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Bibliografická citace

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0 (hodnocen0 x )
BK
Encyklopedie
Dordrecht : Springer Reference, [2013]
xl, 1133 stran : ilustrace (převážně barevné), mapy ; 29 cm

objednat
ISBN 978-90-481-8699-0 (vázáno)
Encyclopedia of earth sciences‏ series
Obsahuje bibliografie a rejstříky
001463248
ENCYCLOPEDIA oj EARTH SCIENCES SERIES // ENCYCLOPEDIA OF NATURAL HAZARDS // Edited by Peter T. Bobrowsky // Few subjects have caught the attention of the entire world as much as those dealing with natural hazards. The first decade of this new millennium provides a litany of tragic examples of such hazards that have affected millions of individuals around the globe. The human losses (some 225.000 people) associated with the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami, the economic costs (exceeding 100 billion USD) of Hurricane Katrina in 2005. the collective social impacts of tragedies experienced during the 2008 Sichuan. China earthquake and landslides, all provide repetitive reminders that we‘ •are ail but temporary guests occupying a very dynamic planet. // Fewer subjects share the true interdisciplinary dependency that characterizes the field of natural hazards. From geology and geophysics, to engineering and emergency response, to social psychology and economics, the study of natural hazards draws input from an impressive suite of unique and previously independent specializations. Natural hazards provide a common platform to reduce disciplinary boundaries and facilitate a beneficial synergy in the provision of timely and useful information and action on the critical subject matter. // As social norms change regarding the concept of acceptable risk and human migration leads to і an explosion in the number of megacities, coastal over-crowding and unmanaged habitation in precarious
environments such as mountainous slopes, the vulnerability of people to natural hazards increases dramatically. Coupled with the concerns of changing climates, the subject of natural hazards remains on the forefront of issues that affect all people, nations and environments all the time. At the start of a new decade, in the first few months of 2010 alone a magnitude 7 earthquake near Port au Prince. Haiti killed an estimated 230.000 people, exposed the inadequacies of their infrastructure and emergency response capacity and virtually crippled an entire nation: whereas in contrast a month later a significantly larger magnitude 8.8 earthquake off the coast of Chile prov ided a sober lesson that those areas with a long history of exposure to natural hazards are indeed much more capable to cope with the consequences of unexpected events. Shortly thereafter the eruptive events from Eyjatjallajokull volcano in Iceland virtually paralyzed air traffic in the United Kingdom and Western Europe for days. Travellers from around the world were impacted and inconvenienced. The economic repercussions were significant and all nations quickly realized how unprepared they are to natural hazards occurring outside of their borders. // The Encyclopedia of Natural Hazards effectively captures and integrates contributions from an international portfolio of almost 300 specialists whose range of expertise addresses over 330 topics pertinent to the field of natural hazards. Disciplinary barriers are overcome
in this comprehensive treatment of the subject matter. Clear illustrations and colour images enhance the primary aim to communicate and educate. The inclusion of a series of "classic case study" events interspersed throughout the volume provides tangible examples linking concepts, issues and solutions. This treatise w ill remain a standard reference of choice for many years. // The Kditnr // Peter Hobrou shy і’ an \\djunet Professor al the Centre lor Natural ll.i/anl Research. Department of fault IT *t // Sciences. Simon Fraser University, Canada. With over 30 years of professional experience as an engineering geologist he has worked in Africa. China. India. North America. South America and the Middle East. He И // served/serves on a number of bodies and organizations: Secretary General of the IUGS. President of the В // Geological Association of Canada, editorial board for Landslides and Quaternary International. President of В // the Canadian Quaternary Association and several others. В // ЕІІкИіѴТ-ИІЕІОДІіТ’’ // ) springer.com гМ1‘гť»HIvl’rfťt // 9789048186990 // Contents // Contributors // Preface // Acknowledgments // AA-LAVA Robert Buchwaldt // Accelerometer Zhengwen Zeng and Lin Fa // Acid Rain MaryJ. Thornbush // Adaptation // Philipp Schmidt-Thomé and Sirkku Juhola // Airphoto and Satellite Imagery J. D. Mollard // Albedo // Alan W. Harris // Antecedent Conditions // Michael James Crozier, Nick Preston and // Thomas Glade // Arsenic in
