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Bibliografická citace

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0 (hodnocen0 x )
BK
Third edition
Philadelphia : Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, [2015]
xxv, 1161 stran : ilustrace (převážně barevné) ; 28 cm

objednat
ISBN 978-0-7020-5131-9 (brožováno)
Obsahuje rejstřík
001460998
Index of Clinical Content // 7 The body // In the Clinic // Determination of skeletal age 14 // Bone marrow transplants 15 // Bone fractures 16 // Avascular necrosis 16 // Osteoporosis 17 // Epiphyseal fractures 18 // Degenerative joint disease 22 // Joint replacement 24 // The importance of fascias 25 // Muscle paralysis 26 // Muscle atrophy 26 // Muscle injuries and strains 26 // Atherosclerosis 27 // Varicose veins 28 // Anastomoses and collateral circulation 28 Lymph nodes 31 Dermatomes and myotomes 37 Referred pain 48 // Clinical Case // Appendicitis 50 // 2 Back // In the Clinic // Spina bifida 74 Vertebroplasty 74 Scoliosis 75 Kyphosis 76 // Variation in vertebral numbers 76 The vertebrae and cancer 77 Osteoporosis 77 Back pain 79 // Herniation of intervertebral discs 79 // Joint diseases 80 // Ligamenta flava 82 // Vertebral fractures 82 // Surgical procedures on the back 84 // Nerve injuries affecting superficial back muscles 99 // Lumbar cerebrospinal fluid tap 106 // Herpes zoster 109 // Back pain—alternative explanations 110 // Clinical Cases // Sciatica versus lumbago 118 Cervical spinal cord injury 118 Psoas abscess 119 Dissecting thoracic aneurysm 119 Sacral tumor 120 // In the Clinic // Axillary tail of breast 141 Breast cancer 141 Cervical ribs 150 // Collection of sternal bone marrow 152 // Rib fractures 152 // Surgical access to the chest 160 // Thoracostomy (chest) tube insertion 160 // Intercostal nerve block 160 // Pleural effusion 167 // Pneumothorax 167
// Imaging the lungs 178 // High-resolution lung CT 178 // Bronchoscopy 178 // Lung cancer 179 // Pericarditis 184 // Pericardial effusion 184 // Constrictive pericarditis 184 // Valve disease 197 // Clinical terminology for coronary arteries 201 Heart attack 202 // Classic symptoms of heart attack 203 Are heart attack symptoms the same in men and women? 203 // Common congenital heart defects 203 Cardiac auscultation 204 Cardiac conduction system 206 Ectopic parathyroid glands in the thymus 212 Venous access for central and dialysis lines 215 Using the superior vena cava to access the inferior vena cava 215 Coarctation of the aorta 217 // 3 Thorax // Index of Clinical Content // Thoracic aorta 217 Aortic arch and its anomalies 217 Abnormal origin of great vessels 217 The vagus nerves, recurrent laryngeal nerves, and hoarseness 221 Esophageal cancer 224 Esophageal rupture 225 // Clinical Cases // Cervical rib 241 Lung cancer 242 Chest wound 242 Myocardial infarction 243 Broken pacemaker 246 Coarctation of the aorta 247 Aortic dissection 247 Pneumonia 249 Esophageal cancer 250 Venous access 251 // 4 Abdomen // In the Clinic // Surgical incisions 278 Laparoscopic surgery 279 Cremasteric reflex 299 Masses around the groin 301 Peritoneum 305 The greater omentum 308 Epithelial transition between the abdominal esophagus and stomach 315 Duodenal ulceration 315 // Examination of the upper gastrointestinal tract 316 Examination of the bowel lumen 316 Examination of the bowel wall and extrinsic
