New Criticism, 323, 363; 366-67; and Poetry magazine, 279; and Pound, 258-59, 264; review of Cambridge History of American Literature, 350; on Southern “Fugitive” group, 322-23, 363; on Twain, 203; and William Carlos Williams, 285; “American Literature and the American Language,” 350; Ash Wednesday, 265, 277; The Cocktail Party, 326; The Dry Salvages, 265; The Four Quartets, 265, 397; The Hollow Men, 276; “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock,” 257, 265, 280, 405; Murder in the Cathedral, 326; Poems, 275; Poems 1909-29, 275, 276; Prufrock and Other Observations,
264; The Sacred Wood, 264, 275, 349; “Tradition and the Individual Talent,” xiv, 258, 322, 422-23; The Waste Und, 261, 263, 264-66, 275, 284, 285, 288, 296, 395, 398, 422-23 elitism, 428 // Elkin, Stanley (1930- ), 344, 376, 377, 383; A Bad Man, 377; The MacGuffin, 377; The Rabbi of Lud, 377 Ellerman, A. W. (Bryher) (1894-1983), 290 // Ellis, Bret Easton (1964- ): Less Than Zero, 393 // 438 • Index // Ellison, Ralph (1914- ), 324, 336; Invisible Man, 380 Emancipation Proclamation, 182 Emerson, Ralph Waldo (1802-82), 26, 41, 61, 75, 104, 112, 118-25, 127-29, 130, 131, 138, 139, 141-44, 173, 181, 182, 185, 188- 89, 211, 268; “American Scholar” address, 32, 105, 119-20, 124; on American society, 13; compared to Dickinson, 173, 176, 177; on democracy, 209; on Hawthorne, 151; literary criticism, 149, 348; Melville on, 164; notion of Over-Soul, 77, 122, 130, 142, 160; on Poe, 134; and poetry of ideas, 399; and pragmatist tradition, 420; on Whitman, xvi, 166, 170-71; "The Apology," 126; "Brahma,” 165; "Circles,” 122; “The Divinity School Address,” 124, 139; English Traits, 124, 140; Essays, 124; “Experience,” 177; “Fate,” 177; Journals, 106, 124, 141; May-Day, 124; Nature, 105, 118-19, 120, 124; ’ “The Over-Soul," 120; Poems, 124; The Poet, 77, 122-23, 125; “Politics,” 177; Representative Men, 105-6, 120-21, // 124; “Self-Reliance,” 120, 125, 153; “The Transcendentalist,” 119 Emmet, Daniel Decatur (1815-1904): “Dixie,” 185 Enlightenment, 33-58,
83, 107-17, 119, 286 // epic, 66-78, 169-70, 288-89, 344-47, 378; political, 68; heroic, 48, 67 Episcopalianism, 33 // epistemological revolution, 421-23, 427-428; see also Heraclitus, pragmatism Europe: cultural influence of, 62, 91-103, 196, 206, 210-18, 295-96, 324, 341, 350-68, 369, 370, 388, 390-91, 397; immigration from, 221; Modernism in, 240, 388, 390-91; novel in, 142 -43, 190, 388, 390-91; revolutions of 1840s, 140, 141; see also cultural nationalism; expatriation; tradition European colonization, 3-6, 353 Evans, Nathanael (1742-67), 49 Evans, Walker (1903-75), and Agee, James: Let Us Now Praise Famous Men, 348 // Evening Post (New York), 75 Everett, Edward (1794-1865), 56, 92, 106 Evers, Medgar (1925 - 63), 400 existentialism, 375, 391 expatriation, x, 53, 64, 91-93, 95, 100-101, 117, 154, 190, 194, 205, 212-13, // 218, 226, 239-68, 270-78, 282 - 95, // 302, 303, 304, 314, 316-24, 340, 352, 363, 375-93; end of, 332; of Henry Miller, 340; in novel, 304 expressionism, 240, 393, 414 // Farrell, James T. (1904-79), 337; Judgment Day, 337; Young Lonigan, 337; The Young Manhood of Studs Lonigan, KK // Fascism, 333, 343 // Faulkner, William (1897-1962), 26, 186, 193, 246, 253, 262, 268, 274, 308-14, 323, 325, 334, 373; on American speech, 294; critical reception, 314, // 315; and drama, 326; and Hollywood, 325; Nobel Prize for Literature, 313; on war, 371; and World War I, 295; Absalom, Absalom!, 311, 312-13; As I Lay Dying, 277, 311, 312; “The Bear,” 313; A Fable, 313;