Groundwater Arindam Basu // Asteroid Alan W. Harris // Asteroid Impact Christian Koeberl // Asteroid Impact Mitigation Clark R. Chapman // XV // xxxix // xli // 1 // 10 // 13 // 14 // 18 // 28 // Asteroid Impact Predictions Brian G. Marsden (Deceased) // Automated Local Evaluation in Real Time (ALERT) // Lev I. Dorman // Avalanches Chris Stethem // Aviation (Hazards to) // Thomas Gerz and LJlrich Schumann // Avulsion Joann Mossa // Base Surge Catherine J. Hickson // Beach Nourishment (Replenishment) Charles W. Fink! // Beaufort Wind Scale Tom Beer // Biblical Events Jerry T. Mitchell // Body Wave // Zhengwen Zeng and Lin Fa // Breakwaters Giovanni Cuomo // Building Code Rohit Jigyasu // Building Failure Tiziana Rossetto // 29 // 31 // 31 // 34 // 40 // 41 // 42 42 45 // 47 // 48 // 49 // 50 // vi // CONTENTS // Buildings, Structures, and Public Safety 51 // John M. Logan // Calderas 57 // James W Cole // Casualties Following Natural Hazards 59 // Kerrianne Watt and Philip Weinstein // Challenges to Agriculture 65 // Julie A. March // Civil Protection and Crisis Management 69 // Scira Menoni and Antonio Pugliano // Classification of Natural Disasters 78 // Thomas Glade and David E. Alexander // Climate Change 82 // Jasper Knight // Cloud Seeding 92 // Steven T. Siems // Coal Fire (Underground) 92 // Glenn B. Stracher // Coastal Erosion 94 // Wayne Stephenson // Coastal Zone Risk Management 97 // Norm Catto // Cognitive Dissonance 98 // Jaroslaw Dzialek // Collapsing Soil Hazards
99 // Andrew J. Stumpf // Comet 105 // Paid R. Weissman // Communicating Emergency Information 110 // John И. Sorensen // Community Management of Natural Hazards 112 // William T. Hartwell // Complexity Theory 117 // William H. K. Lee // Concrete Structures 118 // Murat Saatcioglu // Convergence 118 // Ilan Kelman // Coping Capacity 119 // Virginia R. Burkett // Cost-Benefit Analysis of Natural Hazard // Mitigation 121 // Sven Fuchs // Costs (Economic) of Natural Hazards // and Disasters 125 // Howard Kunreuther and Erwann Michel-Kerjan // Creep 129 // Piotr Migoň // Critical Incident Stress Syndrome 130 // Ann M. Mitchell and Kirstyn Kameg // Critical Infrastructure 132 // Susanne Krings // Cryological Engineering 132 // Lukas J. Arenson and Sarah M. Springman // Cultural Heritage and Natural Hazards 135 // Piotr Migoň // Damage and the Built Environment 141 // Adriana Galderisi and Andrea Ceudech // Debris Avalanche 145 // Marco Giardino // Debris Flow 149 // Oldřich Hungr // Deep-seated Gravitational Slope Deformation 151 // Mauro Soldáti // Desertification 155 // Nicholas Lancaster // Disaster Diplomacy 158 // Ilan Kelman // Disaster Relief 159 // Jane Carter Ingram // Disaster Research and Policy, History 160 // ./. C. Gaillard and Ilan Kelman // Disaster Risk Management 164 // N. Nirupama // Disaster Risk Reduction 170 // Walter J. Ammann // Disasters 175 // Ian Stewart // Dispersive Soil Hazards 186 // Andrew J. Stumpf // CONTENTS // vii // Doppler Weather Radar Rodger
A. Brown // Dose Rate Cathy Sclieib // Drought // Suzanne Hollins and John Dodson // 188 // 188 // 189 // Emergency Management Michael K. Linclell // Emergency Mapping // Frank Fiedrich and Sisi Zlatanova // Emergency Planning Scira Menoni // CASE STUDY // Dust Bowl 197 // Richard Seager and Benjamin I. Cook // Dust Devil 201 // Nihon O. Rennó // Dust Storm 202 // Nillon O. Rennó // Dvorak Classification of Hurricanes 203 // Raymond Zehr // Early Warning Systems 207 // Graham S. Leonard, Chris E. Gregg and David M. Johnston // Earthquake 208 // John F. Cassidy // Earthquake Damage 223 // Nicolas Desramaut, Hormoz Modaressi and Gonéri Le Cozannet // Earthquake Prediction and Forecasting 225 // Alik T. Ismail-Zadeh // Earthquake Resistant Design 231 // Tiziana Rossetto and Philippe Duffour // Economic Valuation of Life 240 // Mohammed H. I. Dore and Rajiv G. Singh // Economics of Disasters 242 // Pierre-Alain Schieb // Education and Training for Emergency Preparedness 247 // Kevin R. Ronan // Elastic Rebound Theory 249 // John Ristau // Electromagnetic Radiation (EMR) 250 // Norman Kerle // Emergency Shelter // Camillo Boano and William Hunter // Epicenter Valerio Comerci // Epidemiology of Disease in Natural Disasters Gilbert M. Burnham // Erosion // Mat ja Zorn and Blaž Komac Erosivity // Matija Zorn and Blaž Komac // Eruption Types (Volcanic Eruptions) // Catherine J. Hickson. T. C. Spurgeon and R. I. Tilling // Evacuation // Graham A. Tobin, Burrell E. Montz and Linda M.