masses 316 // Meckel’s diverticulum 318 Computed tomography (CT) scanning and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) 318 Carcinoma of the stomach 318 Appendicitis 322 // Congenital disorders of the gastrointestinal tract 325 // Bowel obstruction 326 Diverticular disease 327 Ostomies 327 Annular pancreas 336 // Pancreatic cancer 336 // Segmental anatomy of the liver 339 // Gallstones 341 // Jaundice 341 // Spleen disorders 342 // Vascular supply to the gastrointestinal system 351 // Hepatic cirrhosis 356 // Surgery for obesity 365 // Psoas muscle abscess 371 // Diaphragmatic hernias 372 // Hiatus hernia 373 // Urinary tract stones 380 // Urinary tract cancer 381 // Nephrostomy 382 // Kidney transplant 383 // Investigation of the urinary tract 385 // Abdominal aortic stent graft 389 // Inferior vena cava filter 391 // Retroperitoneal lymph node surgery 393 // Clinical Cases // Traumatic rupture of the diaphragm 410 Chronic thrombosis of the inferior vena cava 410 Liver biopsy in patients with suspected liver cirrhosis 411 Hodgkin’s lymphoma 412 Inguinal hernia 413 Ureteric stone 413 Intraabdominal abscess 414 Complications of an abdominoperineal resection 415 // Carcinoma of the head of the pancreas 417 Cavai obstruction 418 Diverticular disease 418 Endoleak after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm 419 Metastatic lesions in the liver 420 // 5 Pelvis and perineum // In the Clinic // Bone marrow biopsy 444 Pelvic fracture 446 // Common problems with the sacro-iliac joints
448 Pelvic measurements in obstetrics 454 Defecation 456 Episiotomy 460 // Index of Clinical Content // Digital rectal examination 462 // Carcinoma of the colon and rectum 462 // Bladder stones 465 // Suprapubic catheterization 466 // Bladder cancer 466 // Bladder infection 469 // Urethral catheterization 469 // Testicular tumors 470 // Vasectomy 472 // Prostate problems 474 // Ovarian cancer 477 // Imaging the ovary 477 // Hysterectomy 478 // Tubal ligation 479 // Carcinoma of the cervix and uterus 480 The recto-uterine pouch 481 Pudendal block 491 Prostatectomy and impotence 495 Abscesses in the ischio-anal fossae 504 Hemorrhoids 504 Urethral rupture 512 // Clinical Cases // Varicocele 527 // Sciatic nerve compression 528 // Pelvic kidney 528 // Left common iliac artery obstruction 529 Iatrogenic ureteric injury 530 Ectopic pregnancy 530 Uterine tumor 531 Uterine fibroids 532 // 6 Lower limb // In the Clinic // Pelvic fractures 553 Femoral neck fractures 557 Intertrochanteric fractures 558 Femoral shaft fractures 558 Varicose veins 569 Deep vein thrombosis 569 Vascular access to the lower limb 573 Trendelenburg’s sign 577 Intramuscular injections 581 Compartment syndrome 590 Muscle injuries to the lower limb 599 Peripheral vascular disease 603 // Soft tissue injuries to the knee 613 // Degenerative joint disease/osteoarthritis 614 // Examination of the knee joint 614 // Anterolateral ligament of the knee 615 // Achilles tendon rupture 623 // Neurological examination of the legs
625 // Footdrop 633 // Fracture of the talus 638 // Ankle fractures 641 // Bunions 645 // Morton’s neuroma 661 // Clinical Cases // Varicose veins 672 Knee joint injury 673 Fracture of neck of femur 676 Deep vein thrombosis 677 Ruptured calcaneal tendon 678 Popliteal artery aneurysm 679 Anterior talofibular ligament tear 680 // 7 Upper limb // In the Clinic // Fracture of the proximal humerus 705 Fractures of the clavicle and dislocations of the acromioclavicular and sternoclavicular joints 711 Dislocations of the glenohumeral joint 712 Rotator cuff disorders 712 Inflammation of the subacromial (subdeltoid) bursa 713 // Quadrangular space syndrome 720 // "Winging" of the scapula 727 // Imaging the blood supply to the upper limb 737 // Trauma to the arteries of the upper limb 737 // Subclavian/axillary venous access 737 // Injuries to the brachial plexus 747 // Breast cancer 749 // Rupture of biceps tendon 755 // Blood pressure measurement 756 // Radial nerve injury in the arm 763 // Median nerve injury in the arm 763 // Supracondylar fracture of the humerus 766 // Pulled elbow 766 // Developmental changes in the elbow joint 767 Fracture of the head of radius 768 // Index of Clinical Content // ’Tennis" and "golfer’s" elbow (epicondylitis) 768 Elbow arthritis 768 Ulnar nerve injury at the elbow 768 Construction of a dialysis fistula 770 Fractures of the radius and ulna 774 Transection of the radial or ulnar artery 783 Fracture of the scaphoid and avascular necrosis of the proximal
scaphoid 797 Carpal tunnel syndrome 798 Snuffbox 801 // De Quervain’s syndrome 802 Tenosynovitis 802 Trigger finger 802 Allen’s test 814 Venipuncture 814 Ulnar nerve injury 816 Radial nerve injury 818 // Clinical Cases // Shoulder problem after falling on an outstretched hand 829 Winged scapula 829 Brachial plexus nerve block 830 Complication of a fractured first rib 830 Median nerve compression 831 Immobilizing the extensor digitorum muscle 831 Torn supraspinatus tendon 832 How to examine the hand 833 Shoulder joint problem 834 // 8 Head and neck // In the Clinic // Medical imaging of the head 871 Fractures of the skull vault 872 Hydrocephalus 877 Cerebrospinal fluid leak 878 Meningitis 878 Brain tumors 878 Stroke 883 Endarterectomy 885 Intracerebral aneurysms 885 Scalp and meninges 890 Head injury 891 // Types of intracranial hemorrhage 891 // Emissary veins 893 Concussion 893 // Clinical assessment of patients with head injury 893 // Treatment of head injury 893 // Cranial nerve lesions 901 // Overview of cranial nerves 901 // Parotid gland 913 // Facial nerve [VII] palsy (Bell’s palsy) 921 Trigeminal neuralgia 921 Scalp laceration 926 Orbital fracture 928 Horner’s syndrome 931 Examination of the eye 940 Glaucoma 948 Cataracts 948 Ophthalmoscopy 949 // High-definition optical coherence tomography 951 Examination of the ear 957 Swimmer’s ear 957 Surfer’s ear 958 // Tympanic membrane perforation 958 Mastoiditis 961 Lingual nerve injury 987 Dental anesthesia 989 Fascial planes
of the head and neck 1004 Central venous access 1005 Jugular venous pulse 1013 Thyroid gland 1020 Thyroidectomy 1021 Thyroid gland pathology 1021 Ectopic parathyroid glands 1022 Recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy 1034 Clinical lymphatic drainage of the head and neck 1040 Tracheostomy 1065 Laryngoscopy 1065 Deviated nasal septum 1077 // Clinical Cases // Multinodular goiter 1129 // Parotid duct calculus 1130 // Extradural hematoma 1131 // Stenosis of the internal carotid artery 1132 // Posterior communicating artery aneurysm 1133 // Recurrent epistaxis 1133 // Complication of orbital fracture 1134 // Pituitary macroadenoma 1135 // xviii // Contents // The body // What is anatomy? 2 // How can gross anatomy be studied? 2 Important anatomical terms 2 // Imaging 5 // Diagnostic imaging techniques 5 Nuclear medicine imaging 8 // Image interpretation 10 // Plain radiography 10 Computed tomography 10 Magnetic resonance imaging 11 Nuclear medicine imaging 11 // Safety in imaging 11 // Body systems 12 // Skeletal system 12 // Cartilage 12 Bone 13 Joints 18 // Skin and fascias 24 // Skin 24 Fascia 24 // Muscular system 25 Cardiovascular system 27 Lymphatic system 29 // Lymphatic vessels 29 Lymph nodes 30 Lymphatic trunks and ducts 30 Nervous system 31 Central nervous system 31 Functional subdivisions of the CNS 32 Somatic part of the nervous system 33 Visceral part of the nervous system 38 Other systems 48 // Clinical case 50 // Back // Conceptual overview 53 // General description 53 Functions