Go Down, Moses, 313; // The Hamlet, 313; Light in August, 311, // 312; The Mansion, 313; The Marble Faun, 276; Mosquitoes, 277, 309; The Reivers, 313; Sanctuary, 277, 311, 312; Sartoris, 277, 309-10; Soldier’s Pay, 277, 296, 309; The Sound and the Fury, 277, 310-11; The Town, 313; The Unvanquished, 313 Federal Writer’s Project, 348 Federalist Papers, The (1787-88), 56, 57 Federman, Raymond (1928- ): Take It or Leave It, 390 Feidelson, Charles (1928- ): Symbolism and American Literature, xiv feminist criticism, xviii, 183, 403-4, 426 feminist fiction, xviii, 381, 393, 403-5 Fenellosa, Ernest (1853-1908), 255 Ferlinghetti, Lawrence (1928- ), 395 Ferraro, Geraldine (1935- ), 403 fictions, see writing the meaning of America; Stevens, Wallace Fiedler, Leslie (1917- ): Love and Death in the American Novel, xiv, xv Fielding, Henry (1707-54): Joseph Andrews, 82 films, see cinema // Fireside Poets (Schoolroom Poets), 77, 115-17, 131, 189, 204 Fish, Stanley (1938- ), 421, 424 Fitzgerald, F. Scott (1896-1940), 262, // 273, 297-303, 316, 322, 333-34; critical reception, 314; death, 373; and Hemingway, 302-303, 307; and Hollywood, 325; and World War I, 295; The // Beautiful and Damned, 275, 298; “The Crack-Up,” 298, 301; “Early Success,” 301; Flappers and Philosophers, 275, // 298; The Great Gatshy, 9, 44, 248-49, 276, 296, 299-300, 301, 314; The Last Tycoon, 301-2, 343; Tales of the Jazz Age, 298; Tender Is the Night, 299, 301; This Side of Paradise, 273, 274, 296,
297-98 // Fitzgerald, Zelda (1900-48), 298, 300, // 301 // Flaubert, Gustave (1821-80), 142, 190, 212, 246; Trois Contes, 250 Fletcher, John Gould (1886-1950), 254, 256, 363 Flint, F. S. (1885-1960), 256, 260 folktales, 234 // Ford, Ford Madox (Hueffer) (1873-1939), 256, 259 Ford, Richard: The Sportswriter, 393 formalism, 251-68, 276-77, 291, 302, 309-15, 349, 351, 364, 366, 367, 368, 378, 384, 393, 399, 418-19, 420; and semiology, 420-22; and Structuralism, 420; see also aestheticism Fortune magazine, 348 Foster, Hannah (1759-1840), The Coquette, 84 Foster, Stephen (1826- 64), 234 Foucault, Michel (1926-84), on “disappearance of the subject," 420, 425 Foxe, John (1516-87): Book of Martyrs, // 15 // France, 391; existentialism, 375; symbolist poets, 130, 138; see also Europe; expatriation; Paris Frankfurt School, 419 Franklin, Benjamin (1706-90), 34, 38, 41-47, 52-54, 65, 119, 168, 352, 256; The Autobiography, 18, 42 - 46; A Dissertation of Liberty and Necessity, 41; Do-good Papers, 46-47; “Information for Those Who Would Remove to America,” 42; Poor Richard’s Almanack, 42 Frazer, Sir James (1854-1941): The Golden Bough, 428 Frederic, Harold (1856-91): The Damnation of Theron Ware, 224, 233 Freeman, Joseph (1897-1965): Proletarian Literature in the United States, 321 Freeman, Mary E. Wilkins (1852-1930): // A Humble Romance, 404; A New England Nun, 193 Frege, Gottlob, 419 Frémont, John Charles (1813-90): The // Exploring Expedition in the Rocky Mountains, 140 French Revolution
(1789), 56, 68; (1830), 100 // Freneau, Philip (1752-1832), xii, 54, 62-63, 70-73, 90; and Brackenridge, Hugh Henry, “Poem ... on the Rising Glory of America,” xii, 51, 64; "The American Village,” 71; “The Deserted Farmhouse,” 71; “The Indian Burying Ground,” 71; “On Mr. Paine’s Rights of Man,” 71; “On the Religion of Nature,” 72; “On the Uniformity and Perfection of Nature,” 72; "Reflections on the Constitution or Frame of Nature,” 72; “Science, Favourable to Virtue,” 72; “The Wild Honey Suckle,” 71 Freud, Sigmund (1856-1939), 219, 270, 300, 324, 328, 349, 354, 376, 406, 425 Friedman, Bruce Jay (1930- ), 383 frontier, see West // Frost, Robert (1874-1963), 30, 114, 256, 259, 268, 273, 282-84, 316, 394, 403; influence of, 413; and Poetry magazine, 280; as public figure, 398; and