Whiteford // Expansive Soils and Clays // Ghulappa S. Dasog and Ahmet R. Mermut // Expert (Knowledge-Based) Systems for Disaster Management Jean-Marc Tacnet and Corinne Curt // Exposure to Natural Hazards Jörn Birkmann // Extensometers Erik Eberhardt // Extinction // Ross D. E. MacPhee // Extreme Value Theory Gianfausto Salvadoři // CASE STUDY // Eyjafjallajökull Eruptions 2010 // Freysteinn Sigmundsson // El Nifio/Southern Oscillation Michael Ghil and Ilya Zaliapin // 250 Fault // William A. Bryant // 263 // 272 // 276 // 280 // 284 // 285 288 // 289 // 290 // 293 // 297 // 300 // 305 // 306 // 307 // 310 // 311 // 317 // viii // CONTENTS // Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) // Vincent R. Parisi // Fetch // Norm Catto // Fire and Firestorms John Radke // Flash Flood // Yang Hong, Pradeep Adhikari and Jonathan J. Gourley // Flood Deposits // János Kovács // Flood Flazard and Disaster Yang Hong, Pradeep Adhikari and Jonathan J. Gourley // Flood Protection Fernando Nardi // Flood Stage Fernando Nardi // Floodplain Klement Tockner // Floodway Armand LaRocque // Fog Hazard Mitigation // Steve LaDochy and Michael R. Witiw // Fog Hazards Paid J. Cro ft // Föhn // Anita Bokwa // Forest and Range Fires Geotge Eftychidis // Frequency and Magnitude of Events Lionel E. Jackson, Jr. // 321 // 322 // 323 // 324 // 325 // 326 // 336 // 336 // 337 // 338 338 342 346 346 359 // CASE STUDY // Galeras Volcano, Colombia 369 // Barry Voight and Marta L. Calvaclie // Gas-Hydrates 377
// Harsh K. Gupta and Kalachand Sain // Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and // Natural Hazards 378 // Paolo Tarolli and Marco Cavalli // Geographic Information Technology 385 // Brigitte Leblon // Geohazards 387 // Blaž Komac and Matija Zorn // Geological/Geophysical Disasters 387 // Richard Guthrie // Glacier Hazards 400 // John J. Clague // Global Change and Its Implications for Natural Disasters 405 // Gonéri Le Cozannet, Hormoz Modaressi and Nicolas Desramaut // Global Dust 409 // Edward Derbyshire // Global Network of Civil Society Organizations for Disaster Reduction 416 // Terry Gibson // Global Positioning Systems (GPS) and Natural // Hazards 416 // Norman Kerle // Global Seismograph Network (GSN) 417 // Allison Bent // CASE STUDY // Haiti Earthquake 2010: Psychosocial Impacts 419 James M. Shultz, Louis Herns Marcelin, // Zelde Espinel, Sharon B. Madanes, // Andrea Allen and Yuval Neria // Frost Hazard // Leanne Webb and Richard L. Snyder // 363 Harmonic Tremor Melanie Kelman // 425 // Fujita Tornado Scale Thomas W. Schmidlin // 366 // Hazard // Farrokli Nadim // 425 // Fumarole // Travis W. Heggie // 367 Hazard and Risk Mapping Brian R. Marker // 426 // CONTENTS // ix // Hazardousness of a Place // Netra Raj Regmi, John Rick Giardino and // John D. Vilek // Heat Waves Gerd Tetzlaff // High-Rise Buildings in Natural Disaster Mural Saatcioglu // Historical Events // Suzanne A. G. Leroy and Raisa Gracheva // Hospitals in Disaster Jeffrey N. Rubin // Human Impacts