54 // Support 54 Movement 54 // Protection of the nervous system 55 // Component parts 56 Bones 56 Muscles 57 Vertebral canal 59 Spinal nerves 60 Relationship to other regions 61 Head 61 // Thorax, abdomen, and pelvis 62 Limbs 62 // Key features 62 // Long vertebral column and short spinal cord 62 Intervertebral foramina and spinal nerves 63 Innervation of the back 63 // Regional anatomy 64 // Skeletal framework 64 // Vertebrae 64 Intervertebral foramina 72 Posterior spaces between vertebral arches 73 Joints 77 // Joints between vertebrae in the back 77 // Ligaments 80 // Anterior and posterior longitudinal ligaments 80 Ligamenta flava 80 // Supraspinous ligament and ligamentum nuchae 81 Interspinous ligaments 82 Back musculature 84 Superficial group of back muscles 84 Intermediate group of back muscles 90 Deep group of back muscles 92 Suboccipital muscles 97 Spinal cord 99 Vasculature 100 Meninges 103 // Arrangement of structures in the vertebral canal 104 Spinal nerves 106 // Surface anatomy 111 // Back surface anatomy 111 Absence of lateral curvatures 111 Primary and secondary curvatures in the sagittal plane 112 // Useful nonvertebra I skeletal landmarks 112 How to identify specific vertebral spinous processes 114 // Visualizing the inferior ends of the spinal cord and subarachnoid space 115 Identifying major muscles 116 // Clinical cases 118 // Contents // Thorax // Conceptual overview 123 // General description 123 Functions 124 Breathing 124 Protection of vital organs 124
Conduit 124 Component parts 124 Thoracic wall 124 Superior thoracic aperture 126 Inferior thoracic aperture 126 Diaphragm 127 Mediastinum 128 Pleural cavities 128 Relationship to ?ther regions 130 Neck 130 Upper limb 130 Abdomen 130 Breast 131 Key features 132 Vertebral level TIV/V 132 Venous shunts from left to right 132 Segmental neurovascular supply of thoracic wall 134 // Sympathetic system 136 // Flexible wall and inferior thoracic aperture 136 // Innervation of the diaphragm 138 // Regional anatomy 139 // Pectoral region 139 // Breast 139 // Muscles of the pectoral region 142 Thoracic wall 143 Skeletal framework 143 Intercostal spaces 150 Diaphragm 161 Arterial supply 162 Venous drainage 162 Innervation 162 // Movements of the thoracic wall and diaphragm during breathing 162 Pleural cavities 162 Pleura 163 Lungs 167 Mediastinum 180 Middle mediastinum 180 Superior mediastinum 210 Posterior mediastinum 222 Anterior mediastinum 230 // Surface anatomy 231 // Thorax surface anatomy 231 // How to count ribs 231 Surface anatomy of the breast in women 232 Visualizing structures at the TIV/V vertebral level 232 // Visualizing structures in the superior mediastinum 234 // Visualizing the margins of the heart 235 Where to listen for heart sounds 236 Visualizing the pleural cavities and lungs, pleural recesses, and lung lobes and fissures 236 Where to listen for lung sounds 238 // Clinical cases 241 // Abdomen // Conceptual overview 255 // General description 255 Functions 256 // Houses
and protects major viscera 256 Breathing 258 // Changes in intraabdominal pressure 258 // Component parts 259 // Wall 259 // Abdominal cavity 260 Inferior thoracic aperture 262 Diaphragm 262 Pelvic inlet 263 // Relationship to other regions 263 Thorax 263 Pelvis 263 Lower limb 264 Key features 265 // Arrangement of abdominal viscera in the adult 265 Skin and muscles of the anterior and lateral abdominal wall and thoracic intercostal nerves 268 // The groin is a weak area in the anterior abdominal wall 269 // Vertebral level LI 271 // The gastrointestinal system and its derivatives are supplied by three major arteries 271 Venous shunts from