regionalism, 323; A Boy’s Will, 257, 282; "After Apple-Picking,” 282; “Design,” 283; "For Once, Then, Something,” 283; “Mending Wall," 282; New Hampshire, 283; North of Boston, 257, 282; "The Oven Bird,” 284; “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening,” 283 Fruitlands, 122 // Frye, Northrop (1912-91): archetypes, 419; Anatomy of Criticism, 419 Fuchs, Daniel (1909- ), 335 Fugitive, The, magazine, 322, 362, 363 Fugitive-Agrarian group, see Agrarians Fuller, Henry Blake (1857-1929): the Cliff-Dwellers, 223 Fuller, Margaret (1810-50), 106, 119, 121, 140, 154, 404; At Home and Abroad, 140; Summer on the Lakes, 140; Woman in the Nineteenth Century, 141 futurism,
240, 256 // Gaddis, William (1922- ), 344; metafiction, 383; Carpenter’s Gothic, 390; JR, 390; The Recognitions, 390 Gage, Thomas (1721-87), 66 Gaines, Ernest (1933- ), 381 Gale, Zona (1874-1938), 271 Gandhi, Mahatma (1869-1948), 128 Garland, Hamlin (1860-1940), 194, 209, 223, 229; “A Branch Road,” 229; // Garland, Hamlin (coul.) // Crumbling Idols, 226; Main-Travelled Roads, 224, 229; Prairie Folks, 229; // Rose of Dutch er’s Coolly, 229; A Spoil of Office, 205; “Up the Coulee,” 229 Garrison, William Lloyd (1805 -79), 114; // “Universal Emancipation,” 141 Gass, William H, (1924- ), 387; metafiction, 383; Fiction and the Figures of Life, 389; In the Heart of the Heart of the Country, 389; Omensetter’s Luck, 389; Willie Master’s Lonesome Wife, // 389 // gay fiction, 393 // Geertz, Clifford (1926- ), 424-25 General Magazine and Historical Chronicle, The, 42 // Genteel Tradition, xiii, 77, 110, 113, 170, 171, 189, 196, 201, 207, 209, 220-21, 226-35, 258, 270-78, 293, 349, 366 George, Henry (1839-1937): Progress and Poverty, 222 Georgian school of poetry, 282 Gilded Age, 116, 117, 166, 170, 188-94, 196-98, 203-4, 218, 245 Gilman, Charlotte Perkins (1860-1935), 404 // Ginsberg, Allen (1926- ), 289, 376, // 395 -97, 399, 401, 405; and Beat Generation, 397; and Robert Lowell, 408; “Howl,” 395-96, 399; “Kaddish,” 396;’ “Supermarket in California,” 396 Giovanni, Nikki (1943- ), 403 Glasglow, Ellen (1894-1945), 186, 193, 246, 248, 323; Barren
Ground, 246, 276; The Battle Ground, 246; Vein of Iron, 246 // Glaspell, Susan (1882-1948), 271 Godfrey, Thomas (1736-63): The Prince of Parthia, 78 Godwin, William (1756-1836), 84; Caleb Williams, 84, 86 Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von (1749— 1832), 169 Gogol, Nikolai (1809-52), 142, 162, 387 Gold, Herben (1924- ), 376 Gold, Michael (1893-1967), 332, 347, // 359; in The New Republic, 332-33; // Jews Without Money, 333, 334, 335 Goldsmith, Oliver (1730-74), 50, 71, 76, 122, 417; The Deserted Village, 48, 67, 68, 71, 115 Goncourt, Edmond (1822 -96) and Jules de (1830-70), 190, 212 Gosse, Edmund (1849-1928), 167 // gothic style, 132-38, 150-51, 390, 391; // novel, 84-89, 149, 312, 388 Gourmont, Remy de (1858-1915), 256, 279 // Grass, Gunther (1927- ), 391 Graveyard Poets, 71, 74 Gray, Thomas (1716-71), 50, 71, 76, 122 Great Awakening, 39 Great Depression, 287, 298, 300-301, 317-21, 322, 331-33, 336, 337, 338-339, 341 Greeley, Horace (1811-72), 182 Greenblatt, Stephen (1943- ), 424 Greenwich Village, New York, 320, 324 Gris, Juan (1887-1927), 286 Griswold, Rufus (1815-57), 132 Group Theater, 328 Gurko, Leo (1914- ), 319 // hagiography, 15 // Hakluyt, Richard (1552-1616): Voyages and Discoveries, 6 Haley, Alex: The Autobiography of Malcolm X, 381; Roots: The Saga of a Family, 381 // Halleck, Fitz-Greene (1790-1867), 73; “Alnwick Castle,” 73; “Burns,” 73; Croaker Papers, 73 Hamill, Pete (1935- ), 382 Hamilton, Alexander (1755-1804), 56, 57, 353,356 // Hammon, Jupiter (c. 1720-c.
