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Bibliografická citace

0 (hodnocen0 x )
4th ed.
New York : Routledge, 2013
xiv, 578 s. ; 24 cm

ISBN 978-0-415-63051-1 (brož.)
Obsahuje bibliografie, bibliografické odkazy a rejstřík
CONTENTS // Preface to the Fourth Edition // 1 Introduction: Disability, Normality, and Power // Lennard |. Davis // This essay lays out the way in which normality came to hold powerful sway over the way we think about the mind and body. Calling on scholars and students to rethink the disabled body so as to open up alternative readings of culture and power, Davis signals the critical approach to this Reader in general while discussing historical and social perspectives in particular. // PART I: HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES // 2 Disability and the Justification of Inequality in American History // Douglas C. Baynton // Baynton discusses how disability is used to justify discrimination against marginalized groups in America, surveying three great citizenship debates of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries: women’s suffrage, African American freedom, and the restriction of immigration. // 3 "Heaven’s Special Child": The Making of Poster Children // Paul Longmore // This essay provides an examination of the history of telethons, describing them as cultural mechanisms that display poster children to evoke sympathy and profit. While the child becomes a celebrity in the eyes of the public, he or she also can be construed as an exploited spectacle. // 4 Disabling Attitudes: U.S. Disability Law and the ADA Amendments Act // Elizabeth F. Emens // In light of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and the more recent ADA Amendments Act (ADAAA), in which definitions of disability and impairment narrowed with the ADA and broadened with the ADAAA, this essay speculates on whether the broader vision of disability will survive in the court system. Considering social attitudes and connections between the private and public spheres of American culture and politics, Emens predicts that the courts will ultimately find new ways to narrow the scope of the law’s protections. // PART II: THE POLITICS OF DISABILITY //
5 Disabling Postcolonialism: Global Disability Cultures and Democratic Criticism // Clare Barker and Stuart Murray // An exploration of the intersections of two major critical fields—Postcolonial Studies and Disability Studies—this essay discovers new approaches to literary and cultural criticism. Realizing that postcolonialism and disability are both tied to questions of power, Barker and Murray assert that Critical Disability Studies "needs to adapt its assumptions and methodologies to include and respond to postcolonial locations of disability." // 6 Abortion and Disability: Who Should and Should Not Inhabit the World? // Ruth Hubbard // This essay presents the problem of prenatal testing in relationship to disability and, while not opposing testing, raises concerns about the discrimination inherent in such interventions. // 7 Disability Rights and Selective Abortion // Marsha Saxton // Saxton alerts readers to the possible conflict between the goals of the abortion rights movement and that of the disability rights movement, and she proposes goals for both that might bring their aspirations in line with one another. // 8 Disability, Democracy, and the New Genetics Michael Bérubé // Bérubé considers whether prenatal testing for genetic diseases fits in with our notions of democracy. Would it be in the interests of a democratic culture to promote or restrict the rights of parents to select the child they want, particularly when it comes to disability? // 9 A Mad Fight: Psychiatry and Disability Activism Bradley Lewis // This essay locates disability activism in the Mad Pride movement, which fights for the rights of psychiatric survivors and consumers of mental health services. // 10 "The Institution Yet to Come": Analyzing Incarceration Through a Disability Lens // Liat Ben-Moshe //
This essay analyzes the reality of incarceration through the prism of disability by connecting prisons to psychiatric hospitals and other institutions that house people with cognitive, developmental, psychiatric and physical disabilities. Ben-Moshe therefore suggests the pressing need to expand notions of what comes to be classified as "incarceration. " The essay also highlights abolition, the call to close down prisons and other institutions, as a strategy to resist further incarceration. // PART III: STIGMA AND ILLNESS // 11 Stigma: An Enigma Demystified Lerita Coleman Brown // This essay examines Erving Coffman’s key concept of "stigma" from a disability studies perspective. // 12 Unhealthy Disabled: Treating Chronic Illnesses as Disabilities // Susan Wendell // Chronic illness is a