left to right 273 All venous drainage from the gastrointestinal system passes through the liver 274 Abdominal viscera are supplied by a large prevertebral plexus 276 // Regional anatomy 277 // Surface topography 277 Four-quadrant pattern 277 Nine-region pattern 278 // XX // Contents // Abdominal wall 280 // Superficial fascia 280 Anterolateral muscles 282 Extraperitoneal fascia 288 Peritoneum 288 Innervation 289 // Arterial supply and venous drainage 291 Lymphatic drainage 292 Groin 292 Inguinal canal 294 Inguinal hernias 299 Abdominal viscera 303 Peritoneum 303 Peritoneal cavity 304 Organs 310 Arterial supply 343 Venous drainage 354 Lymphatics 358 Innervation 358 // Posterior abdominal region 366 // Posterior abdominal wall 367 Viscera 373 Vasculature 387 Lymphatic system 392 Nervous system in the posterior abdominal region 394 // Sympathetic
trunks and splanchnic nerves 394 // Surface anatomy 402 // Abdomen surface anatomy 402 Defining the surface projection of the abdomen 402 How to find the superficial inguinal ring 403 How to determine lumbar vertebral levels 404 Visualizing structures at the LI vertebral level 405 Visualizing the position of major blood vessels 406 Using abdominal quadrants to locate major viscera 407 // Defining surface regions to which pain from the gut is referred 408 // Where to find the kidneys 409 Where to find the spleen 409 // Clinical cases 410 // ? Pelvis and perineum // Conceptual overview 423 // General description 423 Functions 423 // Contain and support bladder, rectum, anal canal, and reproductive tracts 423 Anchors the roots of the external genitalia 425 // Component parts 426 // Pelvic inlet 426 Pelvic walls 426 Pelvic outlet 428 Pelvic floor 429 Pelvic cavity 429 Perineum 430 // Relationship to other regions 432 Abdomen 432 Lower limb 433 Key features 434 // The pelvic cavity projects posteriorly 434 Important structures cross the ureters in the pelvic cavity 435 // The prostate in men and the uterus in women are anterior to the rectum 436 The perineum is innervated by sacral spinal cord segments 436 // Nerves are related to bone 437 Parasympathetic innervation from spinal cord levels 52 to 54 controls erection 438 Muscles and fascia of the pelvic floor and perineum intersect at the perineal body 439 The course of the urethra is different in men and women 440 // Regional anatomy
441 // Pelvis 441 // Bones 441 Joints 446 Orientation 448 // Differences between men and women 448 True pelvis 449 Viscera 460 Fascia 481 Peritoneum 481 Nerves 486 Blood vessels 495 Lymphatics 501 Perineum 502 Borders and ceiling 502 // Ischio-anal fossae and their anterior recesses 504 // Anal triangle 504 // Urogenital triangle 506 // Somatic nerves 513 // Visceral nerves 515 // Bloodvessels 516 // Veins 516 // Lymphatics 519 // Surface anatomy 520 // Surface anatomy of the pelvis and perineum 520 Orientation of the pelvis and perineum in the anatomical position 520 // Contents // Component parts 690 // Bones and joints 690 Muscles 692 // Relationship to other regions 693 // Neck 693 // Back and thoracic wall 694 // Key points 695 // Innervation by cervical and upper thoracic nerves 695 // Nerves related to bone 699 Superficial veins 700 Orientation of the thumb 701 // Regional anatomy 702 // Shoulder 702 // Bones 702 Joints 705 Muscles 713 // Posterior scapular region 716 // Muscles 717 // Gateways to the posterior scapular region 717 Nerves 719 Arteries and veins 719 Axilla 721 Axillary inlet 723 Anterior wall 723 Medial wall 726 Lateral wall 727 Posterior wall 728 Gateways in the posterior wall 730 Floor 731 // Contents of the axilla 731 Arm 750 Bones 751 Muscles 754 Arteries and veins 756 Nerves 760 Elbow joint 764 Cubital fossa 768 Forearm 771 Bones 773 Joints 774 // Anterior compartment of the forearm 776 // Muscles 776 Arteries and veins 782 Nerves 784 // Posterior compartment