1820), 69 Handke, Peter (1942- ), 390, 391 Harding, Warren (1865-1923), 273 Hardy, Thomas (1840-1928), 309 Harland, Henry (Sidney Luska) (1861— 1905),218, 226, 235,254 Harlem, Renaissance, 235, 276, 324, 332, 336, 400 Harper, Michael (1938- ), 403 Harris, George W. (1814—69): Sut Lovin-good: Yarns Spun by a "Nat’ral Born Dum’d Fool," 192 Harris, Joel Chandler (1848-1908): Uncle Remus tales, 192 Harte, Bret (1836-1902), 111, 195, 218; // The Luck of Roaring Camp, 192 Hartford (or Connecticut) Wits, 51-52, 66-69 // Hartman, Geoffrey (1929- ), 419-20, 426 // Harvard College, 14, 106 Hawkes, John (1925- ), 390; The Cannibal, 374 // Hawthorne, Nathaniel (1804- 64), 26, 29, // Index • 441 // 64, 86, 89, 103, 104, 119, 121, 123, 143, 144-56, 163, 181, 189, 190, 212, 352; and ambiguity, 160; critical study by Henry James, 189, 214; and Howells, 205; and Melville, xv, 156-58, 162, // 164 -65; modern dramatizations, 326; skepticism, 165; on sentimentality, 193; The Ancestral Footstep, 154; “The Artist of the Beautiful,” 150; “The Birthmark,” 150, 151; The Blithedale Romance, 105, 143, 153-54, 189; “The Celestial Railroad,” 151; “The Devil in Manuscript,” 144; Dr. Grimshawe’s Secret, 154; “Egoism, or the Bosom Serpent,” 151; “Endicott and the Red Cross,” 150; English Notebooks, 154; Ethan Brand, 150; Fanshawe, 194; “The Gray Champion,” 150; “The Haunted Mind," 152; The House of Seven Gables, 105, 152-53; The Marble Faun, 154-55, 181, 212; “The Maypole
of Merrymount," 150; "The Minister’s Black Veil,” 150; Mosses from an Ole Manse, 143, 150; Our Old Home, 140, 154; “Rappaccini’s Daughter,” 150, // 151; “Roger Malvin’s Burial,” 150; The Scarlet Letter, 31, 103, 105, 144-49, // 150, 156; Septimius Felton, 154; The Snow Image and Other Twice-Told Tales, 152; Twice-Told Tales, 150; “Wakefield,” 150; “Young Goodman Brown,” 31, 150-51; see also allegory; romance, American Hay, John (1838-1905): The Breadwinners, 205; Pike County Ballads, 193 Hayden, Robert (1913-80), 401-2; Heart-Shaped in the Dust, 401; “Middle Passage,” 402; "Runagate Runagate,” 402 Haywood, Big Bill (1869-1928), 269, 346 H. D., see Doolittle, Hilda Hearn, Lafcadio (1850-1904), 226, 235, 254, 255 // Hecht, Ben (1894-1964), and MacArthur, Charles: The Front Page, 277 Heidegger, Martin (1889-1976), 425 Heisenberg, Werner, 372 Heller, Joseph (1923- ), 344, 376, 383; Catch-22, 374, 381; Something Happened, 377 Hellmann, Lillian (1905 - 84), 325; The Children’s Hour, 326; The Little Foxes, 326; Toys in the Attic, 326 Hemingway, Ernest (1899-1961), 223, 251-53, 262, 268, 273, 276, 302 - 8, // 316, 333-34; and Fitzgerald, 302-3, // 307; on Huckleberry Finn, 198; Nobel Prize for Literature, 307; public reception, 314-15; and Stein, 303-4; and World War I, 295, 303; Across the River and into the Trees, 307; Death in the Afternoon, 306; A Farewell to Arms, 277, 296, 303, 305-6; The Fifth Column, 306; For Whom the Bell Tolls, 306-7; The Garden of