of Hazards // Douglas Paton. David Johnston and Sarb Johal // Humanity as an Agent of Natural Disasters Thomas Glade and Andreas Dix // Hurricane (Typhoon, Cyclone) // Robert Korty // CASE STUDY // Hurricane Katrina Joann Mossa // Hydrocompaction Subsidence Andrew J. Stumpf // Hydrograph, Flood Fernando Nardi // Hydrometeorological Hazards Gordon McBean // Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015 Pedro Basabe // Hypocenter Maurice Lamontagne // Ice and Icebergs Norm Catto // Ice Storms Ronald E. Stewart // Impact Airblast Natalia Artemieva // Impact Ejecta Christian Koeberl // Impact Fireball Peter Brown // 435 Impact Firestorms Tamara Goldin // Impact Tsunamis 447 Galen Gisler // 451 // 481 // 494 // 496 // Impact Winter Owen Brian Toon // Inclinometers 452 Erik Eberhardt // CASE STUDY // Indian Ocean Tsunami, 2004 // Franck Lavigne. Raphael Paris. Frédéric // Leone. J. C. Gaillard and Julie Morin // 474 // Induced Seismicity Maurice Lamontagne // Information and Communication Technology Peter S. Anderson // Insect Hazards Philip Weinstein // Insurance Jaroslaw Dzialek // Integrated Emergency Management System Frank Fiedrich // .Q7 Intensity Scales David Giles // ,q7 International Strategies for Disaster Reduction (IDNDR and ISDR) // Karl-Otto Zentel and Thomas Glade // 508 // 516 // 519 // 520 522 // Internet, World Wide Web and Natural Hazards Lucy Stanbrough // Isoseismal Valerio Comerci // Jökulhlaups Marten Geertsema // Karst Hazards // Viacheslav Andreychouk and Andrzej
Tyc // CASE STUDY // 523 Krakatoa (Krakatau) Bill McGuire // 524 Lahar Richard В. Waitt // 525 // 525 // 528 // 529 // 529 // 535 // 536 540 542 544 544 // 552 // 563 // 565 // 567 // 571 // 576 // 579 // x // CONTENTS // Land Degradation 580 // Malija Zorn and Blaž Komac // Land Subsidence 583 // Brian R. Marker // Land Use, Urbanization, and Natural Hazards 590 // Brian Marker // Landsat Satellite 594 // Maria Asuncion Soriano // Landslide 594 // John J. C/ague // Landslide Dam 602 // Reginald L. Hermanns // Landslide Impacts 606 // Michael James Crazier, Nick Preston and Thomas Glade // Landsl ide 1 nventory 610 // Javier Hervás // Landslide Triggered Tsunami, // Displacement Wave 611 // Reginald L. Hermanns, Jean-Sébastien L’Heureux and Lars H. Blikra // Landslide Types 615 // David Cruden // Land-Use Planning 618 // Stefan Greiving and Philipp Schmidt-Thomé // Lateral Spreading 623 // Steven L. Kramer // Lava 623 // Robert Buchwaldt // Levee 624 // Joann Mossa // Lightning 625 // Leopoldo C. Cancio // Liquefaction 629 // Steven L. Kramer // Livelihoods and Disasters 633 // J. C. Gaillard // Loess 637 // János Kovács and György Varga // Macroseismic Survey 639 // Roger M. W. Masson // Magma // Catherine J. Hickson, Т. C. Spurgeon and R. I. Piling // Magnitude Measures David Giles // Marginality Ben Wisner // Marine Hazards Tore Jan Kvalstad // Mass Media and Natural Disasters Wojciech Biernacki // Mass Movement Roy C. Sidle // Megacities and Natural Hazards Norman
Kerle and Annemarie Müller // CASE STUDY // Mega-Fires in Greece (2007) // George Eftychidis // Mercalli, Giuseppe (1850-1914) // Valerio Comerci // Meteorite Jay Melosh // Methane Release from Hydrate Graham Westbrook // Mining Subsidence Induced Fault Reactivation Laurance Donnelly // Misconceptions About Natural Disasters Timothy R. H. Davies // Mitigation // Farrokh Nadim // Modified Mercalli (MM) Scale Valerio Comerci // Monitoring Natural Hazards Michel Jaboyedojf, Pascal Horton, // Marc-Henri Derron, Céline Longchamp and Clement Michaud // Monsoons // Song Yang, Viviane Silva and Wayne Higgins // 639 // 640 // 651 // 652 655 657 660 // 664 // 671 // 672 // 672 // 673 678 682 683 686 // 696 // CONTENTS // CASE STUDY // Montserrat Eruptions Katherine Donovan // Mortality and Injury in Natural Disasters Shannon Doocy // CASE STUDY // Mt Pinatubo Katherine Donovan // Mud Volcanoes Behruz