9.2 Methods of low coherence interferometry and optical coherence tomography.
Cover; Lasers for medical applications : Diagnostics, therapy and surgery; Copyright; Contents; Contributor contact details; Woodhead Publishing Series in Electronic and Optical Materials; Preface; 1 Introduction: the history of lasers in medicine; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 Interaction of laser radiation with tissue: main contributing factors; 1.3 Laser radiation; 1.4 Interacting tissue; 1.5 Mutual interaction processes; 1.6 Primary factors; 1.7 Secondary factors; 1.8 Conclusion; 1.9 Notes; 1.10 References; Part I Laser- tissue interaction; 2 Laser characteristics.
2.1 Introduction: principle of the laser2.2 Fundamentals of lasers; 2.3 Laser radiation characteristics; 2.4 Conclusion; 2.5 Acknowledgment; 2.6 Notes; 2.7 References; 3 The response of tissue to laser light; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Biological tissue composition, morphology and optical properties; 3.3 Light penetration and reflectance; 3.4 Laser medicine domains and photobiological bands with spectral regions of optical hazards to human eyes and skin tissues; 3.5 Laser light scattering in tissues; 3.6 Speckle formations in biotissues.
3.7 Interference and polarization methods of tissue diagnostics3.8 Alterations of biotissue properties during hyperthermal and ablation reactions; 3.9 Photodynamic therapy (PDT); 3.10 Tissue optical clearing; 3.11 Conclusion; 3.12 Acknowledgments; 3.13 References; 4 Optical fibers for medical applications; 4.1 Introduction: glass and crystalline fibers; 4.2 Hollow optical fibers; 4.3 References; Part II Types of laser used in medicine; 5 Solid-state lasers for medical applications; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 Solid-state laser active materials; 5.3 Solid-state laser systems.
5.4 Solid-state lasers for medical applications5.5 New solid-state laser development; 5.6 Conclusion; 5.7 Acknowledgment; 5.8 Bibliography; 6 Gas lasers for medical applications; 6.1 Introduction; 6.2 Atomic lasers; 6.3 Molecular lasers; 6.4 Conclusion; 6.5 References; 7 Liquid and solid-state tunable organic dye lasers for medical applications; 7.1 Introduction; 7.2 Liquid dye lasers; 7.3 Solid-state dye lasers; 7.4 Multiple-prism dispersive optics and pulse compression; 7.5 Future trends; 7.6 References; 8 Semiconductor lasers for medical applications; 8.1 Introduction.
8.2 Physical principles of semiconductor lasers (SL) and diode lasers8.3 Materials for semiconductor lasers; 8.4 Methods of preparation; 8.5 Types of laser structures and resonators; 8.6 Electrical and optical parameters of semiconductor lasers; 8.7 Wavelength regions of operation for semiconductor lasers; 8.8 Fields of application for semiconductor lasers; 8.9 Medical applications of semiconductor lasers; 8.10 References; Part III Lasers in diagnostics; 9 Optical sources for optical coherence tomography (OCT); 9.1 Introduction.
Lasers have a wide and growing range of applications in medicine. Lasers for medical applications summarises the wealth of recent research on the principles, technologies and application of lasers in diagnostics, therapy and surgery. Part one gives an overview of the use of lasers in medicine, key principles of lasers and radiation interactions with tissue. To understand the wide diversity and therefore the large possible choice of these devices for a specific diagnosis or treatment, the respective types of the laser (solid state, gas, dye, and semiconductor) are reviewed in part two. P..