Eden, 307-8; In Our Time, 276, 302, 304; Islands in the Stream, 308; Men Without Women, 277, 303; A Moveable Feast, 303, 307; The Old Man and the Sea, 307; The Sun Also Rises, 277, 296, 303, 304; Three Stories and Ten Poems, 275, 304; To Have and Have Not, 306; Torrents of Spring, 276, 304 Henderson, AJice Corbin (1881-1949), // 280 // Henry’, O. (William Sydney Porter) (1862-1910), 192 Heraclitus, 372 , 413, 416 Herbert, George (1593-1633), 23, 174, 398, 405 hermeneutics, 422 heroic epics, 48, 67 Herrick, Robert (1868-1938), 243; on “Americanism,” 320-21 Hersey, John (1914- ): Hiroshima, 382 Hicks, Granville, 319, 349, 358; The Great Tradition, 321, 359-61 Higginson, Thomas Wentworth (1823— 1911), 174, 175 Himes, Chester (1909-84): If He Hollers Let Him Go, 381; The Real Cool Killers, 381 // Hirsch, E. D. (1928- ): Validity in Interpretation, 422 Hispanic-American writing, 393, 419, 428 history, 381-83, 386, 422-23, 425; New Historicism, 424-25 Hoffman, Daniel (1923- ), 411 Hoffmann, Frederick J. (1909— 67), 137 Holdsworth, Edward (1684-1746): Musci-pula, 48-49 Holland, Laurence (1920- 80), 324 Holland, Norman (1927- ), 423-24 Hollywood, 301-2, 309, 325, 343-44 Holmes, Oliver Wendell (1809-94), 73, 77, 106, 111-114, 117, 129, 182, 189, 221, 317; and Howells, 205; The Autocrat of the Breakfast Table, 111; “The Chambered Nautilus,” 111; “The Deacon’s Masterpiece,” 112; Elsie Venner, 111, 112; The Guardian Angel, 112; // 442 • Index // Holmes, Oliver Wendell (coat.)
// "The Moral Bully,” 111, 114; A Mortal Antipathy, 112; “The Mysterious Visitor,” 113; "Old Ironsides,” 111; "The Spectre Pig,” 113 Homer: Odyssey, 167, 169, 264 homosexuality, 342, 393, 396, 404 Hooker, Thomas (1586-1647), 15-17 Hovey, Richard (1864-1900), 226, 235 Howard, Sue, 428 // Howe, E. W. (1853-1937): The Story of a Country Town, 192 Howe, living (1920- ), 349, 376, 405 Howe, Julia Ward (1819-1910): “Battle Hymn of the Republic,” 185 Howells, William Dean (1837-1920), xiii, 116, 185, 190, 194, 202-10, 216, 220, 230; on American literature, 203-5, 213; biography of Lincoln, 205; edits Atlantic Monthly, xiii, 203, 205, 210; inward expatriation, 218; moral liberalism, 224; on Twain, 200, 201, 202 - 3, 206; Annie Kilburn, 208; Criticism and Fiction, 209; A Hazard of New Fortunes, xiii, 208, 209; A Modern Instance, 207; The Rise of Silas Lapham, 204, 208; Their Wedding journey, 206; A Traveler from Altruria, 208 Hughes, Langston (1902 - 67), 324, 400, 402; The Weary Blues, 277 Hugo, Richard (1923- ), 412 Hulme, T. E. (1893-1917), 256, 257, 259-60, 352; and New Criticism, 367 humanitarianism, 112 humor, black (gallows), 344, 376, 382, // 383, 389; Jewish, 376; Southern, 195; in Twain, 195 - 96, 199-200, 201-2 humor, dialect, 191, 192, 195; popular, // 192 , 201 // Humphreys, David (1752-1818), 51; The Widow of Malabar, 78 Huneker, James Gibbons (1860-1921), 226, 235, 239 Huret, Jules (1864-1915), 225 Hurston, Zora Neale (1901-60), 400 Hutchinson, Anne (c. 1591-1643), 29, 40 ............. ............

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