of the forearm 785 // Muscles 785 Arteries and veins 791 Nerves 792 Hand 792 Bones 793 Joints 795 // Carpal tunnel and structures at the wrist 798 // Palmar aponeurosis 800 // Palmaris brevis 800 // Anatomical snuffbox 800 // Fibrous digital sheaths 801 // Extensor hoods 802 // Muscles 804 // Arteries and veins 810 // Nerves 814 // Surface anatomy 819 // Upper limb surface anatomy 819 Bony landmarks and muscles of the posterior scapular region 819 // Visualizing the axilla and locating contents and related structures 820 Locating the brachial artery in the arm 821 The triceps brachii tendon and position of the radial nerve 822 // Cubital fossa (anterior view) 822 Identifying tendons and locating major vessels and nerves in the distal forearm 824 Normal appearance of the hand 825 Position of the flexor retinaculum and the recurrent branch of the median nerve 826 Motor function of the median and ulnar nerves in the hand 826 // Visualizing the positions of the superficial and deep palmar arches 827 Pulse points 827 // Clinical cases 829 // Head and neck // Conceptual overview 837 // General description 837 Head 837 Neck 839 Functions 841 Protection 841 // Contains upper parts of respiratory and digestive tracts 841 Communication 841 Positioning the head 841 Connects the upper and lower respiratory and digestive tracts 841 Component parts 842 Skull 842 // Cervical vertebrae 844 ... // XXIII // Contents // Hyoid bone 845 Soft palate 846 Muscles 846 // Relationship to other regions
847 // Thorax 847 Upper limbs 847 Key features 848 Vertebral levels CIII/IV and CV/VI 848 Airway in the neck 849 Cranial nerves 850 Cervical nerves 851 // Functional separation of the digestive and respiratory passages 851 Triangles of the neck 854 Regional anatomy 855 Skull 855 Anterior view 855 Lateral view 857 Posterior view 859 Superior view 860 Inferior view 860 Cranial cavity 864 Roof 864 Floor 865 Meninges 873 Cranial dura mater 873 Arachnoid mater 876 Pia mater 877 // Arrangement of meninges and spaces 877 . // Brain and its blood supply 879 Brain 879 Blood supply 879 Venous drainage 886 Cranial nerves 894 Olfactory nerve [I] 896 Optic nerve [II] 896 Oculomotor nerve [III] 897 Trochlear nerve [IV] 897 Trigeminal nerve [V] 898 Ophthalmic nerve [V,] 898 Maxillary nerve [V2] 898 Mandibular nerve [V3] 898 Abducent nerve [VI] 898 Facial nerve [VII] 898 Vestibulocochlear nerve [VIII] 899 Glossopharyngeal nerve [IX] 899 Vagus nerve [X] 900 Accessory nerve [XI] 900 Hypoglossal nerve [XII] 900 Face 904 Muscles 904 Parotid gland 911 Innervation 914 // Vessels 916 Scalp 922 Layers 922 Innervation 924 Vessels 925 Lymphatic drainage 926 Orbit 927 Bony orbit 927 Eyelids 928 Lacrimal apparatus 932 Sensory innervation 933 Fissures and foramina 934 Fascial specializations 935 Muscles 936 Vessels 941 Innervation 942 Eyeball 947 Ear 953 External ear 954 Middle ear 958 Internal ear 965 // Temporal and infratemporal fossae 972 // Bony framework 973 Temporomandibular joints 975 Masseter muscle