major cause of disability, especially in women. Therefore, any adequate feminist understanding of disability must encompass chronic illnesses. Wendell argues that there are important differences between healthy disabled and unhealthy disabled people that are likely to affect such issues as treatment of impairment in dis-ability and feminist politics, accommodation of disability in activism and employment, identification of persons as disabled, disability pride, and prevention and "cure" of disabilities. // PART IV: THEORIZING DISABILITY // 13 The Cost of Getting Better: Ability and Debility Jasbir K. Puar // Puar argues for a deconstruction of what ability and disability mean and pushes for a broader politics of capacity and debility that puts duress on the seamless production of able bodies in relation to disability. Examining the recent "It Gets Better" campaign against queer youth suicide, Puar links suicide to forms of slow death, asking which bodies are able to capitalize on their vulnerabilities in neoliberalism and which are not. // 14 Enabling Disability: Rewriting Kinship, Reimagining Citizenship //
Faye Ginsburg and Rayna Rapp // Anthropologists propose a new notion of kinship to see how cultures claim or reject disabled fetuses, newborns, and young children. // 15 Aesthetic Nervousness // 202 // АТО QUAYSON // Coining a new term—"aesthetic nervousness"—tlie postcolonial critic theorizes the crisis resulting from the inclusion of (Usability in literary or dramatic works. // 16 The Social Model of Disability // Tom Shakespeare // This essay includes a description of the social model and a criticism of some aspects ofthat paradigm. // 214 // 17 Narrative Prosthesis // David Mitchell and Sharon Snyder // The authors develop the idea that narrative requires disability as an essential component of storytelling, particularly so the plot can fix or cure the impairment. // 222 // 18 The Unexceptional Schizophrenic: A Post-Postmodern Introduction // 236 // Catherine Prendergast // This essay argues that postmodernism has failed to deconstruct the schizophrenic, keeping a monolithic view based on some canonical writings rather than seeing the schizophrenic as part of a new emerging group that is active, multi vocal, and seeking to fight for their rights. // 19 Deaf Studies in the 21st Century: "Deaf-Gain" and the Future of Human // Diversity 246 // H-Dirksen L. Bauman and Joseph J. Murray // This essay offers a rhetorical shift from "hearing loss" to "Deaf-gain" by shedding light on the cognitive, creative and cultural contributions of Deaf communities to human diversity. // Lennard J. Davis // Davis argues that postmodern ideas of identity challenge the existent models in disability studies and further argues that since disability is a shifting identity, newer paradigms are needed to explain it. // 21 Disability and the Theory of Complex Embodiment—For Identity Politics in // a New Register 278 // Tobin Siebers // PART V: IDENTITIES AND INTERSECTIONALITIES //
20 The End of Identity Politics: On Disability as an Unstable Category // 263 // Using the ideas of post-positivist realism, Siebers argues that disability is a valid and actual identity as opposed to a deconstructive-driven model. // 22 Defining Mental Disability // Margaret Price // The contested boundaries between disability, illness, and mental illness are discussed in terms of mental disability. Ultimately, Price argues that higher education would benefit from practices that create a more accessible academic world for those who identify or are labeled as mentally disabled. The excerpt included here explores carious ways to name and define mental disability, drawing evidence in part from the author’s own experience. // 23 Disability and Blackness Josh Lukin // Lukin provides a short history of the intersection of blackness and disability, highlighting the experiences of Johnnie Lacy and Donald Galloway, who were members of the Berkeley Center for Independent Living in the 1960s. The essay traces a theme of black involvement and yet exclusion from disability activism. It also moves into the current moment and follows some of the recent scholarship in the field. // 24 My Body, My Closet: Invisible Disability and the Limits of Coming Out // Ellen Samuels // This essay discusses the coming-out discourse in the context of a person whose physical appearance does not immediately signal a disability Considering the complicated dynamics inherent in the analogizing of social identities, the politics of visibility and invisibility, and focusing on two "invisible" identities of lesbian-femme and nonvisible disability, Samuels "queers" disability in order to develop new paradigms of identity, representation, and social interaction. // 25 Integrating Disability, Transforming Feminist Theory // Rosemarie Garland-Ті iomson // This essay applies the insights of disability studies to feminist theory. //
