Cover; Half Title; Dedication; Title Page; Copyright Page; Table of Contents; List of figures and tables; Preface to the third edition; Acknowledgements; Cover image details; 1 The Quaternary record; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 Interpreting the Quaternary record; 1.3 The status of the Quaternary in the geological timescale; 1.4 The duration of the Quaternary; 1.5 The development of Quaternary studies; 1.5.1 Historical developments; 1.5.2 Recent developments; 1.6 The framework of the Quaternary; 1.7 The causes of climatic change; 1.8 The scope of this book; Notes; 2 Geomorphological evidence.
2.1 Introduction2.2 Methods; 2.2.1 Field methods; 18.104.22.168 Field mapping; 22.214.171.124 Instrumental levelling; 2.2.2 Remote sensing; 126.96.36.199 Aerial photography; 188.8.131.52 Satellite imagery; 184.108.40.206 Radar; 220.127.116.11 Sonar and seismic sensing; 18.104.22.168 Digital elevation/terrain modelling; 2.3 Glacial landforms; 2.3.1 Extent of ice cover; 2.3.2 Geomorphological evidence and the extent of ice sheets and glaciers during the last cold stage; 22.214.171.124 Northern Europe; 126.96.36.199 Britain and Ireland; 188.8.131.52 North America; 2.3.3 Direction of ice movement; 184.108.40.206 Striations; 220.127.116.11 Friction cracks.
18.104.22.168 Ice-moulded (streamlined) bedrock22.214.171.124 Streamlined glacial deposits; 2.3.4 Reconstruction of former ice masses; 126.96.36.199 Ice sheet modelling; 188.8.131.52 Ice caps and glaciers; 2.3.5 Palaeoclimatic inferences using former glacier elevations; 184.108.40.206 Cirque floor altitude (CFA) and toe-to-headwall (THAR) methods; 220.127.116.11 ELA/FLA method; 2.4 Periglacial landforms; 2.4.1 Palaeoclimatic inferences based on periglacial evidence; 18.104.22.168 Rock glaciers; 22.214.171.124 Pingos and palsas; 126.96.36.199 Pronival (’’protalus’’) ramparts; 2.5 Sea-level change; 2.5.1 Relative and ’’absolute’’ sea-level changes.
2.5.2 Eustatic changes in sea level188.8.131.52 Pre-Quaternary eustatic changes; 184.108.40.206 Quaternary eustatic changes; 2.5.3 Tectonic influences; 2.5.4 Glacio-and hydro-isostasy; 2.5.5 Shoreline sequences in areas affected by glacio-isostasy; 2.5.6 Palaeoenvironmental significance of sea-level changes; 2.6 River terraces; 2.6.1 Origins of river terraces; 220.127.116.11 Eustatic changes in sea level; 18.104.22.168 Climatic change; 22.214.171.124 Glaciation; 126.96.36.199 Tectonic changes; 188.8.131.52 Human activity; 2.6.2 River terraces and palaeoenvironmental reconstruction; 2.6.3 The terraces of the River Thames.
"Examines the various forms of evidence used to establish the history and scale of environmenal changes during the Quaternary. This book examines a wide range palaeological indicators, and synthesises field and laboratory techniques. It is widely illustrated and employs progressive leanring techniques throughout"-- Provided by publisher..