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Bibliografická citace

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Prague : Charles University in Prague, Karolinum Press, 2017
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ISBN 9788024631912 (ebook)
ISBN 8024631911 (ebook)
Tištěná verze : Černý, Karel Instability in the Middle East : Structural Changes and Uneven Modernisation 1950-2015. Prague : Charles University in Prague, Karolinum Press,c2017 ISBN 9788024634272
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CONTENTS // Introduction: Chronic Instability in the Middle East 9 // Modernisation as the cause of instability in the Middle East - too slow or too fast? 9 Creating an alternative theoretical model: uneven modernisation and its context 16 A new theoretical model of modernisation in the Middle East 25 // Four possible macro comparisons of the Middle Eastern pattern of modernisation 26 Operationalisation of the model of uneven modernisation and sources of empirical data 29 // From the macro-level of structures to the micro-level of actors // and their actions: mechanisms of destabilisation 31 // Methodological, terminological and personal observations 35 // Political Modernisation: Weak and Authoritarian States 39 // Frozen political modernisation in an international comparison: // the democratic deficit 41 // Regional comparison: the democratic deficit of Middle Eastern regimes 46 // The second dimension of political modernisation: a weak state // and a governance deficit so // The character of Middle Eastern regimes and the character of political repertoires // of contention 57 // Political regimes and political repertoires: a weak authoritarian state, // revolution and terrorism 60 // (1) The birth of political actors: mass political participation and rigid // political systems 69 // (2) The discrepancy between preferences and reality: the desire for democracy, // prosperity and conservative morals 73 // (3) The discrediting of unscrupulous dictators, the invention of tradition
// and the moralising drive of Islam 89 // (5) The current conflict as a continuation of history 102 // (6) The decline of secular doctrines: an ideological vacuum and Islam // as an alternative 105 // (7) The chronic crisis of the legitimacy of regimes: the career of Middle Eastern // ideologies ? // (8) The turn to religion: official Islam and the risky strategy of regimes 135 // (9) Domesticated clerics and the decline of the traditional religious authorities 138 // (10) Oil rent, the power pyramid and the socio-economic alienation of regimes 148 // (11) The cultural alienation of westernised regimes: cultural decolonisation I60 // (12) Clientelism and the alienation of the regime from the rest of the population 165 // (13) Military clientele: co-opting of the army, polarisation of society 169 // (14) Terrorism as the continuation of politics by other means 179 // Economic Modernisation: Volatile and Distorted 182 // Oil rent and distorted economic development: the Dutch disease 182 // International comparison: the Middle East and other macroregions 185 // Regional comparison of Middle Eastern countries: a two-speed region 189 // Rapid economic development as a possible factor in political destabilisation 191 // The models application to the post-colonial Arab world: oil rent versus neoliberal // reforms 194 // The international context: the food crisis and political destabilisation 198 // Population Explosion: The Middle East and Its Abandoned Young People 202 // International
comparison: the Middle East and other world macrorcgions 202 // Regional comparison: a comparison of Middle Eastern countries 204 // Young people caught in the trap of uneven modernisation: divergence // in the rate of demographic, economic and political change 207 // A historical comparison of the demographic revolution: Europe past // and the Middle East present 209 // (1) Rebellious youth: identity crisis, intergenerational conflict and adolescence 213 // (2) The leisure of the "Arab street”: a blessing or a curse? 223 // (3) The attitudes and aspirations of young people on the eve of revolution: // the conflict between hopes and reality 226 // (4) A lost generation: the population dynamic versus a collapsing labour market 228 // (5) Demographic marginalisation and the marriage crisis 234 // (6) The generational alienation of the power elite: the old cadres versus // the young population 238 // (7) The uneven population growth of different groups within a heterogeneous state 242 // The Media Revolution: The Middle East as a Religious Marketplace 244 // The media revolution: an international and regional comparison 246 // The media revolution: a historical comparison. Modernisation in the era // of the global village 254 // (1) The birth of public opinion: the masses discover politics 257 // (2) The mobilisation and coordination of collective action: the case // of the Arab Spring 262 // (3) A shrinking world I: consumer aspirations and the revolution of growing // expectations 266
// (4) A shrinking world II: visible domestic inequality 269 // (5) A shrinking world III: the Turkish model and other reference countries 271 // (6) Hie shrinking Arab world: the democratising effect of Al-Jazeera // and the revolutionary domino 276 // (7) Hie media at the service of opposition political Islam 28i // (8) The religious market and the erosion of traditional authorities: // the struggle over how to interpret Islam 294 // (9) Pluralism and fundamentalism 298 // The Expansion Of Education: The Middle East and the “Lumpenintelligentsia" ??? // The development of education: an international comparison 302 // Regional comparison of the development of education in Middle Eastern countries ??? // (1) Educational problems: poor quality and growing inequality as evidence // of the failure of regimes 309 // (2) The awakening of political awareness and the failing Middle Eastern panopticon 316 // (3) The boomerang effect of religious education: the Islamic revival and a culture // of interpretation 320 // (4) Secondary school political chemistry: the reaction of disgruntled teachers // and students 332 // (3) Universities as centres of opposition 335 // (6) The battle over the interpretation of Islam: the loss of the monopoly // of traditional authorities and the arrival of new interpreters 344 // (7) Counter-productive reactions on the part of regimes: I speak in the name // of Islam - I have power 348 // (8) The westernised mindset and the creolisation of Islam: Western
ideology // and the invention of tradition 350 // (9) Growth in aspirations and the unemployed “lumpen-intelligentsia” 359 // (10) The alienation and radicalisation of the intelligentsia 362 // The Boom In Megacities: A Whirlwind of Urbanisation in the Middle East 372 // Urbanisation Middle Eastern-style: international and historical compariscn 372 // Urbanisation and uneven modernisation 377 // Urbanisation and (non)secularisation: European past, Middle Eastern present 380 // (1) Unmanageable urbanisation: discredited regimes and their doctrine // of development 382 // (2) Spatial concentration: the potential for political agitation, organisation // and mobilisation 384 // (3) Urban unemployment: voluntary simplicity instead of revolution? 385 // (4) Shrinking of the social world: visible inequality and the resistance // of socially sensitive Islam 393 // (5) Urban and rural poverty: new reference groups, new aspirations 394 // (6) Islamic charity and civil society: the urban middle classes and the poor // as clients 396 // (7) The crisis of the overburdened urbanised family: the conservative reaction 399 // (8) A threatening urban environment and Islamic feminism 401 // (9) Intergenerational alienation: the decline in the authority of rural parents // and the search for surrogates 403 // (?) Radicalisation of the second and third generation of migrants 404 // (11) The city as the modern jahiliyyah: the epitome of moral turpitude 406 // (12) The traditional bipolarity of
urban and rural Islam: a disturbed balance 418 // (13) Peasants into Islamists: socialising functions and surrogate rural communities 420 // (14) From folk to political Islam: ideological functions and an orientation // for the disoriented 422 // Conclusion 424 // Four macro-comparisons of modernisation patterns and chronic instability // in the Middle East 424 // Mechanisms of destabilisation: from macro to micro, from structures to actors 435 // References 456 // List of figures and tables 473 // Index 475
1621515
(OCoLC)1009312813

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