M. Panahi // Mudflow // Christophe Ancey // Myths and Misconceptions in Disasters Alejandro López Carres і // Natural Hazard Anita Bokwa // Natural Hazards in Developing Countries Paolo Paron // Natural Radioactivity Cathy Sclteib // Neotectonics James P McCalpin // CASE STUDY // Nevado del Ruiz Volcano, Colombia 1985 Barry Voiglit, Marta L. Calvache, // Minard L. Hall and Maria Luisa Monsalve // North Anatolian Fault Thomas Rockwell // Nuée Ardente // Catherine J. Hickson, T. C. Spurgeon and R. I. Tilling // Overgrazing Norm Catto // Ozone Tom Beer // Ozone Loss Mary J. Thorn bush
Pacific Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System (PTWS) // Laura S. L. Kong // Pahoehoe Lava  g-j Robert Buchwaldt // Paleoflood Hydrology 699 Gerardo Benito // Paleoseismology Alan R. Nelson // 703 Paraglacial // Jasper Knight // Perception of Natural Hazards and Disasters Jaroslaw Dzialek // 706 „ // Permafrost // Julian B. Murton // 706 // Piezometer Sylvi Haldorsen // 711 // Piping Hazard // Michael James Crozier, Nick Preston and 718 Thomas Glade // Planning Measures and Political Aspects 726 Brian R. Marker // Plate Tectonics 730 John Ristau // Pore-Water Pressure Mark E. Reid // 732 // Post Disaster Mass Care Needs Frank Fiedrich, John R. Harrald and Theresa Jefferson // 738 // Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) // Fran H. Norris // 740 // Primary Wave (P-Wave) // Allison Bent // 741 Probable Maximum Flood (PMF) // Armand LaRocque // 741 Probable Maximum Precipitation (PMP) // Gerd Tetzlaff and Janek Zimmer // 743 Psychological Impacts of Natural Disasters // James M. Shultz, Yuval Neria, Andrea Alien and Zelde Espinel // 747 Pyroclastic Flow Robert Buchwaldt // 748 // 748 // 749 // 750 756 759 764 // 764 // 765 769 // 772 // 773 // 776 // 111 // 111 // 778 // 779 // 791 // xii // CONTENTS // CASE STUDY // Queensland Floods (2010-2011) and “Tweeting” 797 France Cheong and Christopher Cheong // Quick Clay 803 // Marten Geertsema // Quick Sand 804 // János Kovács // Radiation Hazards 807 // Lev /. Dorman // Radon Hazards 808 // James D. Appleton // Recovery and Reconstruction
After Disaster 812 // Michael K. Linde/I // Recurrence Interval 824 // Glenn Biasi // Red Cross and Red Crescent 825 // Donald J. Shropshire // Red Tides 826 // Philip Weinstein // Reflections on Modeling Disaster 827 // David A. Elkin // Release Rates 835 // Pat E. Rasmussen // Religion and Hazards 836 // Heather Songster, Angus M. Duncan and David К. Chester // Remote Sensing of Natural Hazards and Disasters 837 // Norman Kerle // Reservoir, Dams, and Seismicity 847 // Maurice Lamontagne // Resilience 849 // Adriana Galderisi and Floriana F. Ferrara // Richter, Charles Francis (1900-1985) 850 // Susan Hough // Rights and Obligations in International // Humanitarian Assistance 851 // George Kent // Rip Current 855 // Wayne Stephenson // Risk // Jörn Birkmann // Risk Assessment Suzanne Lacasse // Risk Governance // Stefan Greiving and Thomas Glade // Risk Perception and Communication Michael K. Lindell // Rock Avalanche (Sturzstrom) // Reginald L. Hermanns // Rockfall Fa us to Guzzetti // Rogue Wave Norm Catto // Rotational Seismology William H. K. Lee // Sackung Michael J. Bovis // Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Intensity Scale Ilan Kelman // San Andreas Fault William A. Bryant // CASE STUDY // Santorini, Eruption Yuri Gorokhovich // Sea Level Change Peter J. Hawkes // Secondary Wave (S-Wave) Allison Bent // Sedimentation of Reservoirs Anton J. Schleiss // Seiche // Giovanni Cuomo // Seismic Gap John F. Cassidy // Seismograph/Seismometer Allison Bent // 856 // 862 // 863 // 870