977 Temporal fossa 978 Infratemporal fossa 981 Pterygopalatine fossa 992 Skeletal framework 993 Gateways 994 Contents 994 Neck 1000 Fascia 1000 // Superficial venous drainage 1003 Anterior triangle of the neck 1006 Posterior triangle of the neck 1023 Root of the neck 1030 Pharynx 1040 Skeletal framework 1041 Pharyngeal wall 1042 Fascia 1045 // Gaps in the pharyngeal wall and structures passing through them 1046 Nasopharynx 1046 Oropharynx 1048 Laryngopharynx 1048 Tonsils 1048 Vessels 1049 Nerves 1051 Larynx 1052 Laryngeal cartilages 1053 Extrinsic ligaments 1056 Intrinsic ligaments 1057 // xxiv // Contents // Hyoid bone 845 Soft palate 846 Muscles 846 // Relationship to other regions 847 // Thorax 847 Upper limbs 847 Key features 848 Vertebral levels CIII/IV and CV/VI 848 Airway in the neck 849 Cranial nerves 850 Cervical nerves 851 // Functional separation of the digestive and respiratory passages 851 Triangles of the neck 854 Regional anatomy 855 Skull 855 Anterior view 855 Lateral view 857 Posterior view 859 Superior view 860 Inferior view 860 Cranial cavity 864 Roof 864 Floor 865 Meninges 873 Cranial dura mater 873 Arachnoid mater 876 Pia mater 877 // Arrangement of meninges and spaces 877 . // Brain and its blood supply 879 Brain 879 Blood supply 879 Venous drainage 886 Cranial nerves 894 Olfactory nerve [I] 896 Optic nerve [II] 896 Oculomotor nerve [III] 897 Trochlear nerve [IV] 897 Trigeminal nerve [V] 898 Ophthalmic nerve [V,] 898 Maxillary nerve [V2] 898 Mandibular nerve
[V3] 898 Abducent nerve [VI] 898 Facial nerve [VII] 898 Vestibulocochlear nerve [VIII] 899 Glossopharyngeal nerve [IX] 899 Vagus nerve [X] 900 Accessory nerve [XI] 900 Hypoglossal nerve [XII] 900 Face 904 Muscles 904 Parotid gland 911 Innervation 914 // Vessels 916 Scalp 922 Layers 922 Innervation 924 Vessels 925 Lymphatic drainage 926 Orbit 927 Bony orbit 927 Eyelids 928 Lacrimal apparatus 932 Sensory innervation 933 Fissures and foramina 934 Fascial specializations 935 Muscles 936 Vessels 941 Innervation 942 Eyeball 947 Ear 953 External ear 954 Middle ear 958 Internal ear 965 // Temporal and infratemporal fossae 972 // Bony framework 973 Temporomandibular joints 975 Masseter muscle 977 Temporal fossa 978 Infratemporal fossa 981 Pterygopalatine fossa 992 Skeletal framework 993 Gateways 994 Contents 994 Neck 1000 Fascia 1000 // Superficial venous drainage 1003 Anterior triangle of the neck 1006 Posterior triangle of the neck 1023 Root of the neck 1030 Pharynx 1040 Skeletal framework 1041 Pharyngeal wall 1042 Fascia 1045 // Gaps in the pharyngeal wall and structures passing through them 1046 Nasopharynx 1046 Oropharynx 1048 Laryngopharynx 1048 Tonsils 1048 Vessels 1049 Nerves 1051 Larynx 1052 Laryngeal cartilages 1053 Extrinsic ligaments 1056 Intrinsic ligaments 1057 // xxiv // Contents // Laryngeal joints 1058 Cavity of the larynx 1059 Intrinsic muscles 1061 Function of the larynx 1064 Vessels 1066 Nerves 1068 Nasal cavities 1069 Lateral wall 1070 Regions 1071 // Innervation and
blood supply 1072 Skeletal framework 1072 External nose 1074 Paranasal sinuses 1074 Walls, floor, and roof 1076 Nares 1080 Choanae 1081 Gateways 1082 Vessels 1082 Innervation 1085 Oral cavity 1087 // Multiple nerves innervate the oral cavity 1088 // Skeletal framework 1088 // Walls: the cheeks 1091 // Floor 1092 // Tongue 1095 // Salivary glands 1102 // Roof—palate 1105 Oral fissure and lips 1113 Oropharyngeal isthmus 1114 Teeth and gingivae 1114 // Surface anatomy 1120 // Head and neck surface anatomy 1120 // Anatomical position of the head and major landmarks 1120 // Visualizing structures at the CIII/CIV and CVI vertebral levels 1121 // How to outline the anterior and posterior triangles of the neck 1122 // How to locate the cricothyroid ligament 1123 // How to find the thyroid gland 1124 // Estimating the position of the middle meningeal artery 1124 // Major features of the face 1125 // The eye and lacrimal apparatus 1126 // External ear 1127 // Pulse points 1128 // Clinical cases 1129 // XXV

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