26 Unspeakable Offenses: Untangling Race and Disability in Discourses of Intersectionality // NlRMALA EREVELLES AND ANDREA MlNEAR // Erevelles and Minear draw on narratives exemplifying the intersections between race, class, gender, and disability. Through the stories of Eleanor Bumpurs, Junius Wilson, and Cassie and Aliya Smith, the margins of multiple identity categories are placed at the forefront, outlining how and why individuals of categorical intersectionality are constituted as non-citizens and (no)bodies by tlie very social institutions (legal, educational, and rehabilitational) that are designed to protect, nurture, and empower // 27 Compulsory Able-Bodiedness and Queer/Disabled Existence Robert McRuer // This essay points to the mutually reinforcing nature of heterosexuality and able-bodiedness, arguing that disability studies might benefit by adopting some of the strategies of queer theory. // PART VI: DISABILITY AND CULTURE // 28 Cripping Heterosexuality, Queering Able-Bodiedness: Murcierball, Brokeback Mountain and the Contested Masculine Body // Cynthia Barounis // Using the two films as examples, the essay argues that disability in one is normalized by depicting disabled athletes as hyper-masculine while homosexuality in the other is invested with values of able-bodiedness. // 29 Sculpting Body Ideals: Alison Lapper Pregnant and the Public Display of Disability // Ann Millett-Gallant // The author of this essay ponders how Alison Tapper’s monumental self-portrait statue of her pregnant, non-normative, nude body fits into the history and culture of public art. // 30 "When Black Women Start Going on Prozac ..." The Politics of Race, Gender, and Emotional Distress in Meri Nana-Ama Danquah’s Willow Weep for Me Anna Mollow //
Mollow considers tlie ways in which readers of Danquah ’s work think about depression in black women, particularly in terms of how intersectionality affects the idea of mental impairment in the social model of disability. // 31 The Enfreakment of Photography David Hevey // The essay reveals that disabled people are used as metaphors of being marginalized, isolated, freakish, and weird in liigh-culturephotography. // 32 Blindness and Visual Culture: An Eyewitness Account // Georgina Kleege // Kleege critiques philosophers and critics who have exploited the concept of blindness as a convenient conceptual device, erasing the nuances and complexities of blind experience. // 33 Disability, Life Narrative, and Representation // G. Thomas Couser This essay argues that disability lias become a major theme in memoirs and other forms of life-writing, opening up that experience to readers and taking control of the representation. // 34 Autism as Culture // Joseph N. Straus // Straus poses the question of whether we can think of autism as not simply a cognitive disorder bur as a culture and part of culture. // 35 Disability, Design, and Branding: Rethinking Disability for the 21 st Century // Elizabeth DePoy and Stephen Gilson // This essay presents an innovative way of thinking about disability as disjuncture and the significant role that design and branding play in creating this ill-fit. DePoy and Gilson assert that design and branding provide the contemporary opportunity and relevant strategies for rethinking disability and social change, healing notions of disjuncture in the postmodern and post-postmodern world of disability studies. // PART VII: FICTION, MEMOIR, AND POETRY // 36 Stones in My Pockets, Stones in My Heart // Eli Clare // A memoir that explores the way the author’s disability, queer identity, and memories of childhood sexual abuse intersect with and thread though one another. //
37 Unspeakable Conversations Harriet McBryde Johnson // An account by the late disabled writer who meets and argues with utilitarian philosopher Peter Singer, himself an advocate for withdrawing life support from severely disabled people. // 38 Helen and Frida // Anne Finger // A dreamlike account of being disabled as a child and imagining a romantic movie starring Helen Kellerand Frieda Kalilo. // 39 "1 Am Not One of The" and "Cripple Lullaby" // Cheryl Marie Wade // Poems that explore issues of identity and self-definition from a disabled perspective. // 40 "Beauty and Variations" // Kenny Fries // A poem that explores the nature and meanings of beauty. // 41 Selections from Planet of the Blind Steve Kuusisto // A memoir by the poet/writer of being a teenage boy with limited eyesight and an expansive imagination. // 42 Selected Poems Jim Ferris // This selection includes twelve previously published poems by this poet and disability studies scholar. // List of Contributors Credit Lines

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