875 // 875 // 877 // 877 // 881 // 882 // 883 // 884 895 901 901 // 905 // 906 // 907 // CONTENTS // xiii // Seismology Alik T. Ismail-Zadel // 907 Sunspots // David H. Bolder // Shear 908 // Mura! Saatcioglu // Shield Volcano 910 // Raphaěl Paris // Sinkhole 911 // Maria Asuncion Soriano // Slide and Slump 913 // Lionel E. Jackson, Jr. // Slope Stability 919 // Kaare Haeg // Snowstorm and Blizzard 924 // Thomas IV. Schmidlin // Social-Ecological Systems 926 // Fabrice G. Renaud // Sociology of Disaster 926 // Alison Herring // Solar Flares 936 // David H. Boteler // Solifluction 936 // Piotr Migoň // Space Weather 937 // David H. Boteler // Storm Surges 940 // Gonéri Le Cozannel, Hormoz Modaressi, // Rodrigo Pedreros, Manuel Garcin, Yann Krien and Nicolas Desramaul // Storms 941 // Norm Callo // Stratovolcanoes 941 // Shane J. Cronin // Structural Damage Caused by Earthquakes 947 // Mural Saalcioglu // Structural Mitigation 959 // Murat Saalcioglu // Subduction 979 // Alik T. Ismail-Zadeh // Supernova Lev I. Dorman // Surge // Giovanni Cuomo Susceptibility // Maria José Domlnguez-Cuesta // CASE STUDY // Tangshan, China (1976 Earthquake) Zhengwen Zeng and Chenghu Wang // Tectonic and Tectono-Seismic Hazards James P. McCalpin // Tectonic Tremor David Shelly // Thunderstorms Colin Price // Tidal Bores Hubert Chanson // Tiltmeters Erik Eberhardt // Time and Space in Disaster // Thomas Glade, Michael James Crozier and // Nick Preston // CASE STUDY // Tohoku, Japan (2011 Earthquake
and Tsunami) Kenji Satake // Torino Scale Norm Catto // Tornadoes // Matthew R. Clark and R. P. Knightley // Triggered Earthquakes Harsh K. Gupta // Tsunami // William Power and Graham S. Leonard // Tsunami Loads on Infrastructure // Dan Palermo, loan Nistor and Murat Saatcioglu // 986 // 986 // 987 // 988 // 989 994 // 1004 // 1006 // 1007 // 1009 // 1009 // 1015 // 1019 // 1019 // 1031 // 1036 // 1046 // Subsidence Induced by Underground Extraction 979 Uncertainty // Devin L. Galloway Philipp Schmidt-Thomé // 1055 // xiv // United Nations Organizations and Natural Disasters Badaoui Rouhban // Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) Armand LaRocque // Unreinforced Masonry Buildings Fabio Taucer // Urban Environments and Natural Hazards Pat E. Rasmussen // CASE STUDY // Usoi Landslide and Lake Sarez Alexander Strom // CASE STUDY // Vaiont Landslide, Italy Monica Ghirotti and Doug Stead // CASE STUDY // Vesuvius Bill McGuire // Volcanic Ash // Thomas Wilson and Carol Stewart // Volcanic Gas Travis W. Heggie // CONTENTS // 1056 // 1062 // 1062 // 1063 // 1065 // 1069 // 1073 // 1074 1076 // Volcanoes and Volcanic Eruptions Sue C. Loughlin // Vulnerability Susan L. Cutter // Warning Systems // Graham S. Leonard, David M. Johnston and Chris E. Gregg // Waterspout Mi quel Gaya // CASE STUDY // Wenchuan, China (2008 Earthquake) Zhengwen Zeng and Chenghu Wang // Wildfire // Brigitte Leblon and Laura Bourgeau-Chavez // World Economy, Impact of Disasters Ilan Noy // Worldwide Trends in Natural
Disasters Margreth Keiler // Zoning // Philipp Schmidt-Thomé and Stefan Greiving Author Index Subject Index // 1077 // 1088 // 1091 // 1096 // 1097 // 1102 // 1107 // 1111 // 1115 // 1117 // 1119

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